Nature conservation

Biodiversity Reform

South Eastern Highlands - conservation status analysis

This page shows the conservation status of the bioregion, based on protection of landscapes within formal conservation management mechanisms.

The numbered landscapes referred to in the text are described briefly in the table at the bottom of the page. These landscapes were identified in the State Conservation Monitoring Project. In this project, a total of 1167 landscapes were described, combining three layers: ruggedness, geology and subregions.

Landscape-scale conservation

There are 281 landscapes in the South Eastern Highlands (NPWS in prep).

Despite the large number of landscapes, 2 low ruggedness landscapes (1008 and 1025) dominate 21.20 per cent of the bioregion. Of the 281, a relatively large proportion, 226, are included in conservation tenures.

National parks and nature reserves

A total of 596,638.58 hectares or 12.22 per cent of the bioregion is included in the reserve system and 194 of the 281 landscapes are represented in this system. Ninety-nine landscapes have greater than 20 per cent of their area included in this system. Of this group, 10 (mostly but not all are relatively small eg 100ha) landscapes have 100 per cent of their bioregional area included in the reserve system, a further 13 have between 90 and 99 per cent, 12 have between 80 and 89 per cent and 12 between 70 and 79 per cent.

Historic site

Four landscapes are represented in historic sites in the bioregion. These are:

  • Landscape 846 with 136 hectares or 0.02 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 829 with 10.16 hectares or 0.30 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 731 with 12.41 hectares or 0.10 per cent of its bioregional area ; and
  • Landscape 768 with 104.82 hectares or 0.14 per cent of its bioregional area.

 

All of these landscapes are also represented in the national parks and nature reserves of the bioregion.

Karst conservation reserves

Seven landscapes are represented in the karst conservation reserves of the bioregion. Only one of these landscapes (Landscape 779) is not also represented in the system of national parks and nature reserves. Those landscapes represented in the karst conservation reserves are:

  • Landscape 779 with 124.71 hectares or 0.52 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 944 with 222.66ha or 0.56 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 901 with 271.69ha or 2.12 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 852 with 421.09ha or 2.67 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 898 with 447.35ha or 3.15 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 895 with 542.31ha or 41.72 per cent of its bioregional area; and
  • Landscape 891 with 1383.24ha or 13.83 per cent of its bioregional area.

 

Crown reserves

Thirty-nine landscapes are represented in the NPWS-managed Crown reserves in the bioregion. All of these have some representation in the system of national parks and nature reserves.

State recreation area

Nineteen landscapes are represented in the state recreation areas in the bioregion. Two landscapes, 779 and 775 that are represented in SRAs are not also represented within the system of national parks and nature reserves. Landscape 779 has 385.22 hectares or 1.59 per cent of its bioregional area included and 775 has 644.23 hectares or 5.97 per cent included.

Flora reserves

Twenty-one landscapes are represented in the flora reserves of the bioregion. Three of these, landscapes 775, 779 and 690, are not represented in the system of national parks and nature reserves. They are:

  • Landscape 779 with 12.54 hectares or 0.05 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 775 with 155.61 hectares or 1.44 per cent of its bioregional area; and
  • Landscape 690 with 50.09 hectares or 0.42 per cent of its bioregional area.

 

Voluntary conservation agreements

Twenty-five landscapes are included in voluntary conservation agreements in the bioregion. Although relatively small in area conserved, 3 of these landscapes are not represented in the reserve system. These are:

  • Landscape 974 with 12.91 hectares or 1.29 per cent of its bioregional area;
  • Landscape 951 with 48.06 hectares or 0.72 per cent of its bioregional area; and
  • Landscape 832 with 4.65 hectares or 0.42 per cent of its bioregional area.

 

Wildlife refuges

A relatively large range of landscapes (100) is included in the wildlife refuges of the bioregion. Wildlife refuges significantly expand the range of landscapes protected with the inclusion of 24 landscapes that are not represented in the system of national parks and nature reserves.

Property agreements

Eighty landscapes (60 of which are also represented in the wildlife refuge program) are represented in the conservation zones of property agreements in the bioregion. The property agreement program adds a range of landscapes to those protected in national parks and nature reserves in the bioregion. Thirteen landscapes managed in the conservation zone of property agreements are not represented in the reserve system.

Special catchment areas

Ten landscapes are included in special catchment areas that are not gazetted as national park or nature reserve.

Conservation and clearing

While landscapes are by no means comprehensively reserved in the bioregion, a relatively large range has greater than 20 per cent representation in the reserve system. The range of landscapes under some form of conservation management is most expanded by wildlife refuges and then by property agreements.

About 2,823,700 hectares, or 57.87 per cent of the bioregion has been cleared. Only 51 of the 281 landscapes appear to have had no clearing of their native canopy. More than half (180) have more than 30 per cent of their canopy cleared. Of this group, 21 are 100 per cent cleared, and 68 have between 70 and 99 per cent of their canopy cleared. Over half of those with some level of clearing do have representation in national parks and nature reserves. Forty-five of the landscapes have more than 30 per cent of their canopy cleared and have no representation in any of the conservation tenures.

Profiles of landscapes referred to above
Landscape numberDescription
690
Landscape 690 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of sedimentary (mixed grain) occurring in subregion SB4 - Wollemi.
731
Landscape 731 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of sedimentary (coarse grain) occurring in subregion SEH13 - Hill End.
768
Landscape 768 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of sedimentary (mixed grain) occurring in subregion SEH13 - Hill End State Recreation Area.
775
Landscape 775 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid volcanics (extrusives) & associated sediments occurring in subregion SEH12 - Orange.
779
Landscape 779 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid volcanics (extrusives) & associated sediments occurring in subregion SEH12 - Orange.
829
Landscape 829 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of sedimentary (mixed grain) occurring in subregion SEH11 - Bathurst.
832
Landscape 832 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid volcanics (extrusives) & associated sediments occurring in subregion SEH11 - Bathurst
846
Landscape 846 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of sedimentary (mixed grain) occurring in subregion SB9 - Burragorang.
852
Landscape 852 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid volcanics (extrusives) & associated sediments occurring in subregion SEH10 - Oberon.
891
Landscape 891 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid volcanics (extrusives) & associated sediments occurring in subregion SEH8 - Kanangra.
895
Landscape 895 is an area of high ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid volcanics (extrusives) & associated sediments occurring in subregion SEH8 - Kanangra.
898
Landscape 898 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid volcanics (extrusives) & associated sediments occurring in subregion SEH9 - Crookwell.
901
Landscape 901 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid volcanics (extrusives) & associated sediments occurring in subregion SEH9 - Crookwell.
944
Landscape 944 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid volcanics (extrusives) & associated sediments occurring in subregion SEH7 - Bungonia.
951
Landscape 951 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid igneous intrusives occurring in subregion SEH6 - Murrumbateman.
974
Landscape 974 is an area of moderate ruggedness with a dominant geology of basic/intermediate igneous & associated sediments & metasediments occurring in subregion SEH6 - Murrumbateman.
1008
Landscape 1008 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of sedimentary (mixed grain) occurring in subregion SEH5 - Monaro.
1025
Landscape 1025 is an area of low ruggedness with a dominant geology of acid igneous intrusives occurring in subregion SEH5 - Monaro.

Page last updated: 18 April 2016