St. Peter's Cemetery | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage


St. Peter's Cemetery

Item details

Name of item: St. Peter's Cemetery
Type of item: Archaeological-Terrestrial
Primary address: Mangrove Creek Road, Greengrove, NSW
Local govt. area: Gosford
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Mangrove Creek RoadGreengroveGosford  Primary Address

Statement of significance:

St Peter's Cemetery on Mangrove Creek Road, Greengrove has historic and social significance as an early burial site of pioneer settlers of the Mangrove Creek area on one of the two road access routes between Gosford and Sydney. It has historic significance for its association with Matthew Pemberton and other prominent local families including the Crafts, Woodburys and Coxs. It has scientific significance for its potential for research. It has aesthetic significance as a group of funeral monuments representative of the development of the area, showing a wide variety of styles indicative of each period. Although no longer associated with St Peter's Church, this does not diminish its significance and is an important feature of the landscape.
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Designer/Maker: N/A
Builder/Maker: N/A
Construction years: 1847-
Physical description: Graveyard on grassed river flats along the Mangrove River obscured from Mangrove Creek Road by trees. On private property with R.O.W. for access down from road. Form of previous access still evident. Site identifiable by high voltage overhead power lines which cross over road. Numerous graves in line with east/west orientation. Unusual headstones and intricate wrought iron fence surrounds. Site isolated by timber post and wire fence.
Modifications and dates: Largely intact. Period: First settl & Indust.
Further information: Style:N/A External Materials:Sandstone, granite, marble and wrought iron. Internal Materials:N/A


Historical notes: Graves of early settlers of Mangrove Creek area. Includes graves of Matthew Pemberton (Items 9 & 155) and Craft, Woodbury and Cox families among others. Matthew Pemberton was post master at Mangrove Creek at site established by his father. Joseph Craft arrived in Australia in 1791. His son married a Woodbury and his grandson, Albert was an orchardist in the district who plied his trade and passengers along the waterways to market via Brooklyn. The Woodburys were a well known local family, Richard being first District Constable of the Lower Hawkesbury and his son, William who contributed the land to build Holy Trinity Church at Spencer. William Cox was a pioneer land holder and road builder of Hawkesbury River. He was not related to the Coxs of Gosford. Originally associated with St Peter's Church and school. The church was moved from its original site due to flooding and has more recently been moved along river flat to higher ground on private property.

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Historically representative at a Local level.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Aesthetically representative at a Local level.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Socially representative at a Local level.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Scientifically representative at a Local level.
SHR Criteria g)
Aesthetically representative at a Local level. Historically representative at a Local level. Historically representative at a Local level. Socially representative at a Local level.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Recommend retention on the Gosford City Council LEP. Consideration should be given for requirement of an Assessment of Heritage Impact prior to any proposals for works to the site which may adversely impact on the significance of the cemetery or its curtilage. Retention of the character of the site together with its curtilage should be considered.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Gosford Heritage Study1999 Graeme BrookesGBA No

References, internet links & images


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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1620166

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