|Designer/Maker: ||George Cowdery (and other railway departments/engineers, for later phases of development) |
|Builder/Maker: ||George Fishburn (and other railway departments/engineers, for later phases of development) |
|Construction years: ||1882-1897 |
|Physical description: ||CONTEXT
The Eveleigh Railway Workshops complex is located in the inner city immediately to the south of Sydney's CBD and Central Station. It is comprised of two main building groups known as the Carriage Workshops (now known as Carriageworks) and the Locomotive Workshops, which are situated on either side of the main southern and western rail lines, between Redfern, Erskineville and Macdonaldtown Stations and between Darlington to the north and Alexandria to the south. The site is mostly made up of industrial railway buildings, offices and infrastructure related to its historic use as a carriage and locomotive building and maintaining workshops. The site’s immediate surroundings contain densely developed residential suburbs, typically situated within a number of heritage conservation areas, and mixed commercial and industrial areas (DCMP 2002).
The area bounded by Wilson Street and the rail corridor and associated with the Carriage Workshop building, also including the former Macdonaldtown gasworks site, is referred to as the ‘North Eveleigh Precinct’. The area on the other side of the rail corridor associated with the Locomotive Workshops is referred to as the ‘South Eveleigh Precinct’, within which the Australian Technology Park site (ATP) is situated (though ATP is not railway owned and not included in this listing). The area between the North and South sides is the railway corridor and has 6 running lines, some small hut structures and dives.
NORTH EVELEIGH PRECINCT – BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES
Information used here is sourced from the Draft Conservation Management Plan (Otto Csehalmi & Partners, 2002) and the North Eveleigh Concept Plan Heritage Impact Statement (Weir & Philips, 2014). See full reports for further details.
Items of Exceptional Significance
N3: Carriage Workshops (1887): The masonry load-bearing walls are laid in English bond with semi-circular arches of white brick and sandstone sills and ridge capping. The roof is iron and steel roof trusses and clad with corrugated iron. The original form of the building and its original brickwork survive, though it has been adapted for modern use.
N4: Paint Shop (1887): A large single storey building containing 8 roads in the brick section and 5 roads in the adjacent metal clad section. Each road is separated by a single row of cast iron columns which support the saw tooth south light roof.
N6: Chief Mechanical Engineers Office (1887, plus later additions): A large two-storey building constructed of brick. Externally the building is almost unaltered since the 1920s and includes the original 1887, 1900 and 1920 stages. Internally the building has been largely altered with later office partitioning and modern ceilings, though some original features remain. Also associated moveable relics – see below.
N5: Scientific Services Building No 1 (and addition – Little Significance) (1916/1969): This two storey building is constructed of cavity face brickwork. It is rectangular in plan. The roof has a hipped, gabled form with a double transverse gable clad in terracotta tiles. Most internal equipment has been removed.
N12: Fan of Tracks (1884): Associated with the northeast elevation of the Paint Shop. Provides a rail interface between the open areas of the site, the buildings, and their various functions.
N24: Traverser No 1 (1901) (trolley replaced 1971 - Moderate): Runs on six rails between the Paint Shop and the Carriage Shops.
N25: Traverser No 2 (1901) (trolley replaced 1971 - Moderate): Runs on six rails between the Carriage Shops and the Former Timber Store, which is no longer extant. It has one axle at the rear which is connected to the driving mechanism and the six wheels at the front run on stub axles which are supported with massive brackets either side of the wheel.
Items of High Significance
N13: Brick Retaining Wall (pre 1887): The site is delineated by a high bank running from the western end of Wilson Street to the former pedestrian entry opposite Ivy Street. Sections of this bank have brick retaining walls consisting mostly of English bonded brickwork in some sections over 4 metres in high. The retaining wall forms the northern wall of some structures along Wilson Street.
N2: Blacksmith's Workshop (1907): This one storey building is approximately 160 metres long and 20 metres wide with a steel framed structure supporting steel roof trusses. The roof is corrugated steel. The floor is concrete/dirt. The building is open completely to the south but protected by a 3 metre wide awning for much of its length. Most of the northern wall consists of a retaining wall to Wilson Street.
