Newstead | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Newstead

Item details

Name of item: Newstead
Other name/s: Victorian Style, Villa; Windyknowe
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Villa
Primary address: 1 Carlton Street, Arncliffe, NSW 2205
Parish: St George
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Rockdale
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
1 Carlton StreetArncliffeRockdaleSt GeorgeCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

Newstead is a two storey Victorian Italianate villa which is historically significant as part of the original 1885 Seaview Estate, and as representative example of a grand Italianate villa in the Rockdale area, which was built as part of the development of the urban fringe. It has historical associations with Henry and Maude Chilcott (nee Shoobert).
Date significance updated: 07 Sep 10
Note: There are incomplete details for a number of items listed in NSW. The Heritage Division intends to develop or upgrade statements of significance and other information for these items as resources become available.

Description

Construction years: 1889-
Physical description: A two storey, Italianate style Victorian villa with facades facing Carlton Street and Wolli Creek Road. Each elevation has a projecting two storey gable and bay window, with the Carlton Street bay more elaborate of the two. The primary Carlton street elevation has a veranda with cast iron Corinthian veranda columns and is enclosed on the first floor. The secondary elevation also has a veranda enclosed on the first floor with heavy masonry columns that are not original. The windows and doors appear to be original but the original roof has been replaced with concrete tiles.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Dwelling is in reasonable condition. The interior has been completely renovated in recent years. Exterior is lacking in some detail.
Date condition updated:21 May 10
Modifications and dates: The building is currently used as a boarding house and has been modified internally to accommodate this use. The veranda facing Wolli Creek Road is a later addition circa 1920.
Current use: Apartments
Former use: Dwelling.

History

Historical notes: The subject property forms part of land purchased at auction by Joseph John Watts in 1853. The house was built in the late 1880s. By 1890 it was occupied by Henry Frederick Chilcott, his wife Maude and some of their ten children; another two children were born at the subject house in 1890 and 1894 (Sands Directory; NSW Register of Births, Deaths and Marriages). Henry Chilcott was manager of the Scottish Australian Investment Company and sub-manager of the Scottish-Australian Mining Company. Maude (born Matilda) Jemima Julia Chilcott (nee Shoobert) was the daughter of James Shoobert, a retired sea captain and mining pioneer who owned the Mount Keira mine near Wollongong (‘Mount Keira: History’, Wollongong City Council, , 16th August 2010).
The Chilcotts named the house Windyknowe. Maude Chilcott while in residence at the subject house in 1905 (‘Deaths’, SMH, 17 April 1905); her husband in 1920 (‘Deaths’, SMH, 22 January 1920), ending the Chilcott occupation of Windyknowe. The next occupant was Peter Bell Ritchie and his wife Sarah Caroline (nee Mansfield), who lived there from the 1920s until c1935, when Peter Ritchie died (‘Deaths’, SMH, 27 August 1935). By 1944 the occupants were William Thomas Willington and his wife Ada (‘Public Notices’, SMH, 23 August 1944). Ada Willington was credited with establishing the Arncliffe Branch of the Red Cross, of which she was president, in 1911 (Geeves & Jervis, Rockdale: Its Beginning and Development, p 144).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages On the Urban Fringe - Villas-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This 1889 villa is historically significant as part of the Seaview Estate which was auctioned in 1885 and as part of the development of the urban fringe in the Rockdale area.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The house is associated with Henry Frederick Chilcott manager of the Scottish Australian Investment Company and sub-manager of the Scottish-Australian Mining Company and Maude (born Matilda) Jemima Julia Chilcott (nee Shoobert) the daughter of James Shoobert, a retired sea captain and mining pioneer who owned the Mount Keira mine near Wollongong.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Newstead is aesthetically significant as a two storey Victorian Italianate villa with projecting bay windows and sandstone wall. It has remnant planting of a palm tree at the front.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Does not meet this criterion.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Newstead is a good representative example of a grand, two-storey Victorian Italianate villa located on the urban fringe of the Rockdale area.
Integrity/Intactness: Some architectural details are missing from exterior however the building is largely intact externally.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental Plan  25 Aug 00 109 
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Rockdale Heritage Inventory Review2010 Louise Thom  Yes

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2330009


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