Nature conservation

Biodiversity Reform

Australian Alps Bioregion

Alpine habitats have a very limited extent in Australia, with a total coverage of 793,818 hectares, 54.02 per cent of which is in NSW. This bioregion is the smallest in NSW, occupying 0.54 per cent of the state, and is one of the smallest bioregions in Australia. The bioregion spans 428,832 hectares of NSW, with most of the remainder in Victoria (323,549 ha) and a small proportion (40,710 ha) in the southwest of the ACT. In NSW, the bioregion is entirely surrounded by the South Eastern Highlands Bioregion. In Victoria, it becomes discontinuous towards Mt Buffalo, with outlying patches.

Part of the Australian Alps Bioregion lies in the Murray-Darling Basin, encompassing the headwaters of the Murray, Murrumbidgee and Snowy rivers and traversed by the Tumut and Yarrangobilly rivers.

NSW towns in the bioregion include Cabramurra, the highest town in Australia, and the ski resort towns of Guthega, Perisher Valley, Smiggins Holes and Thredbo Village. Other notable areas include Yarrangobilly Caves, and Mts Kosciuszko, Jagungal and Tom Groggin.


Australian Alps - climate
See average climate figures for the bioregion.

Australian Alps - landform
Get topography, geology, geomorphology, geodiversity and soil information.

Australian Alps - biodiversity
Find out about plant communities, flora, fauna and wetlands in the bioregion.

Australian Alps - regional history
Learn about Aboriginal cultural heritage in this area, together with the history of the region since colonisation.

Australian Alps - bioregional-scale conservation
Find out how much of this bioregion is protected by parks and reserves, and learn about other conservation programs in the region.

Australian Alps - subregions
Get basic information about the finer-scale subregions that make up this bioregion.

Australian Alps - references
See a list of publications and websites which can provide more information about this bioregion.

Australian Alps - maps and printable versions
Download and print all the information in this bioregion overview as an Acrobat (PDF) document. View maps showing rivers, topography, vegetation, conservation reserves and subregions.

Page last updated: 18 April 2016