N7: Telecommunications Equipment Centre (c1912): The walls are solid English bonded brickwork. The roof material retains its corrugated iron but modern translucent sheets have replaced the ‘patent glazing’ shown on the plans. The interior plan layout is almost exactly like the 1912 plan with only minor changes such as the removal of the central walls in the Test Room and the Foreman’s Office and a new opening in the south wall to provide undercover access to the original external toilet block.
N27: Gasometre (1892): Remaining at the west end of Eveleigh is one of two former gasometres from the MacDonaldtown Gas Works. The remaining gasometre is a large circular dome-shaped bell that fits between a ring of columns rising about 20 feet above the earth. The bell itself sits in a hole extending approximately 20 feet below the ground and is about 60 feet in diameter.
Items of Moderate Significance
N1: Clothing Store (General Store) (1913): The rectangular, two-storey, gable ended building is of masonry construction with brickwork laid in English Bond. The gable-ended facades are articulated by recessed panels of brickwork, the central one topped with a semi-circular arch, and are topped by high parapets. The building is largely intact, with some external additions and original windows replaced with aluminium windows.
N10: Reclamation Shed (c1937): A shed approximately 54 m long x 6.5 m wide, housing a class 3 1.5 ton crane. The existing structure conforms to the 1937 drawing.
N11: Air Raid Shelters - North (1942): A WWII 70 metre long concrete shelter built into the embankment adjacent to Wilson Street. (Note: Air Raid Shelters in South Eveleigh site assessed as 'high' significance’, due to degree of intactness and size).
N15: Compressor House (1913): A simple, single storeyed structure with four large King post timber roof trusses. The walls and roof are sheeted with corrugated metal. The louvred paned sashes in the eastern gable are early while the large timber hopper windows are likely to date from the 1950s.
N16: Paint Shop Extension/Suburban Car Workshops (c1912): Large, rectangular building regularly articulated with sawtooth roof bays running east west. Translucent skylight panels are mounted in each sawtooth. The steel-framed structure is generally clad and roofed with corrugated iron sheets. It has a concrete slab floor and foundations and timber framed windows to the northern façade. The southern wall of the building is shared with the original Paint Shop wall immediately adjacent.
N26: Overhead Footbridge remains (c1914): Linked Wilson Street to Carriage Works site and across the main line to the Locomotive Workshop. Remnants include: cobble stones at Wilson Street entry; sandstone retaining walls and brick wall of the ramp area; railway sleeper balustrade posts; and fine brick pylons adjacent to and between the main railway tracks.
Items of Little Significance
N8: Pedestrian Entry, Observation Platform & Substation (2006)
N9: Spring Store remains (Bulk Store) (1915)
N17: Fire Protection and Drug Analysis Building (1981)
N18: Emergency Services Vehicle Shed (1970-1991)
N19: Outward Parcels Depot/Trackfast Depot (1956)
N20: Asbestos Removal Unit (1970)
N21: Scientific Services Building No 2 (1966)
N22: Outbuildings (c1912/1970)
N23: Carpenters, Plumbers and Food Distribution Building (1981)
SOUTH EVELEIGH PRECINCT – BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES
Information used here is sourced from the South Eveleigh Heritage Assessment (Futurepast Heritage Consulting, 2015). See full report for more details.
Items of High Significance:
S38: Large Erecting Shop (1898-1906): Rectangular building, approximately 185 metres in length (running east-west) and 36 metres in width, formed as two parallel bays with gable roofs. It has brick masonry load-bearing walls laid in English bond with double semi-circular arched windows in corbelled and polychrome brickwork. Internally, cast-iron columns support steel roof trusses clad with corrugated metal sheets and clear alsynite panels and overhead cranes run the length of both bays.
S33: Air raid shelters - South (c1942): A continuous row of rectangular, reinforced concrete rooms built with their rear against an embankment and their southern frontage facing the workshop buildings. The southern façade is punctuated by over 12 door openings, with some infilled. There are no doors to the shelters and it is presumed that the original right-angled blast-walls that would have sheltered the door openings have all been removed. The roof of the shelters is framed by a parapet of timber sleepers. These shelters are a much larger sample than those on the south side and in a better condition/intactness.
