Former Csr Tablet House Ncluding Interiors

Item details

Name of item: Former Csr Tablet House Ncluding Interiors
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Commercial
Category: Warehouse/storage area
Primary address: 29 Refinery Drive, Pyrmont, NSW 2009
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
29 Refinery DrivePyrmontSydney  Primary Address
60 Bowman StreetPyrmontSydney  Alternate Address

Statement of significance:

The building dates from one of the key period of layers for the development of CSR. It is a good example of a Federation warehouse which makes a positive contribution to the streetscape.
The former Tablet House is an early 20th century industrial building which is associated with the former CSR Company, an institution of national significance. It has an unusual structural system which combines a perimeter, cast iron lintels integral with windows, and external brick walls. The internal structure is also of significance , the cast iron columns apparently part of a standard component system. The former Tablet house is visually prominent on the former CSR site, and despite the loss of its equipment retains some ability to demonstrate its former use as a factory for the familiar sugar products golden syrup and loaf sugar.
Date significance updated: 09 Jan 12
Note: There are incomplete details for a number of items listed in NSW. The Heritage Branch intends to develop or upgrade statements of significance and other information for these items as resources become available.

Description

Construction years: 1908-1908
Physical description: The building is constructed of unpainted common brickwork walls and painted cast iron windows. The lintels above the window openings are also of iron and are incorporated into the windows. On the western side, 2 openings origianlly had sliding doors to a former external stair; at ground level 4 former windows have been altered to doors. 2 windows on the eastern side have been replaced with timber framed windows. Many of the windows have been reglazed from the inside (most of the original glazing was from the outside of the window frames).

The roof consists of 2 gable ended sections with a large cast iron box gutter between. The main entrance doors at ground floor level were of timeber sheet over with steel on the outside. In the eastern walls, later openings had been made to connect to adjacnet buildings, most now demolished.

The building has been adaptively converted to residential and now forms part of the Jacksons Landing Development.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
In good condition having been recentky refurbished and restored.
Date condition updated:11 Aug 06
Modifications and dates: 1908 and c2000.
Further information: Heritage Inventory sheets are often not comprehensive, and should be regarded as a general guide only. Inventory sheets are based on information available, and often do not include the social history of sites and buildings. Inventory sheets are constantly updated by the City as further information becomes available. An inventory sheet with little information may simply indicate that there has been no building work done to the item recently: it does not mean that items are not significant. Further research is always recommended as part of preparation of development proposals for heritage items, and is necessary in preparation of Heritage Impact Assessments and Conservation Management Plans, so that the significance of heritage items can be fully assessed prior to submitting development applications.
Former use: Industrial

History

Historical notes: The "Eora people" was the name given to the coastal Aborigines around Sydney. Central Sydney is therefore often referred to as "Eora Country". Within the City of Sydney local government area, the traditional owners are the Cadigal and Wangal bands of the Eora. There is no written record of the name of the language spoken and currently there are debates as whether the coastal peoples spoke a separate language "Eora" or whether this was actually a dialect of the Dharug language. Remnant bushland in places like Blackwattle Bay retain elements of traditional plant, bird and animal life, including fish and rock oysters.

With the invasion of the Sydney region, the Cadigal and Wangal people were decimated but there are descendants still living in Sydney today. All cities include many immigrants in their population. Aboriginal people from across the state have been attracted to suburbs such as Pyrmont, Balmain, Rozelle, Glebe and Redfern since the 1930s. Changes in government legislation in the 1960s provided freedom of movement enabling more Aboriginal people to choose to live in Sydney.

