Gardens are works of art - combinations of nature and culture shaped by and created to sustain, shelter and delight people. Like any cultural practice and art form, garden making has evolved over time, reflecting changing resources, technology, social demographics, ways of life (for example, servants), urban and rural situations, fashions, social and family structures.
Gardens can be heritage items, and collectively, form conservation areas. Australia has a garden on the World Heritage List: the Royal Exhibition Building and Carlton Gardens in Victoria. New South Wales has Australia's oldest 'imported' gardens, dating from 1788.
Aboriginal people arguably have 'gardened' here for millennia before that, burning country to influence its plant composition and fauna, cultivating crops such as yams, harvesting and planting fruits and seeds.
Download the following lists and resources to help care for your own heritage garden:
Page last updated: 26 March 2014