Heritage

Junee Railway Precinct

Item details

Name of item: Junee Railway Precinct
Other name/s: Junee Junction; Loftus
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Platform/ Station
Primary address: Main Street, Junee, NSW 2680
Parish: Junee
County: Clarendon
Local govt. area: Junee

Boundary:

The listing boundary is in a number of sections. The station group is bounded by Seignor Street to the west, the Broadway Street level crossing to the north, Main Street and Lorne Streets to the east and a line across the tracks 50 metres past the end of the platform to the south. The roundhouse boundary is formed by the railway tracks to the east, Harold Street to the west, Railway Parade to the north and the boundary of the property to the south. The triangle boundary is formed by the tracks forming the triangle and all the area contained within it.
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Main StreetJuneeJuneeJuneeClarendonPrimary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Junee Railway Precinct is of state significance as a major 19th century rail junction in NSW, as shown by the quality and scale of buildings constructed on site. The growth and prosperity of Junee is closely linked to its development as a major rail centre and as a large source of employment for the town. The Victorian Free Classical station buildings are an important landmark in central Junee and are excellent examples of first-class railway architecture. The Refreshment Room is one of the best extant examples of a major refreshment facility in NSW indicative of the site’s role as a major railway junction and rural passenger interchange. The Junee roundhouse is one of only seven roundhouses extant in NSW. The scale of the locomotive depot facilities reveal the importance of the place as the principal repair, service and maintenance facility for the far southern region of the state, and are of research value for demonstrating rail technology and customs from the late 19th century to the mid 20th century.

Note: there is a separate SHR listing for movable heritage at Junee (SHR# 01172).
Date significance updated: 24 Nov 09
Note: There are incomplete details for a number of items listed in NSW. The Heritage Branch intends to develop or upgrade statements of significance and other information for these items as resources become available.

Description

Construction years: 1878-1947
Physical description: MAJOR STRUCTURES - Managed by RailCorp
Station Building - type 5, first-class (1885)
Platform (1885)

MAJOR STRUCTURES - Managed by ARTC
Refreshment Rooms/ Train Control Building (1885)
Junee North and Junee South Signal Boxes - type O (1947, 1945)
Locomotive Depot/ Roundhouse (1947)
Island Platform and Awning (c1920)


STATION BUILDING (1885)
The Junee Station is a large Victorian Free Classical style station building incorporating French Second Empire characteristics in the form of mansard roofs and decorative window surrounds. The single storey building is constructed of face brick, with stuccoed quoins to corners and stucco decoration to window surrounds, including label moulds. It is symmetrical with a low, parapeted roof. Round or segmented pediments are centrally located on the parapet on the street and platform sides. The cornice beneath the parapet has paired brackets. At each end of the station there is a square pavilion with a mansard roof and a facetted bay to the street side. An iron entrance verandah awning runs between the two pavilions on the street facade. A long, iron verandah awning runs along the platform and the posts have decorative brackets. There is decorative iron work in the ends of the verandah roof. The station's chimneys are rendered.

Internally, the main building originally comprised of a spacious ladies waiting room and lavatory and a general waiting room in the two pavilions, a central ticket office, Station Master’s office, traffic inspector’s office, and parcels offices, a porter’s room, and a detached men’s toilet block wing and combined post office and telegraph office building.


REFRESHMENT ROOMS/ TRAIN CONTROL BUILDING (1885, 1892)
Two-storey brick building built in similar style to station building, with early extension in a simpler style. The building's hipped roof (clad with corrugated iron) stands behind a parapet which has a projecting cornice supported by paired brackets. Stucco dressings to windows include strong label moulds. Quoins are rusticated. A rounded or segmented pediment is on the centre of the parapet on the rail side. A verandah with decorative valance runs along the facade; the section of the verandah on the parapeted part of the building has a series of four pane windows. The Refreshment Room building originally featured a manager’s office, bathroom, a public dining room and bar, scullery, store rooms, kitchen, and cellar on the ground floor, a private dining room, 17 bedrooms, two bathrooms, and two ladies lavatories on the first floor. A detached brick laundry room and out-houses were also provided within a yard behind the building.

