Nature conservation

Biodiversity Reform

New England Tableland - conservation status analysis

This page shows the conservation status of the bioregion, based on protection of landscapes within formal conservation management mechanisms.

The numbered landscapes referred to in the text are described briefly in the table at the bottom of the page. These landscapes were identified in the State Conservation Monitoring Project. In this project, a total of 1167 landscapes were described, combining three layers: ruggedness, geology and subregions.

Landscape-scale conservation

There are 230 landscapes in the New England Tableland Bioregion (NPWS in prep). The majority of these occupy an area of less than 1 per cent of the NSW bioregional area. Three low ruggedness landscapes (landscapes 526, 235 and 273) with varying geology and source subregions occupy between 5 and 7 per cent of the bioregional area. One hundred and twenty-six of the 230 landscapes are represented in conservation tenures.

National parks and nature reserves

One hundred and four landscapes are represented in national parks and nature reserves. One landscape, Landscape 559, an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid volcanics (extrusives) and associated sediments occurring in subregion NET3 - Walcha Plateau, has 100 per cent of its bioregional area conserved (or 1,100 ha). Two other landscapes (560 and 465) of moderate and high ruggedness and varying geology and source subregion have between 90 and 99 per cent of their bioregional area conserved in this system.

A further 14 landscapes (475, 163, 383, 224, 285, 519, 180, 192, 218, 138, 457, 186, 464, and 469) have between 50 and 89 per cent of their bioregional area conserved. The ruggedness of this group ranges from low to high with varying geology. Eight of the 14 have the northeast forest lands as their source subregion. Ten landscapes have between 30 and 50 per cent and 8 landscapes have between 20 and 29 per cent of their bioregional area conserved in national parks and nature reserves. In total, 35 of the 104 landscapes have greater than 20 per cent of their area included under conservation tenure.

Voluntary conservation agreements

Sixteen landscapes are represented in the 7 voluntary conservation agreements in the bioregion. The area included in VCAs is generally smaller than that included in the system of national parks and nature reserves. The exceptions are Landscape 337, which is only marginally (if at all) included in national parks and nature reserves (with 0.33 hectares measured), and Landscape 459, which does not appear in the latter or in any other of conservation tenure.

Landscape 459 is listed as 100 per cent cleared but Landscape 337 is about 66 per cent cleared and has about one hectares of representation in the property agreement program. The areas and proportion of landscapes included in the VCA program are listed below:

  • Landscape 427 with 0.48 hectares or <0.01 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 426 with 1.25 hectares or <0.01 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 431 with 7.24 hectares or 0.11 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 434 with 11.73 hectares or 0.14 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 437 with 16.02 hectares or 0.04 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 470 with 18.55 hectares or 2.65 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 464 with 19.12 hectares or 1.06 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 465 with 20.43 hectares or 2.27 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 459 with 24.42 hectares or 2.22 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 355 with 24.68 hectares or 0.13 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 505 with 26.54 hectares or 26.55 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 458 with 69.44 hectares or 0.67 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 429 with 71.91 hectares or 0.26 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 337 with 78.99 hectares or 0.46 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 491 with 97.41 hectares or 1.87 per cent of its bioregional area; and
  • Landscape 325 with 129.90 hectares or 0.27 per cent of its bioregional area.

Wildlife refuges

The 17 landscapes represented in the wildlife refuge program are:

  • Landscape 122 with 4.28 hectares or 0.01 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 47 with 5.47 hectares or 0.01 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 184 with 7.67 hectares or 0.45 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 121 with 10.70 hectares or 0.04 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 230 with 18.12 hectares or 0.15 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 234 with 18.14 hectares or 0.18 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 453 with 25.54 hectares or 0.08 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 148 with 29.44 hectares or 0.06 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 123 with 35.64 hectares or 0.28 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 299 with 106.50 hectares or 0.68 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 437 with 139.55 hectares or 0.36 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 291 with 359.08 hectares or 0.52 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 150 with 406.05 hectares or 1.09 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 272 with 430.77 hectares or 0.46 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 329 with 736.88 hectares or 3.92 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 325 with 983.04 hectares or 2.03 per cent of its bioregional area; and
  • Landscape 273 with 2920.92 hectares or 1.50 per cent of its bioregional area.

Two of these landscapes (184 and 329) are not represented in the system of national parks and nature reserves. Notably, landscape 329 is indicated to be about 81 per cent cleared and is not represented in any of the surveyed mechanisms.

