The following table shows medium security (mechanism is described in legislation and confers specific management, but does not require parliamentary action for removal), nature conservation-oriented, land management strategies available in NSW.
|Mechanism||Governing legislation||Purpose as defined in legislation||Conservation effectiveness. Is nature conservation the primary purpose of the mechanism?||Security of mechanism. How easily can protection offered by the measure be circumvented or varied?||Planned management. Does legislation require that the protection measure be managed under a plan of management?||IUCN protected are category if applicable|
|Conservation Agreement||National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974 |
|69C(1) a-f: Conservation Agreements (CAs) are entered into on private lands in relation to areas that contain: scenery, natural environments, natural phenomena worthy of preservation; special scientific interest; sites of buildings, objects, monuments or events of national significance; relics or Aboriginal places (where they are situated); value for study, preservation, protection and care of flora, fauna and karst regions.||Case by case.||An agreement may be varied by a subsequent agreement between the Minister and the owner of the conservation area||A Plan of Management may be prepared.||Case by case.|
|Conservation Agreement in Wilderness area (applies to private land)||Wilderness Act 1987||A CA can be entered into in relation to land identified as Wilderness under the Wilderness Act 1987, and also to freehold or Crown Lease (not managed by statutory authority) land. A CA under such circumstances cannot contain terms inconsistent with the management principles for Wilderness areas as identified in the Wilderness Act. ||Yes||Can be varied or revoked in accordance with the revocation statutes of S 8(4) of the Wilderness Act or S 69D of the NPW Act.||A Plan of Management may be prepared and needs to be consistent with the requirements of wilderness protection defined in the Wilderness Act.||I|
|Wilderness Protection Agreement (applies to land of the Crown) ||Wilderness Act 1987||Purpose is for conservation and restriction of use and access (s.S.12 (1) a-i. Relates to land that is: 1) owned by the Crown or land owned or controlled by a statutory authority; and that is 2) identified as Wilderness (i.e. not yet declared as Wilderness) (s. 10(1)). ||Yes||If the Wilderness declaration is revoked, the WPA is revoked; it can be varied by the parties to the agreement.||Not a requirement but can be done. They are not necessary if the NPWS has already caused a plan of management to be prepared for the wilderness area. They cannot be inconsistent with the management of wilderness (S.17).||Ib|
|Wildlife Refuge||NPW Act 1974||68(2): Wildlife Refuges (WRs) are dedicated for the purposes of: preserving, conserving, propagating and studying wildlife; conserving and studying natural environments; and creating simulated natural environments.||Yes||S.68 3 (b) May be revoked at any time by request in writing.||A management plan may be prepared under S (78).||May or may not meet criteria. Could meet categories IV-VI|
|State Environmental Planning Policy (SEPP), SEPP 14 Coastal Wetlands||Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 (EPA Act)||(s. 37-39) SEPPs address issues of state-wide significance, when state-wide application of policy is necessary. A SEPP is made for any matter which, in the opinion of the DG or Minister for Planning, is of significance for environmental planning for the State. A SEPP provides that development consent from the local council be necessary for specified activities. It also provides for exceptions. |
Preservation and protection of coastal wetlands in the environmental and economic interests of the state.
|Yes||Exceptions to activities allowed on SEPP 14 wetlands require consent from the council and DG Planning and is required to account for representations of DG NPWS.||Not required|
|State Environ-mental Planning Policy (SEPP), SEPP 19 Urban Bushland||EPA Act 1979||Preservation of bushland within the Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Sydney Region, Gosford and Port Macquarie, because of: its value to the community as part of the natural heritage; its aesthetic value; its value as a recreational, educational and scientific resource.||Yes||Consent from council is needed for the disturbance of any part of bushland within land zoned or reserved for public open space (with 3 exceptions). Utilities not requiring development consent still require environmental assessment under EPA Act.|
|State Environmental Planning Policy (SEPP), SEPP 26 Littoral Rainforest ||EPA Act 1979||The Policy provides that listed developments shall not be carried out on the littoral rainforest core or the buffer zone, without consent.||Yes||Forbidden developments require consent of the local council and the concurrence of the DG of the Department of Infrastructure, Planning and Natural Resources or, in the case of a development by a Crown authority, the Minister for Planning.|
|Property Agreements||Native Vegetation Conservation Act 1997 (NVC Act)||A Property Agreement (PA) may: identify land or vegetation to be set aside for conservation or rehabilitation purposes; outline methods, practices and outcomes for vegetation management; provide financial and technical assistance to the landholder with respect to vegetation management; and other matters.|
|Conservation and management of native vegetation.||A PA remains in force for a period specified in the agreement. A PA may be varied by a subsequent agreement between the parties to the agreement. Also, a PA may be terminated at any time with the consent of the parties to the agreement.||A PA is a plan of management. It makes provisions for conservation and management of the specified land.||Case by case. Depends on intention and time period specified.|