ROUNDHOUSE (1947)
The extant roundhouse building at Junee is circular in form, providing cover over 42 roads, with the remaining two roads, (the access/egress roads) being uncovered. The principal construction features include a peaked roof formed by interior roof trusses with a ventilating ridge mounted on the peak of the roof. The roof is actually two symmetrically sloped roof sections. Principal construction materials are brick with roof trusses supported on concrete columns. Timber beams and trusses with steel bracing and straps were also used in construction. Flooring is concrete. Windows / translucent sheeting are provided in sections of the rear or outer wall to assist with natural lighting.

PLATFORMS (1885, c1920)
Brick platform faces.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Station Buildings: Very Good
Refreshment Rooms: Very Good
Train Control Building: Good (Repairs c2006).
Locomotive Depot/ Roundhouse: Good
Date condition updated:30 Nov 09
Modifications and dates: 1883 - 85 Cottages, gate house and barracks built for staff; 3-tonne yard crane installed; stockyards; 15.2m turntable provided and branch line platform constructed.
1891 Carriage shed erected.
1898 20-tonne cart weighbridge installed.
1906 Out of shed provided.
1907 New 20-tonne cart weighbridge installed.
1907 Transhipping shed built.
1908 Station Master’s residence purchased.
1911 25-tonne automatic weighbridge installed.
1921 New Traffic and Loco yards constructed.
1926 40-tonne weighbridge installed; conversion of refreshment room back veranda into two bedrooms.
1985-86 Carriage shed and residences demolished.
N.d. Footbridge at railway station and footbridge adjacent to Junee North signal box removed. Other removed items include the coal bunker, de-ashing facilities, hot water boiler wash-out plant and a number of small depot buildings.
Current use: Operational railway station; refreshment room leased and used as a restaurant; roundhouse used to service locomotives.
Former use: Passenger station, goods yard and loco depot

History

Historical notes: Junee Railway Precinct is located on the Main South line.

Following the completion of the first railway from Sydney to Parramatta Junction in 1855, proposals for railways to the rest of NSW were driven by pastoral communities seeking improved transport for their produce from the inland centres such as Goulburn, Bathurst, Singleton and Muswellbrook. In April 1873 John Sutherland, the Minister for Public Works, set out a policy to complete ‘the main trunk railways’; both the Main Southern line to Albury and the Western trunk route to Bourke on the Darling River were responses to the threat that wool and other produce from the Riverina and the west of NSW would be diverted to Melbourne via river boats and the Victorian railway to Echuca on the Murray River, which opened in 1864 (Lee, 2000, p98).

The 1870s and 1880s saw a boom in railway construction, with the Junee section of the Cootamundra to Wagga Wagga section of the Great Southern Railway opening in July 1878, with Junee station opening for service in the same month. The original layout provided for an Up Platform Loop with station buildings, and a stockyard loop provided on the Down side of the line. The main station building, contracted to William Sharp in 1878, was of timber construction with an awning over part of the platform, and was equipped with a men’s toilet, ladies toilet, ladies waiting room, ticket office, general waiting room, parcels office and porters lamp room. A carriage dock was also built into the Sydney end of the platform to enable hose carriages to be unloaded from the passenger trains. Opposite the station was a wool stage, yard crane, sheep & cattle yard, goods shed and Station Master’s residence (Forsyth, 2009).

In 1881 a branch line between Junee and Narrandera (later extended to Hay) opened, making Junee a major railway centre. The construction name 'Loftus' was changed to 'Junee Junction' in February 188, before assuming its present name, 'Junee' in 1940.

In January 1882 the original ‘temporary’ timber station building (dating from 1878) ceased to be used and may have been relocated to Gundagai. The new brick station building was built between 1882-1884, and opened in 1885. The 1885 station building at Junee was one of a group of grand NSW railway buildings opened in important regional centres during the 1880s, including Werris Creek, Albury, Hay, Newcastle and other locations (Sheedy, 1996; Forsyth, 2009).

