Heritage

Campbelltown Railway Station Group

Item details

Name of item: Campbelltown Railway Station Group
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Hurley Street, Campbelltown, NSW 2560
Local govt. area: Campbelltown

Boundary:

North-West: 5 metres past the edge of Platform 1 South-East: The edge of the rail corridor parallel to Hurley Street (excluding bus stand) North-East: 5 metres past the edge of Platforms 1- 2, including the signal box South-West: 5 metres past the edge of Platform 1- 2
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Hurley StreetCampbelltownCampbelltown   Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Campbelltown Railway Station has local historic significance as an early station site in NSW established during the first phase of railway construction in the 1850s. The site is significant as the terminus of the Main South Line from 1858 - 1862, and was the only station constructed along the line from Liverpool, demonstrating the rural nature of the area, with no interconnecting stations constructed until the 1880s. The original station building was demolished for duplication of the line in the 1890s, and replaced by the extant ‘Third Class’ station building on Platform 1- 2. Despite modern development, the 1890s station building is largely intact and remains as an historic landmark in the local area, demonstrating typical railway design of the late 19th Century. The various changes to the station demonstrate its evolution from a rural railway station to a suburban service and reflect the growth and change of the local area.

The Campbelltown signal box has technical and aesthetic significance as the first signal box in NSW which employed route set relay interlocking machines and was amongst the first signal boxes to be designed by architects rather than conforming to a standard design by railway staff, marking a change in design policy.
Date significance updated: 03 Nov 09
Note: There are incomplete details for a number of items listed in NSW. The Heritage Branch intends to develop or upgrade statements of significance and other information for these items as resources become available.

Description

Designer/Maker: NSW Government Railways
Builder/Maker: William Randle/T. Quiggan
Construction years: 1891-1968
Physical description: BUILDINGS
Platform Building, Platform 1-2 (Type 4) (c.1890, extended c1986 and c1995)
Platform Building, Platform 3-4 (c. 1996)
Overhead Booking Office, (c.1996)
Signal Box, (1968)

STRUCTURES
Platforms: Platform 1- 2, (c.1924) - Platform 3, (c.1924) - Platform 4, (c.1924)
Canopies, (1996)
Footbridge, (1968, 1996)

CONTEXT
Campbelltown Railway Station caters to suburban, intercity and interstate services. The station has four platforms, buildings on all the platforms, a signal box, a footbridge which accommodates a concourse, lifts, ticket barriers and an overhead booking office. It is accessed by the footbridge from Farrow Road and Hurley Street. There is a lot of surface parking available in the surrounding area, which also has considerable amount of institutional and commercial activity.

PLATFORM BUILDING - Platform 1- 2 (c1890, extended c1986 and c1995)
Original Building (c1890)
External: The original 1890s structure is a large single-storey Victorian Italianate Station Building, which has been extended to the south with a two-storey addition. Starting from the north end of building the first roof is a transverse gable roof, the second is a hipped roof with a semi-circular vaulted skylight over its ridge, the third is a gabled roof over the central portion of the original building and lastly there are remnants of a transverse gable roof which covered the original lamp room. The roof is clad in corrugated steel and features timber finials and timber bargeboards to the gable ends.

The original building is an exposed, common bond brickwork building which has been painted. The original building has brick on edge, rendered and painted, window sills resting on cement bracket mouldings. The door openings are segmental arches with rendered architraves which are either fitted with timber framed, timber doors with segmental arch glazed fanlights, timber doors with no fanlights or fanlights that have been painted over. Window openings have segmental arch with timber framed, vertical sliding windows and rendered architraves.

The east facade of the central part of the original building has awnings supported by original cast iron posts with Corinthian capitals, and decorative cast iron and bowed steel brackets. The corresponding part of the building along the western facade has cantilevered awnings supported in cast iron brackets. Cantilevered awnings with the same details are also used for part of the east facade of the original building and the corresponding western facade has cantilevered awnings supported on steel angles embedded in the station building brick walls. The roof of all the awnings is corrugated steel. The southern end of the original building has been modified externally.