Items of Moderate Significance:
S15: Sand tower (1943 – 1949; relocated 1966): The tower consists of a large welded steel cylindrical tank with a conical hopper base, from which large flexible hoses hang down to near ground level, over a single rail track siding. Below the tank, and above the rail track, a steel portal frame carries a corrugated steel gable roof and side wall cladding.
S18: South-western Turntable (1891 or 1925): New pit, drive and annular rail in 1965/66. The turntable spans 75 feet and is comprised of a large concrete-lined circular basin with a raised central cone, on which a riveted plate web girder bridge carrying a pair of rails revolves.
S19: Office and Amenities (1965-1970): Rectangular two-storey building. Concrete post and beam frame, with brick cladding and a flat roof behind an encircling parapet. The building adjoins the workshop building on its north and east sides.
S20: Eveleigh Maintenance Centre (1962-1966): Constructed of precast, exposed-aggregate concrete cladding panels on a steel portal frame, with corrugated steel sheet roofing.
S28: Substation and First Aid Building (c1965): Single storey brick building of a tapering rectangular shape, fitted into the area at the western end of the Office and Amenities Building. It has a flat roof, with plain bargeboards around the parapet.
S29: Xplorer - Endeavour Service Centre administration building (1965): A two storey brick building that is largely rectangular but tapers towards the southwest end. It has metal-framed windows and doors, and a flat concrete roof. The interior of the building is fitted out as administrative/office space.
S30: Xplorer - Endeavour Service Centre warehouse (early 20thC): A steel framed warehouse with the side walls formed by the two adjacent buildings and end walls of corrugated steel, with a west-facing sawtooth roof comprising nine sections.
S31: Xplorer - Endeavour Service Centre (1899, altered 1919, 1964): A steel-framed, single storey building clad in profiled aluminium sheeting with a gabled roof. The columns support a large riveted plate-web girder carrying the overhead travelling crane track. The roof is clad in corrugated steel sheeting, with polycarbonate sheet skylights that run perpendicular to the roof ridge.
S32: Compressor House (1914, reclad 1960s): A large, timber framed, steel sheet clad building attached as a lean-to on the northern side of the Xplorer – Endeavour Service Centre building. The northern side of the building is clad in profiled steel sheeting, while the remaining three sides are clad in irregular-sized corrugated steel sheets. The roof structure consists of exposed timber trusses and purlins, which is likely the only original building material present. On either side of the Compressor House are smaller awning structures, the larger of which shelters the effluent water treatment plant.
S34: Eveleigh Yard Subway (1925-1927): The subway is a rectangular tunnel 80 metres in length, running below the rail tracks between the Carriage Workshops and the Loco Workshops at Eveleigh. Walls are brick lined and the floor and ceiling are concrete. Both ends are accessed by a flight of brick steps from ground level and there is one flight of steps within the tunnel, near the southern end.
Items of Little Significance:
S1: Communications and Control systems office (c1980s)
S2: Storage Shelter (c2000)
S3: Communication and control systems office (c2000)
S4: Communication and control systems office (c1980s)
S5: Railway signalling operations group (x3 buildings) (c. 1990-2000s)
S6: ESL Signals/Communications Substation (c1990s)
S7: Site security Gatehouse (c2003)
S8: Civil and mains depot office (1990s)
S9: Storage shed (1990s)
S10: Storage shed (1990s)
S11: Storage shed (1990s)
S12: Open shelter (1990s)
S13: Open shelter (1960s)
S14: Erskineville substation (2006-7)
S16: Garage (c1990s)
S17: Storage shed (c1990s)
S21: Car Port (c2005)
S22: Telecommunications building (c1990)
S23: Office and car port (2009-2011)
S24: Welding qualifications centre (1965-1970)
S25: Gas Tank Shelter (2013)
S26: Eveleigh maintenance centre substation (2013)
S27: Train Washing shed (1965)
S35: Xplorer and Endeavour Service Centre Office (1965)
S36: Remnant footings of Car-cleaning Shed (1965)
S37: Memorial Plaques (1925-1927)
RAIL CORRIDOR – BUILDINGS & STRUCTURES
Items of High Significance
C10: Engine Dive & Vents (x 6)
Items of Moderate Significance
C5: Down Illawarra Dive (c1920)
C6: Up Illawarra Dive (c1920)
C9: Elstons Sidings and Buffers
Items of Little Significance
C1: Signalling Hut
C2: Shunter’s Hut
C3: Sectioning Hut (west)
C4: Sectioning Hut (east)
C7: Signalling Equipment Room
C8: Former Signal Depot Office
North Eveleigh Precinct
- Items associated with the CME’s Building: toilet bowl with counterweight seat, wall mirror frame, timber plan cabinet, 6 draws. Extant 2011.
