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Heritage

Terrace

Item details

Name of item: Terrace
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Terrace
Primary address: 9 Thames Street, Balmain, NSW 2041
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Leichhardt
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
9 Thames StreetBalmainLeichhardt CumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 9 Thames Street is of local historic and aesthetic significance a good and intact representative example of a late Victorian rendered terrace constructed between the 1860s and 1880s. The building is of local aesthetic significance as an example of a late Victorian rendered terrace constructed between the 1860s and late 1880s. The building significantly retains its original form, scale and fabric including projecting party walls and chimney, rendered facades and details, roof form, dormers and brackets, open verandah, pattern of openings and associated details. The building is enhanced by a garden setting and front fence and with the adjoined terraces (Nos. 7 and 11) makes a high contribution to the Thames Street streetscape.

Note: This inventory sheet is not intended to be a definitive study of the heritage item, therefore information may not be accurate and complete. The information should be regarded as a general guide. Further research is always recommended as part of the preparation of development proposals for heritage items.
Note: There are incomplete details for a number of items listed in NSW. The Heritage Branch intends to develop or upgrade statements of significance and other information for these items as resources become available.

Description

Designer/Maker: Possibly James McDonald
Physical description: Single storey plus attic rendered terrace with projecting party walls and chimney and gabled main roof clad in terracotta tiles. Located in the middle of three similar terraces, the main roof also has gable roofed dropped dormer with timber framed double hung window, decorative barge board and bracketed sill and decorative timber brackets to the eave. The party walls and upper façade have decorative rendered details including quoining at the ends of the upper wall. An open verandah with bullnosed roof clad corrugated steel extends between the party walls on the ground floor. The verandah has modern tiles with painted bullnosed stone edge and central cast iron column with cast iron lace valance and brackets. The front façade also has a timber panelled entry door with leaded toplight and rendered moulding over and a pair of timber framed double hung windows with twisted column mullion and rendered bracketed sill also with rendered label mould over. The building is setback from the street frontage which has a palisade gate and fence on a stone base with heavy decorative end piers and stepped party wall along both side boundaries. A brick paved path extends to the front verandah and is bounded by the front garden and low planting.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
In very good condition. Some patching and repair to the stone base of the front fence is evident. The front planting and grasses is overgrown.
Modifications and dates: 2008: Alterations and additions to the rear of an existing dwelling (D/2008/434, CC/2009/111).
Further information: The roof cladding appears to have been replaced at some stage. Modern tiles have been added to the front verandah in addition to a rendered wall to partially conceal the electrical box at the southern end.
Current use: Residential
Former use: Residential

History

Historical notes: Surgeon William Balmain was granted 550 acres and most of the area now encompassing Balmain in 1800. In 1801 the entire grant was transferred to fellow surgeon John Gilchrist. Gilchrist never actually lived in NSW and advertised the land for sale in 1823. However, the sale was not a success. He gave power of attorney to his Sydney-based agent and merchant, Frank Parbury, who commissioned Surveyor John Armstrong to subdivide part of the land. In 1836 22, 2-4 acres lots mostly about Balmain East were auctioned for sale by Parbury on behalf of the absentee landowner, Gilchrist.
One of the first persons to acquire an interest in the Balmain estate was George Cooper, Comptroller of Customs, who initially purchased 23 acres of the choicest land fronting the deep water of Waterview Bay. The land generally extended between Campbell and Mort Streets.
By 1840 Cooper had acquired 30 acres around the Bay. He also purchased Waterview House and associated 10 acre estate to the east of his initial purchase. However, his changing situation forced him to sell the 23 acres in 1840. Cooper later fell victim to the crash of the early 1840s and in 1842 was declared bankrupt. The Waterview Estate was subsequently divided into modest building allotments with very narrow streets (leaving as much land for development) leading down to the bay with its slipway and wharves.
The 23 acres was subdivided into 4 large sections. The subject site is part of 8 acres of the land purchased by M Metcalfe, merchant, in 1840 and subsequently subdivided into a number of allotments along Thames Street. It is not clear when the terraces were constructed, the style would indicate in the late Victorian period. The buildings are shown on a Sydney Water plan dating from the late 1880s (Balmain Sheet No. 15) revised in the 1890s. The plan indicates that the land was subdivided into a number of villa sized allotments. The subject building is clear and is one of three terraces occupying one of these lots. The group are setback from the street frontage with rear wings setback from one of the side boundaries. Small detached outbuildings are also shown in the rear yard.
The terrace is possibly associated with local architect James McDonald who lived in Thames Street.
Since that time a number of changes have been undertaken including additions to the rear wing.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Growth of Balmain-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site and building is of local historic significance as part of an early land purchase and subdivision and Victorian period of development in the local area probably constructed between the 1860s and 1880s.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The site is associated with a number of local land speculators and owners. The design of the terrace has been attributed to local architect James McDonald.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is of local aesthetic significance as an example of a late Victorian rendered terrace constructed between the 1860s and late 1880s. The building significantly retains its original form, scale and fabric including projecting party walls and chimney, rendered facades and details, roof form, dormers and brackets, open verandah, pattern of openings and associated details. The building is enhanced by a garden setting and front fence and with the adjoined terraces (Nos. 7 and 11) makes a high contribution to the Thames Street streetscape.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is a representative example of a late Victorian period rendered terrace constructed prior to the late 1880s.
Integrity/Intactness: High
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

It is recommended that: - the existing scale, character and details of the building including projecting party walls and chimney, rendered facades and associated rendered and decorative details, roof form, dormers and brackets, open vernadah and simple pattern of openings should be retained and conserved; - no new openings should be made to the front facade; - the front verandah should remain open; - any further additions should be restricted to the rear of the building and should not detract from the earlier character of the building or its relationship to the associated group.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan  23 Dec 13   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Leichhardt Municipality Heritage Study1990 McDonald McPhee Pty Ltd (Craig Burton, Wendy Thorp)  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenMax Solling and Peter Reynolds1997Leichhardt: On the Margins of the City

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1940341


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