Internal: The building initially comprised of a central part that had general, ladies and gentleman’s waiting areas. To the north side of this central portion was a toilet block which included a ladies lavatory, a cleaner’s area and a urinals area, and to the south was a yard and lamp room. Currently the building retains the central portion as a waiting room with attached male and female public toilets. The northern end of the building has a control room and an information counter. Only the façade of the southern lamp room remains which has been incorporated within the modern additions.

The original building has been altered considerably but it retains some original cornices and joinery in the general waiting area, the attached public toilets, the control room and information counter area.

Additions to the Platform Building (c1986 and c1995)
External: The additions to the Platform 1-2 Building are two-storey constructed in a sensitive and sympathetic manner such that it adopts the architectural language of the original building. The façade of the original 1890s lamp room is incorporated into part of the building. A newer corrugated iron gabled roof has been added over the portion of the building which initially included the 1890s yard and the lamp room. The newer building has a gable roof with square, opaque, acrylic skylights.

The building is similarly an exposed, stretcher bond brickwork building which has also been painted in the same colours as the original building. The window sills of the new building have the same profile as the sills of the original building, the only difference being that the newer ones are made of concrete. The new building also has clerestory aluminium winding windows. Window and door arches are also similar to original building.

The building has cantilevered awnings to both its east and west facades, with standard bowed steel brackets supported on decorative cement haunches and bolt fixings to the station building brick walls.

Internal: The modern additions comprises of the station manager’s office, station staff lounge and locker areas, train crew rest areas and a training centre.

PLATFORM BUILDING - Platform 3 - 4 (c1996)
External: The building is a contemporary plasterboard structure which has two corrugated steel, gable roofs which are separated by a corrugated steel, flat roof. Corrugated steel cantilevered awnings are integrated with the roofs of the building. The building has timber framed, flat panel doors, aluminium framed clerestory windows and a few rolled steel shutter windows of varying sizes. It is currently used as a control room and as a staff lounge area with kitchen and toilet facilities.

Internal: The building has carpeted and vinyl floors and plasterboard ceilings.

OVERHEAD BOOKING OFFICE & STATION CONCOURSE (c1996)
The overhead booking office is a contemporary structure located at the concourse level on the footbridge. The booking office, along with the main concourse that accommodates ticket barriers and a newsagents shop is part of a larger, oblong, reinforced concrete building which has an exposed brick under-structure at the level of the platform, and aluminium panels covering its north, east and west ends at the concourse level. The booking office is similarly covered with aluminium panels and has two ticket counter windows. The newsagent occupies the space next to the booking office and has steel roller shutters to its front.

SIGNAL BOX (1968)
External: The signal box is an overhead, octagonal shaped building located above the northern end of Platform 1-2. It is accessed from the concourse level of the station through a door from the side of the booking office. Stairs that wrap around the back of the booking office lead up to signal box control room. The signal box has unobstructed views in all directions and has aluminium framed sashless windows. It has a balcony with a reinforced concrete floor slab and painted steel handrails which follow the profile of the octagonal building, and a corrugated iron octagonal roof with circular aluminium gutters.

Internal: The ceiling comprises of radial timber beams and timber veneer panels that cover the concrete undersides of the roof. The signal box is operational and contains its original push type 'route' set relay interlocking machine.

PLATFORMS (c1924)
Platform 1 (Up) and Platform 2 (Up) have in-situ concrete faces and together they form an island platform arrangement. Platform 3 (Down) is a wayside platform with a pre-cast concrete face. Platform 4 (Down) is a terminating platform and it also has a pre-cast concrete face. All the platforms have asphalt surfaces.