- Roof trusses from Carriageworks building (near fan of tracks area).
- Second pivot crane relocated from South Eveleigh for static display. Located outside Carriageworks building on Wilson Street side.
South Eveleigh Precinct
- Air Compressor - Ingersoll Rand (1914) (Fair) (High Significance)
- Air Compressor – Thompson Castlemaine (1954) (Fair) (Moderate Significance)
- Air Compressor - Thompson Castlemaine (1954) (Fair) (Moderate Significance).
- Air Compressor – Atlas Copco (1970) (Fair) (Little Significance)
In storage (former Apprentice Workshop):
Composite piece of machinery made by Railway apprentices, stored outside
No Entry steel security door, made by railway apprentices
Large collection of various objects in storage, including but not limited to:
Steel trolley/barrow, painted yellow
Workshop machinery comprising metal lathes, grinders, pedestal drills, bending machines
Metal wall sign – “1937 Pay bus restored by RailCorp Apprentices June 2008 – June 2009”
Metal cans with taps, painted red
Timber carriage windows in storage
Two timber rollover indicator boards, one single (unknown location) and one double ex-Banksia Station
Tall timber 5x7 pigeonhole shelving cupboard
Timber desk with two drawers
Cast iron grates in storage
Timber trolley, painted green – “Way and Works Painters”
Tall timber cupboard with two doors and key
Industrial sewing machine and remnant carriage upholstery vinyl in storage
Loose RailCorp signage – metal and vinyl
Short timber bench
NSWGR Locomotive Depot honour board for officers in charge and assistant managers
City Rail carriage model
Collection of framed prints and photographs c1980s
Large timber diagonally sheeted sliding doors in storage
Painted sign – “Danger – Employees working on this … “
The site contains industrial landscapes within a surrounding residential area. The site is delineated on the northern side by the cutting down from Wilson Street supported by the brick retaining wall, which was undertaken to level the site for construction. Most areas are clear of vegetation and paved.
The two sides of the site are split by the main running lines, and subsidiary rails are found throughout the site and contribute to the story of an important part of the site’s operational history. The first rail lines on the Carriageworks site were installed to the stores during 1882. Rails were laid at the eastern end of the site during 1883 and 1884 including the majority of the fan sidings to serve the Paint Shop and the sidings on both sides of the main Carriage and Wagon Workshops. Further sidings were laid to the Paint Shop in 1885 and 1886 presumably including the lines within the building (DCMP 2002).
|Physical condition and/or|
|SOUTH EVELEIGH PRECINCT (2015)
S33, Air raid shelters - South (c1942), Fair
S38, Large Erecting Shop (1898-1906), Good
S1, Communications and Control systems office (c1980s), Good
S10, Storage shed (1990s), Good
S11, Storage shed (1990s), Good
S12, Open shelter (1990s), Good
S13, Open shelter (1960s), Good
S14, Erskineville substation (2006-7), Good
S16, Garage (c1990s), Very Good
S17, Storage shed (c1990s), Very Good
S2, Storage Shelter (c2000), Good
S21, Car Port (c2005), Good
S22, Telecommunications building (c1990), Good
S23, Office and car port (2009-2011), Good
S24, Welding qualifications centre (1965-1970), Good
S25, Gas Tank Shelter (2013), Good
S26, Eveleigh maintenance centre substation (2013), Good
S27, Train Washing shed (1965), Good
S3, Communication and control systems office (c2000), Good
S35, Xplorer and Endeavour Service Centre Office (1965), Fair
S36, Remnant footings of Car-cleaning Shed (1965), Fair
S37, Memorial Plaques (1925-1927), Fair
S4, Communication and control systems office (c1980s), Good
S5, Railway signalling operations group (x3 buildings) (c. 1990-2000s), Good
S6, ESL Signals/Communications Substation (c1990s), Good
S7, Site security Gatehouse (c2003), Good
S8, Civil and mains depot office (1990s), Good
S9, Storage shed (1990s), Good