(Information sourced from Anita Heiss, "Aboriginal People and Place", Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City http://www.cityofsydney.nsw.gov.au/barani )

The first land grants were made in 1794 to John Malone (24 acres) and William Mitchell (18 acres) and in 1795 to Thomas Jones (55 acres). John Macarthur acquired the portion originally granted to Thomas Jones in 1799 and this eventually became the Pyrmont Estate but remained largely undeveloped. The area was named in 1806 after a popular German spa near Hanover. Following Macarthur’s death in 1834, the first plans for subdivision were proposed by his son Edward in London 1836. These were deemed unsuitable and a second plan of 101 lots was devised in 1839. By 1843, most lots south of John Street and some to the north had been sold or leased and developed for residential use. John William Russell, a Sydney shipbuilder, purchased 2 lots fronting Pyrmont Bay and constructed a shipyard, and similarly shipbuilder Thomas Chowne leased lots fronting Johnstons Bay. In 1844 Pyrmont was incorporated into the City of Sydney and the early 1850’s saw a number of major developments in Pyrmont and also in Ultimo to a lesser extent.

In 1853, the Sydney Railway Company resumed 14½ acres of the Ultimo Estate for a railway line to and with a terminus at Darling Harbour. Also in 1853 Charles Saunders purchased land from the Harris family for a sandstone quarry on the northwest side of the peninsula. This developed into a substantial operation including a causeway to Darling Island and supplying stone for the construction of a number of major buildings in Sydney including the University of Sydney, Colonial Secretary’s Building, Lands Department, General Post Office, and other buildings in Melbourne, New Zealand, Fiji and Canada. Other industries established in the area at the time included an iron foundry. The first Pyrmont Bridge c1858 (a timber toll bridge from Market Street) stimulated further development in the area. The first school in the area located in Mount Street was opened in 1858 and around the same time a Police Station, Presbyterian and Catholic Churches were established. A bridge was constructed in from Pyrmont to Glebe across Johnstons Bay c1860.There was significant industrial growth in the area in the 1870’s including the City Iron Works and the Colonial Sugar Refinery Company (CSR) in 1878. By the early 1880’s Union Square was established as a commercial centre and by 1900 most residential development had ceased by which time the Pyrmont and Ultimo Power Houses had opened and the new Pyrmont Bridge had been constructed. Most development in the 20th century was commercial and industrial and included additional woolstores, Pyrmont Incinerator (1934) , flour mills (1940), additional power stations (1955) and the Government Printing Office (1960’s).

The Colonial Sugar Refinery (CSR) was established in January 1855. Its refinery operations commenced in Sydney during that year using the former Brisbane Distillery in Chippendale. In 1870 the company established ist first sugar mills on the Macleay and Clarence Rivers in northern NSW, and then expanded into Queensland and Fiji in 1881. The Melbourne refinery was built in 1874 and others followed in Auckland (1883). Adelaide (1891) and Brisbane (1893). By 1900 CSR had extablished a near monopoly on the Australasian sugar market with 5 refineries and 13 raw sugar mills.

The former Tablet House was designed in August 1909 by CSR's own engineers which generally shows the building in its current form. It was adaptively converted as part of the Jacksons Landing development in around 2000.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Industry-Activities associated with the manufacture, production and distribution of goods (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The building has historic significance as it dates from the key period of development of CSR and demonstrates the manufacturing of Australian sugar products which was of National significance in the development of Australia.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The building is associated with CSR and the development of the sugar industry in Australia.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building has aesthetic significance as a good example of a Federation warehouse and demonstrates considerable technical innovation in its structural system.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The building is rare.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is a representative example of a Federation warehouse building found in the inner suburbs of Sydney.
Integrity/Intactness: High externally
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

The building should be retained and conserved. A Heritage Assessment and Heritage Impact Statement, or a Conservation Management Plan, should be prepared for the building prior to any major works being undertaken. There shall be no vertical additions to the building and no alterations to the façade of the building other than to reinstate original features. The principal room layout and planning configuration as well as significant internal original features including ceilings, cornices, joinery, flooring and fireplaces should be retained and conserved. Any additions and alterations should be confined to the rear in areas of less significance, should not be visibly prominent and shall be in accordance with the relevant planning controls.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanSydney LEP 2012I126814 Dec 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Pyrmont/Ultimo Heritage Study1990 Anglin Associates  No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenAnita Heiss Aboriginal People and Place, Barani: Indigenous History of Sydney City
WrittenDepartment of Environment and Heritage1998Australian Heritage Database
WrittenOrwell & Peter Phillips1998Conservation Management Plan

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 2424792


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