Mv008 : Toll House | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Mv008 : Toll House

Item details

Name of item: Mv008 : Toll House
Other name/s: Toll Bar House
Primary address: 167 Great Western Highway, Mount Victoria, NSW 2786
Local govt. area: Blue Mountains
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
167 Great Western HighwayMount VictoriaBlue Mountains   Primary Address

Statement of significance:

The toll-house is of high state significance as one of the only two surviving buildings of its sort in the state and as the second oldest building on the mountains. With Woodford Academy, the tollhouse is one of only two surviving pre 1850s cottages in the Blue Mountains. While Woodford Academy has had a number of large additions, the tollhouse retains its original form with only minor additions to the rear.

Although much of the joinery and the cottage has been relocated, the character and form of the building are intact. This character and its unusual bay front make the tollhouse of high local aesthetic significance.
Date significance updated: 19 Feb 00
Note: There are incomplete details for a number of items listed in NSW. The Heritage Division intends to develop or upgrade statements of significance and other information for these items as resources become available.

Description

Construction years: 1849-1849
Physical description: The Toll House is a two-roomed single storey sparrowpicked coursed sandstone cottage facing east to the previous alignment of the highway. The cottage is a simple building in the Victorian Georgian style.
The south end of the east elevation has a bay form with a 6 panel entry door approached by stone steps on the east face and 4 over 4 pane double hung windows with louvred shutters on the angled sides.
A 4 over 4 pane double hung window with louvred shutters is at the north end of the east elevation
The windows have sandstone sills and lintels.
The stone over the lintel to the front door is carved with "AD 1849"
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Fair
Date condition updated:19 Feb 00
Modifications and dates: Corrugated steel roof
Rear weatherboard skillion
Openings in west wall of cottage to provide access to skillion
Windows, shutters and doors reconstructed
Render to part of west wall of cottage
Modern Kitchen built to the rear
Current use: Unused
Former use: Toll-keeper's residence

History

Historical notes: Toll-bars at which moneys were collected to maintain roads and bridges were instituted in New South Wales in 1810 and continued until tolls on main roads were abolished in 1877-80. An adjacent cottage for a toll-collector was a common need, but only two survive in the state, one at Windsor, the other at Mount Victoria. The Mount Victoria toll-house was erected in 1849: only Woodford Academy is an older surviving building in the mountains. George Sheppeard was lessee of the toll-house from 1851 until 1865 and he built an inn immediately to the west. The toll-house lost its purpose in 1868 when the toll-bar was moved following the opening of the railway station some distance away. The toll-house remained as a residence and passed to the National Trust in poor condition in 1969. The National Trust has offered it for sale in 1999 and its future use is uncertain.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The toll-house is of high state significance as one of the only two surviving buildings of its sort in the state and as the second oldest building on the mountains
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
With Woodford Academy, the tollhouse is one of only two surviving pre 1850s cottages in the Blue Mountains. While Woodford Academy has had a number of large additions, the tollhouse retains its original form with only minor additions to the rear.

Although much of the joinery and the cottage has been relocated, the character and form of the building are intact. This character and its unusual bay front make the tollhouse of high local aesthetic significance.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanLEP2005MV00807 Oct 05 122 
Heritage study MV008   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Blue Mountains Heritage Study1983MV008Croft & Associates Pty Ltd & Meredith Walker  Yes
Heritage Study Review, Blue Mountains1992MV008Tropman and Tropman  Yes
Blue Mountains Heritage Register Review1999MV008Jack, R. I. for University of SydneyRIJ & PH Yes
Technical Audit BM Heritage Register2008MV008Blue Mountains City CouncilCity Planning Branch No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenMount Victoria and District Historical Society1988Mount Victoria

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1170293


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

All information and pictures on this page are the copyright of the Heritage Division or respective copyright owners.