The nature reserve is situated within the lands of the Wanda Wandian speaking people and the Budawang/Murramarang tribes of the Dhurga language group. Today, the nature reserve is in the area of the Jerrinja Local Aboriginal Land Council and the Shoalhaven Elders Group.
The landscape, and the plants, animals and physical features within the landscape are all an integral part of Aboriginal cultural heritage. It is likely that the reserve was an important food gathering area because of the proximity of the Narrawallee Creek estuary, lagoons, Conjola Lake and the ocean.
Archaeological sites are important to Aboriginal communities as they are a testament to their culture’s great antiquity. Aboriginal sites and places are also important to non-Aboriginal people as they provide information about past ways of life. The reserve protects archaeological sites such as middens, tool assemblages and canoe and shield trees.