S15, Sand tower (1943 – 1949; relocated 1966), Good
S18, South-western Turntable (1891 or1925), Good
S19, Office and Amenities (1965-1970), Good
S20, Eveleigh Maintenance Centre (1962-1966), Good
S28, Substation (c1965), Good
S29, Xplorer - Endeavour Service Centre administration building (1965), Very Good
S30, Xplorer - Endeavour Service Centre warehouse (early 20thC), Very Good
S31, Xplorer - Endeavour Service Centre (1899, altered 1919, 1964), Very Good
S32, Compressor House (1914, reclad 1960s), Poor
S34, Eveleigh Yard Subway (1925-1927), Fair
C10: Engine Dive & Vents (x 6), Good
C5: Down Illawarra Dive, Good
C6: Up Illawarra Dive, Good
C9: Elstons Sidings and Buffers, Poor
C1: Signalling Hut, Good
C2: Shunter’s Hut, Good
C3: Sectioning Hut (west), Good/Fair
C4: Sectioning Hut (east), Good/Fair
C7: Signalling Equipment Room, Good
C8: Former Signal Depot Office, Good
At the time of preparation, up to date condition information was not available for the North Eveleigh Precinct.
| ||Date condition updated:10 Dec 08 |
|Modifications and dates: ||1883: Stores 1 and 2 constructed
1887: Chief Mechanical Engineers Office built.
c1888: Carriage and Wagon Workshops and Paint Shop built
c1888: Macdonaltown Gasworks built
1895: Signal Box completed
1899: Large Erecting Shop added to the site.
1901: New foundry and laundry completed.
1901: Traversers Nos 1 & 2 installed
1902: Most overhead cranes in workshops converted to electric drives. A new copper and tinsmiths shop erected.
1906: Extension to Chief Mechanical Engineers building
1907: The New Locomotive Shop designed and constructed. A new compressor house constructed.
1909: Blacksmiths Shop erected along Wilson Street
c1911: Carriage Shop extension (now called Cables Store)
c1911 Spring Store built adjacent to Wilson Street
c1912: Telegraph Workshop built (now Telecommunications Equipment Centre)
1913: Paint Shop extension added
1913: General Store erected
1913: New Illawarra Junction Signal Box erected (no longer extant)
1914: Electrification of machinery in the workshops. New Locomotive Shop extended to the south.
1917: Resumption of adjacent houses to the south for the Alexandria Goods Yard. Several new buildings completed, leading to a rearrangement of the workshops.
1922: Materials Testing Laboratory/Scientific Services Building completed.
1923: CME’s Drawing office built (later Train Equipment Section) (no longer extant)
1925: Northmost bay of Running Shed demolished.
1926: Store 3 built in between Stores 1 and 2. Stores 1 and 2 shortened at southern ends to make way for new tracks.
1926: Electric Train Drivers Instruction School built on the site of the former Tarpaulin Shed (no longer extant).
1937: Reclamation Shed added
1942: Air Raid Shelters built
1965: Southern and middle bay of Running Shed demolished, along with the Train Washing facilities.
1966/67: South Eveleigh coal stage was demolished. The turntable was removed and reconstructed approximately 60 metres north-east and a new sand bin was erected alongside the turntable.
1970s: Workshops rearranged internally to update the works and the Spring Shop was removed (Spring Store at North Eveleigh remained until post-2002)
1970s: Alexandria Goods Yard leased to private companies as a freight storage and terminal.
1985: Alexandria Goods Yard closed, trackwork removed and the buildings demolished. Footbridge at southern end removed.
c1990s: Footbridge at western end of Redfern platforms demolished
c1990: Railway operations in the Locomotive Workshops and Carriage Workshops ceased (South Eveleigh precinct continuing in active railway operation).
2008: Carriage Works building adapted for use as an arts space
c2010: Stores Buildings 1,2,3 & 4 demolished
c2010: Carriage Shop Extension, Boilermaker’s Shop, Timber Store extension demolished
2013: Transfer of Lots 1, 2 & 3 of DP 1175706 to Urban Growth Development Corporation
|Further information: ||Also see Eveleigh Railway Workshops SHR listing #01140. |