CANOPIES (1996)
There are modern gable and flat roof canopies on Platforms 1, 2 3 and 4. Canopies to the northern end of the platforms have an alternating gable and flat roof profile and are made of corrugated steel resting on a system of steel beams and columns which have a concrete footing. The canopy at the southern end of Platform 3 and 4 is a cantilevered, flat roof structure supported on square steel columns. At the southern end of Platform 1 and 2 is a corrugated steel gable roof cantilevered canopy supported on steel beams and central columns.

FOOTBRIDGE (1968, 1996)
The footbridge is a contemporary steel beam structure which connects either sides of the station horizontally above the tracks and vertically by three lifts that are incorporated within the expanse of the footbridge. The main section of the footbridge leading to the concourse has a gable roof and the stairs leading down to the platforms have stretches of gable, transverse gable and skillion roofs. All the roofs are made of corrugated steel supported in steel columns and beams. The footbridge has steel handrails.

ARCHAEOLOGICAL POTENTIAL
There is some archaeological potential that the 1858 platform remains intact underneath later platform finishes. The platform was extended in c.1920 and the platform extension may have incorporated the original platform.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
PLATFORM BUILDING (Platform 1-2)
The original section of the building is in good condition externally and internally. The later section appears in good condition.

PLATFORM BUILDING (Platform 3-4)
The building is in a good condition.

OVERHEAD BOOKING OFFICE
The building and concourse are in good condition.

SIGNAL BOX
It is in a good condition. No immediate repairs or maintenance required.

PLATFORMS
In good condition

CANOPIES
In good condition

FOOTBRIDGE
In good condition
Date condition updated:06 Jul 09
Modifications and dates: 1879: New lamp room constructed and an additional veranda fixed to the station.
1891: Duplication of line, and construction of new station.
1911: Air-gas plant installed for lighting the station.
1922: Electric lighting installed.
1924: Platform and awning provided for Camden line.
1967: Railway electrified.
1968: Original 1858 Station building demolished. New overhead booking office, signal box and footbridge to northern end of platforms; original footbridge to southern end of platforms demolished
1986: New amenities building erected south of original building
1996: Station upgrade program; new building built on Platform 3 and 4; concourse, booking office
2010: New staff footbridge constructed in yard as part of South Sydney Freight Line (outside curtilage)
Current use: Railway Station
Former use: Nil

History

Historical notes: After completion of the initial rail line from Sydney to Parramatta, work soon proceeded on the Main South line from Granville Junction to Goulburn. The first section from Granville to Liverpool was constructed quickly over easy terrain and was opened on 26 September 1856. Campbelltown was reached in 1858, that section opening on 17 May 1858. The contractor for the railway from Liverpool to Campbelltown, William Randle, constructed a platform and brick building at Campbelltown on the Down side of the line. This line was constructed as a rural railway and had no suburban purpose until well into the twentieth century. Its stations served what were then rural settlements and only later were adapted as commuter stations. This opened with the line in 1858. Duplication of the line on 27 March 1891 resulted in the addition of an island platform and new station buildings constructed by T. Quiggan. In the early 1920s a branch line was constructed to Camden and a platform was added at Campbelltown for this service.

In the 1960s, as a result of major urban growth in Campbelltown and electrification of the line, the station was significantly upgraded. The 1858 building was demolished in c.1968 for a new structure on the Down platform. A new overhead booking office and signal box were also built (Tony Prescott, 2009).

The signal box was one of the first not built as a standard design as was the general railway practice prior to 1960s. This box was instead designed by external architects: Davey, Brindley and Vickery Architects and Town Planners of North Sydney. This resulted in a unique building design. The box also reflected technological advancements with the first push button type 'route set relay interlocking' machines in NSW. This was a change from the relay interlocking systems that had been in use since 1937. The original equipment remains in the box.