Flora reserves

Seven landscapes (probably 6 given the marginal area of landscape 349) with varying ruggedness, geology and source subregion are represented in flora reserves. These are:

  • Landscape 349 with 0.0010 hectares or <0.01 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 273 with 10.7720 hectares or 0.01 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 272 with 24.6480 hectares or 0.03 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 521 with 65.08 hectares or 0.13 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 525 with 82.29 hectares or 0.50 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 566 with 90.40 hectares or 2.10 per cent of its bioregional area; and
  • Landscape 524 with 567.86 hectares or 0.54 per cent of its bioregional area.

All are also represented in national parks and nature reserves, and smaller areas are protected in flora reserves. While 2 of these landscapes, 349 and 525, achieve greater than 30 per cent protection in national parks and nature reserves, the remainder of landscapes in the flora reserve have less than 13 per cent of their bioregional area conserved in national park and nature reserves. The flora reserve is therefore more important in increasing the conservation status of those landscapes.

Property agreements

Twenty-seven landscapes are represented in the conservation zones of the 16 property agreements in the New England Tablelands Bioregion. Eleven of these landscapes are not represented within the bioregional system of national parks and nature reserves and many are not represented under any conservation tenure and are significantly cleared. The areas and proportions of these landscapes are identified below:

  • Landscape 281 with 0.0040 hectares or <0.01 per cent of its bioregional area; and
  • Landscape 437 with 6.84 hectares or 0.02 per cent of its bioregional area.

Those also not represented in any other of the surveyed mechanisms include:

  • Landscape 455 with 2.55 hectares or 0.14 per cent of its bioregional area is about 50 per cent cleared;
  • Landscape 452 with 8.06 hectares or 0.24 per cent of its bioregional area is about 88 per cent cleared;
  • Landscape 474 with 13.75 hectares or 0.18 per cent of its bioregional area is about 97 per cent cleared;
  • Landscape 287 with 23.75 hectares or 0.52 per cent of its bioregional area is about 50 per cent cleared;
  • Landscape 430 with 30.88 hectares or 0.08 per cent of its bioregional area is about 87 per cent cleared;
  • Landscape 415 with 45.05 hectares or 0.45 per cent of its bioregional area is about 80 per cent cleared;
  • Landscape 438 with 106.27 hectares or 0.29 per cent of its bioregional area is about 84 per cent cleared;
  • Landscape 293 with 114.23 hectares or 0.98 per cent of its bioregional area is about 73 per cent cleared; and
  • Landscape 413 with 120.88 hectares or 0.56 per cent of its bioregional area is about 81 per cent cleared.

Aboriginal areas

About 1.87 hectares of one landscape, Landscape 281, is represented in the Aboriginal area. Landscape 281 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid igneous intrusives is sourced from the Tingha Plateau subregion. Although the area of the Landscape included in the Aboriginal area is small, this landscape is not represented in any of the other surveyed mechanisms, including the system of national parks and nature reserves.

State recreation areas

Eleven landscapes are represented in state recreation areas. Only 2 of these (Landscape 201, about 3 hectares, and Landscape 213, with less than 1 ha), are also represented in the system of national parks and nature reserves and their area is so small as to be insignificant or inaccurate. Note the significant proportion of landscapes 159 and 156 included in the state recreation area. Both fall on the same geology in the Binghi Plateau subregion but have different ruggedness. Landscapes included in SRAs are outlined below:

  • Landscape 209 with 1.19 hectares or 0.04 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 183 with 1.77 hectares or 0.02 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 197 with 44.59 hectares or 0.48 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 221 with 60.43 hectares or 4.32 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 201 with 63.38 hectares or 0.20 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 208 with 83.35 hectares or 41.68 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 213 with 143.24 hectares or 2.60 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 184 with 166.07 hectares or 9.77 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 157 with 179.91 hectares or 14.99 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 159 with 5767.46 hectares or 39.78 per cent of its bioregional area; and
  • Landscape 156 with 22957.92 hectares or 50.90 per cent of its bioregional area;

Crown reserves

Three low to moderate ruggedness landscapes with igneous geology and sourced in the Tenterfield subregion are represented in areas of Crown reserve managed by NPWS. Although all 3 are represented in national parks and nature reserves, the proportion of the last (while larger than its proportion in Crown reserve) is still relatively small.

