Heritage

Bx001 : Pilgrim Inn (Site Only)

Item details

Name of item: Bx001 : Pilgrim Inn (Site Only)
Other name/s: McDonald's Restaurant
Primary address: 1-11 Layton Avenue, Blaxland, NSW 2774
Local govt. area: Blue Mountains
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
1-11 Layton AvenueBlaxlandBlue Mountains   Primary Address

Statement of significance:

The site has historic significance at the local level, as it is directly associated with the early settlement of the lower Blue Mountains and Blaxland in particular. In the Inn period the site has associations with the locally prominent John Wascoe, and after closure of the inn with the Deane family who occupied the site for 100 years. Archaeological deposits are known to survive here which will provide evidence of the specific construction, form, nature, function and occupation of this site.
Date significance updated: 07 Mar 00
Note: There are incomplete details for a number of items listed in NSW. The Heritage Branch intends to develop or upgrade statements of significance and other information for these items as resources become available.

Description

Construction years: 1825-1828
Physical description: The site has been redeveloped as a McDonalds restaurant. The main area of archaeological potential and surviving remains of the building are situated in the car park. Only the topsoil was removed for this construction and archaeological monitoring completed at the time indicates that several features survive at lower levels in the soil profile. They include a cellar and a well, and possibly some sandstone flagging. The main remains of the building complex visible above ground consist of three standing masonry walls which include openings for a door and a window. These have been conserved by means of structural supports and capping of the tops of the walls with an acrylic mortar to prevent damage by rainwater. The walls are fenced off from the carpark with an explanatory plaque. An historic display about the inn is included in the restaurant.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
High
Date condition updated:07 Mar 00
Modifications and dates: Burnt down, 1968
Current use: McDonald's Restaurant

History

Historical notes: There has been some confusion about the history of this site for much of the 20th century.
In 1825 Barnett Levey was granted provisional lease of 320 acres at Lapstone Hill. 640 acres was added to this grant and the property became known as Mount Sion. The site of the Pilgrim Inn was within these grants. By 1828 a four-roomed weatherboard house, outhouses, piggery and stable had been erected and the property was put up for sale. The building appears to have operated as an inn from 1830 and was known as the Pilgrim Inn from 1832. In that year, new road improvements (Mitchells Pass) were reported to be passing behind the Pilgrim Inn and requiring removal of the stables, stores and fencing.
Another inn, the Late Lord Byron was also built nearby in about 1840. In 1852 John Wascoe acquired the licence there and used the sign of the Old Pilgrim Inn. In 1857 Wascoe bought the site of the Pilgrim Inn and took the name of Old Pilgrim Inn with him. This complex name change is one cause of the confusion over the site. The inn closed in 1869. After that time the Deane family took up residence. In 1968 the building burnt down. A McDonald's restaurant was built adjacent with a carpark surrounding the remains of the old inn.

This history is drawn from the reports cited below. More recently local historians have again claimed that the attribution of the site is incorrect and that the site here is of the second inn, not the original Pilgrim Inn. In any event it would still be an 1840s site, and it is known to retain sub-surface archaeological deposits.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site has historic significance at the local level as it is directly associated with the early settlement of the lower Blue Mountains and Blaxland in particular. In the Inn period the site has associations with the locally prominent John Wascoe, and after closure of the inn with the Deane family who occupied the site for 100 years.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Archaeological deposits are known to survive here which will provide evidence of the specific construction, form, nature, function and occupation of this site.
Integrity/Intactness: Low
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanLEP2005BX00107 Oct 05 122 
Heritage study BX001   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Blue Mountains Heritage Study1983BX001Croft & Associates Pty Ltd & Meredith Walker  Yes
Heritage Study Review, Blue Mountains1992BX001Tropman and Tropman  Yes
Blue Mountains Heritage Register Review1999BX001Jack, R. I. for University of SydneySL Yes
Springwood, Blaxland, Hazelbrook HA2002BX001Jack, Hubert, Lavelle, MorrisRIJ; PH Yes
Technical Audit BM Heritage Register2008BX001Blue Mountains City CouncilCity Planning Branch No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenThorp, Wendy1989Archaeological Assessment, the Pilgrim Inn Site, Blaxland
WrittenThorp, Wendy1989Report on Test Excavations, The Pilgrim Inn Site, Blaxland

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1170329


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