The station was further altered in 1986, with the construction of a large two-storey addition adjacent to the 1890s station building. The 1986 addition was built completely separate from the 1891 structure in a sympathetic style. It is not clear if the 1968 Down side platform building was replaced at this point or in c1995. The station was further upgraded in c.1995 with a modern overhead concourse connected to the platforms by lifts. Further modifications also connected the original 1891 and 1986 buildings, but also retained part of the gabled façade of an 1890s detached wing (Paul Davies P/L, 2009).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Communication-Activities relating to the creation and conveyance of information Signalling and safe working-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Impacts of railways on urban form-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Campbelltown Railway Station is historically significant as one of the earliest railway stations established during the first phase of NSW railway construction in the 1850s. At the time of its construction Campbelltown Railway Station was the only station on the section of the Main South Line constructed between Liverpool and Campbelltown with no interconnecting stations until the 1880s - when stations like Ingleburn were established. The station was the terminus of the Main South Line from 1858 - 1862, until extended through to Menangle.

The existing 1890s station building demonstrates this early phase of railway operations associated with the 1890s duplication of the line. The various changes to the station demonstrate its evolution from a rural railway station to a suburban service and reflect the growth and change of the local area. However the platform building on Platform 3 - 4, the footbridge, overhead booking office and canopies are modern additions which detract from the historical character of the station.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The site is associated with the first period of Engineer-in-Chief (1856-1890), John Whitton's career in NSW and his achievements in extending the Main Southern Line into the interior of NSW. The site is also associated with William Randle who was contracted to build the Liverpool to Campbelltown section of the South Line and was also responsible for the completion of the first rail line between Redfern and Parramatta in 1855.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Campbelltown Railway Station has aesthetic significance for its 1890s ‘Third Class’ station building which has most of its architectural features and details intact. The varied roof forms, the awning supported on original cast iron posts with Corinthian capitals, decorative cast iron and bowed steel brackets and decorative interiors contribute to this significance. The form, fabric and detailing of this building characterises the type of construction and Victorian Italianate architectural style employed in late 19th century railway station buildings in the Sydney region. Despite modern development, the 1890s station building is largely intact and remains as an historic landmark in the local area.

The signal box at Campbelltown has local technical significance as it was the first signal box in NSW which employed push button type 'route set relay interlocking' machines (relay interlocking had been in use since 1937 but at Campbelltown it was the first use as a route set type) which still remain in the box, demonstrating the evolution of railway signalling technology. It also has aesthetic significance as unlike previous signal boxes it was designed by an architect and not by Signal and Telegraph staff, and is of interest in terms of its unique design.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has the potential to contribute to the local community's sense of place, and can provide a connection to the local community's past.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The signal box is architecturally a unique example as it was not built to a standard design, although it has some similarities in design with other signal box in the Sydney Metropolitan region.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The ‘Third Class’ station building at Campbelltown, despite alterations and the addition of the new but sympathetically designed building to its south end, has remained largely intact externally and is therefore a good representation of its type demonstrating typical railway design of the late 19th Century.
Integrity/Intactness: The modern additions to Campbelltown Station have impacted on the overall integrity of the station group. However the integrity of the platform building on Platforms 1-2 and the sympathetic additions made to it as well as the integrity of the signal box enable the significance of the station to be interpreted.

PLATFORM BUILDING (Platform 1-2)
The building has been modified externally and internally, but its external fabric is relatively intact. Although the interiors have been compromised to a great extent, there are some original interior elements intact namely window and door joinery, and cornices in the majority of the original building.

SIGNAL BOX
The signal box is a relatively intact condition, although some minor alterations have been made to its exterior in terms of the aluminium circular gutters.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage registerSRA s.170 Register    

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA83, SRA611 (Footbridge)State Rail Authority  No
S170 Heritage & Conservation Register Update2009 OCP Architects  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenJohn Forsyth2007New South Wales Railway Stations: an alphabetical arrangement of railway station and place names
WrittenPaul Davies Pty Ltd2009Campbelltown Heritage Study
WrittenRobert Lee1988The Greatest Public Work: the New South Wales railways 1848 to 1889
WrittenTony Prescott2009Historical Research for RailCorp's S170 Update Project

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4801083


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