  • Landscape 122 with 4.79 hectares or 0.01 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 121 with 6.70 hectares or 0.02 per cent of its bioregional area; and
  • Landscape 123 with 207.95 hectares or 1.64 per cent of its bioregional area.

Conservation and clearing

A considerable proportion, 1,656,100 hectares or 57.95 per cent, of the New England Tableland Bioregion has been cleared of its native canopy vegetation, making it the fourth highest cleared of NSW bioregions and clearing is spread across the majority (198) of the 230 landscapes.

Only 77 of the landscapes are less than 30 per cent cleared (32 with 0 per cent indicated). Seventy-three landscapes have greater than 70 per cent of their area cleared, and 23 of these are 100 per cent cleared. Only 19 of these are represented in national parks and nature reserves.

Those landscapes having low representation in the more secure forms of conservation management (national parks and nature reserves, flora reserves, voluntary conservation agreements and property agreements, if perpetual) and particularly those which are highly cleared, are priorities for conservation or restoration.

Profiles of landscapes referred to above
Landscape numberDescription
47
Landscape 47 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid igneous intrusives occurring in subregion NET15 - Stanthorpe Plateau.
121
Landscape 121 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid volcanics (extrusives) and associated sediments occurring in subregion NET12 - Tenterfield Plateau.
122
Landscape 122 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid igneous intrusives occurring in subregion NET12 - Tenterfield Plateau.
123
Landscape 123 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid volcanics (extrusives) and associated sediments occurring in subregion NET12 - Tenterfield Plateau.
138
Landscape 138 is an area of high ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid volcanics (extrusives) and associated sediments occurring in subregion NET12 - Tenterfield Plateau.
148
Landscape 148 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid igneous intrusives occurring in subregion NET11 - Northeast Forest Lands.
150
Landscape 150 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid igneous intrusives occurring in subregion NET11 - Northeast Forest Lands.
156
Landscape 156 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid igneous intrusives occurring in subregion NET14 - Binghi Plateau.
157
Landscape 157 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of sedimentary (mixed grain) occurring in subregion NET14 - Binghi Plateau.
159
Landscape 159 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid igneous intrusives occurring in subregion NET14 - Binghi Plateau.
163
Landscape 163 is an area of high ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid igneous intrusives occurring in subregion NET11 - Northeast Forest Lands.
180
Landscape 180 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of sedimentary (mixed grain) occurring in subregion NET11 - Northeast Forest Lands.
183
Landscape 183 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of sedimentary (mixed grain) occurring in subregion NET2 - Beardy River Hills.
184
Landscape 184 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of sedimentary (mixed grain) occurring in subregion NET14 - Binghi Plateau.
186
Landscape 186 is an area of high ruggedness with a dominant geology of sedimentary (mixed grain) occurring in subregion NET11 - Northeast Forest Lands.
192
Landscape 192 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of sedimentary (mixed grain) occurring in subregion NET11 - Northeast Forest Lands.
197
Landscape 197 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of sedimentary (mixed grain) occurring in subregion NET2 - Beardy River Hills.
201
Landscape 201 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid volcanics (extrusives) and associated sediments occurring in subregion NET6 - Deepwater Downs.
208
Landscape 208 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of western alluvials (inactive) occurring in subregion NET6 - Deepwater Downs.
209
Landscape 209 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of western alluvials (inactive) occurring in subregion NET6 - Deepwater Downs.
213
Landscape 213 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid volcanics (extrusives) and associated sediments occurring in subregion NET6 - Deepwater Downs.
218
Landscape 218 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of eastern alluvials occurring in subregion NET11 - Northeast Forest Lands.
221
Landscape 221 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid volcanics (extrusives) and associated sediments occurring in subregion NET2 - Beardy River Hills.
224
Landscape 224 is an area of high ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid volcanics (extrusives) and associated sediments occurring in subregion NET11 - Northeast Forest Lands.
230
Landscape 230 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of basic/intermediate igneous and associated sediments and metasediments occurring in subregion NET11 - Northeast Forest Lands.
234
Landscape 234 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of basic/intermediate igneous and associated sediments and metasediments occurring in subregion NET11 - Northeast Forest Lands.
245
Landscape 245 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of basic/intermediate igneous and associated sediments and metasediments occurring in subregion NET7 - Glenn Innes - Guyra Basalts
272
