Plants, animals and landscape
Gardens of Stone National Park is partly within the Hawkesbury Nepean River catchment and the Sydney Basin region. It contains many sandstone pagoda rock forms, with heathlands, low woodlands, shrublands, and Blue Mountains sandstone forests. Rugged cliff lines around the Capertee Valley continue into the adjoining Wollemi National Park near Newnes. Below the cliffs are steep slopes where rare species live within eucalypt forests. In the ironbark and box woodlands near Capertee the major creeks have incised steep-sided gullies to expose 400 million year old limestone outcrops.
Because of the number of different landforms and the good water flow there is a rich diversity of vegetation. In the pagoda country of Point Cameron are dwarf heaths, including dwarf casuarinas, prickly dwarf tea-tree and fringe myrtle. The heaths give off a heavy honey scent which attracts many small birds. Adding to the colour are deep purple mint bushes, red darwinia and yellow pea flowers and the golden heads of paper daisies can be seen on pagoda ledges. The gullies between the pagodas are covered in banksia heaths, and scribbly gums, stringybarks, white box, and wattle grow in the forests and woodlands.
Most animal populations are greatest in the shrub-heaths and gullies, and along escarpments. These areas provide a reliable water and food supply as well as shelter. Birds such as regent honeyeaters and rock-warblers are attracted to the banksia heaths, while the sandstone caves and ledges support large numbers of brush-tailed rock wallabies. Other park inhabitants you may see are lyrebirds, glossy black cockatoos, wedge-tailed eagles, kestrels, powerful owls, koalas, tiger quolls, yellow-bellied gliders, swamp rats, broad-headed snakes, and the rare regent honeyeater and turquoise parrot.
The park landscape: geology and landforms
The park is within the Sydney Basin geological region in the Blue Mountains Plateau, and is comprised primarily of sandstone, limestone and alluvial deposits. It is well known for the unusual pagoda rock formations produced by erosion of sandstone outcrops.
Pest plants and animals
Blackberry, tree of heaven, St Johns wort and prickly pear are found in the park. The main animal pests are wild dogs, rabbits, goats, feral cats, and foxes.
More about this park
A bioregion is basically a group of landscapes that have a lot in common. Bioregions can cover millions of hectares, but looking across them, you'll find many similarities in climate, geology, soils, landforms, vegetation and other environmental factors.
This park is in the following bioregions, and you can use the links below to get bioregion overview information. You won't find detailed coverage of the park here, but you will get a general impression of the wider landscapes the park lies within.