Landscape 272 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid igneous intrusives occurring in subregion NET16 - Eastern Nandewars.
273
Landscape 273 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid igneous intrusives occurring in subregion NET16 - Eastern Nandewars.
285
Landscape 285 is an area of high ruggedness with a dominant geology of sedimentary (fine grain- non calcareous) occurring in subregion NET11 - Northeast Forest Lands.
291
Landscape 291 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid igneous intrusives occurring in subregion NET18 - Nightcap.
299
Landscape 299 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid igneous intrusives occurring in subregion NET18 - Nightcap.
325
Landscape 325 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid volcanics (extrusives) and associated sediments occurring in subregion NET9 - Moredun Volcanics.
329
Landscape 329 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of basic/intermediate igneous and associated sediments and metasediments occurring in subregion NET9 - Moredun Volcanics.
337
Landscape 337 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid igneous intrusives occurring in subregion NET9 - Moredun Volcanics.
349
Landscape 349 is an area of high ruggedness with a dominant geology of sedimentary (mixed grain) occurring in subregion NET5 - Wongwibinda Plateau.
355
Landscape 355 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of sedimentary (mixed grain) occurring in subregion NET1 - Bundarra Downs.
383
Landscape 383 is an area of high ruggedness with a dominant geology of eastern alluvials occurring in subregion NET5 - Wongwibinda Plateau.
426
Landscape 426 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of sedimentary (mixed grain) occurring in subregion NET4 - Armidale Plateau.
427
Landscape 427 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of basic/intermediate igneous and associated sediments and metasediments occurring in subregion NET8 - Ebor Basalts.
429
Landscape 429 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of sedimentary (mixed grain) occurring in subregion NET4 - Armidale Plateau.
431
Landscape 431 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of basic/intermediate igneous and associated sediments and metasediments occurring in subregion NET4 - Armidale Plateau.
434
Landscape 434 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of basic/intermediate igneous and associated sediments and metasediments occurring in subregion NET8 - Ebor Basalts.
437
Landscape 437 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid igneous intrusives occurring in subregion NET13 - Yarrowyck-Kentucky Downs.
453
Landscape 453 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid igneous intrusives occurring in subregion NET4 - Armidale Plateau.
457
Landscape 457 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid igneous intrusives occurring in subregion NET19 - Round Mountain.
458
Landscape 458 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid igneous intrusives occurring in subregion NET19 - Round Mountain.
459
Landscape 459 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of basic/intermediate igneous and associated sediments and metasediments occurring in subregion NET1 - Bundarra Downs.
464
Landscape 464 is an area of high ruggedness with a dominant geology of basic/intermediate igneous and associated sediments and metasediments occurring in subregion NET8 - Ebor Basalts.
465
Landscape 465 is an area of high ruggedness with a dominant geology of sedimentary (mixed grain) occurring in subregion NET8 - Ebor Basalts.
469
Landscape 469 is an area of high ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid igneous intrusives occurring in subregion NET13 - Yarrowyck - Kentucky Downs.
470
Landscape 470 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid igneous intrusives occurring in subregion NET8 - Ebor Basalts.
475
Landscape 475 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of basic/intermediate igneous and associated sediments and metasediments occurring in subregion NET19 - Round Mountain.
491
Landscape 491 is an area of high ruggedness with a dominant geology of sedimentary (mixed grain) occurring in subregion NET4 - Armidale Plateau.
505
Landscape 505 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of western floodplains (active) occurring in subregion NET13 - Yarrowyck-Kentucky Downs.
519
Landscape 519 is an area of high ruggedness with a dominant geology of sedimentary (fine grain- non calcareous) occurring in subregion NET3 - Walcha Plateau.
521
Landscape 521 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of basic/intermediate igneous and associated sediments and metasediments occurring in subregion NET3 - Walcha Plateau.
524
Landscape 524 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of sedimentary (mixed grain) occurring in subregion NET3 - Walcha Plateau.
525
Landscape 525 is an area of high ruggedness with a dominant geology of sedimentary (mixed grain) occurring in subregion NET3 - Walcha Plateau.
526
Landscape 526 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of sedimentary (mixed grain) occurring in subregion NET3 - Walcha Plateau
560
Landscape 560 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid volcanics (extrusives) and associated sediments occurring in subregion NET3 - Walcha Plateau.
566
Landscape 566 is an area of high ruggedness with a dominant geology of basic/intermediate igneous and associated sediments and metasediments occurring in subregion NET3 - Walcha Plateau.

Page last updated: 26 April 2016