In conjunction with the branch line, a large marshalling and goods yard was laid out behind the station building, with a goods shed, loading stage, four brick and timber cottages, a brick gate-house, and a three ton crane added in 1884 (Forsyth, 2009; Ferry et. al, 1999).

With Junee’s rapid growth in the late 19th century, accommodation at the station became inadequate. An additional wing was added to the eastern side of the Refreshment Room in 1892. It included a large sample room for commercial travellers and a billiard room on the ground floor, with another 19 bedrooms provided above. In 1897, further alterations to the station buildings began in order to accommodate a District Superintendent’s office. The new work required the detached post and telegraph office wing to be joined to the main building, the infill of which created a large clerical office under the surveillance of the District Superintendent who was located in what had been the telegraph office. In addition, the porter’s room on the south side of the building was demolished, and the verandah of the station building extended to include the new additions (Ferry et. al, 1999).

The last of the external changes to the station building occurred between 1906 and 1908, when an out-of-shed was added to the northern end of the platform, and the eastern wall of the station building was removed to make way for a new telegraph office. With the rearrangement of the internal composition of the Refreshment Rooms in 1915, a new weatherboard sample room was constructed on the street side of the building, and in 1917 additional accommodation was provided for staff above the kitchen scullery (Ferry et. al, 1999).

With the remodelling of the station yard and the construction of the Down platform by 1920, the track alongside the Up platform was reclassified as a siding, and a footbridge was constructed (Forsyth, 2009).

With the duplication of the line to Junee in c1945, the locomotive depot was relocated to a new position a mile south of the station. Here the railway department built the largest locomotive roundhouse in New South Wales, opening in 1947, which was evidence the growing significance of Junee as a major railway depot. The site included a relatively large and important shunting yard, two large signal boxes, junction arrangements for the Junee-Narrandera-Hay-Griffith branch line and a modern locomotive depot. The depot comprised a roundhouse, large elevated 1000-tonne capacity coal bunker (for fuelling steam locomotives), boiler wash-out plant, ash handling facilities, large and modern machine shop and a substantial amount of equipment essential for the rapid and efficient servicing and repair of steam locomotives working in the district, including a coal transporter and crane, two 1.125ML water reservoirs, two 90kL water tanks, a152mm bore water column, and a 30.480m diameter electric turntable (Ferry et. al, 1999; Forsyth, 2009).

In 1964 a new toilet block was constructed behind the Refreshment Room. This unsympathetic addition is of a new modernist style, making no reference to the style or scale of the older station buildings. The 1960s also saw the gradual demise of the concept of catering on site, with the use of refreshment rooms and larger scale railway catering largely replaced by buffet cars and vending machines. The southern fibro annex, the yard, laundry building and staff quarters at Junee all disappeared in the 1960s. In the 1980s the bedrooms were completely remodelled as office space. Elements of the station yard and depot were also removed at this time, including the carriage shed, and a number of residences (Ferry et. al, 1999).

Half the roundhouse is still used for commercial reconditioning and rebuilding of locomotives. The other half operates as a museum opened in 1994 by a group of volunteers with a vision of keeping the town’s rail story alive.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Communication-Activities relating to the creation and conveyance of information Signalling and safe working-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Industry-Activities associated with the manufacture, production and distribution of goods Railway Workshops-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Building the railway network-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Maintaining the railway network-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Servicing and accommodating passengers-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Shaping inland settlements-
5. Working-Working Labour-Activities associated with work practises and organised and unorganised labour Rail heritage volunteers-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Creative endeavour-Activities associated with the production and performance of literary, artistic, architectural and other imaginative, interpretive or inventive works; and/or associated with the production and expression of cultural phenomena; and/or environments that have inspired such creative activities. Evolution of design in railway engineering and architecture-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Railway tourism-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Junee Railway Precinct has historical significance as a major 19th century railway location on the Main Southern Line, as evidenced by the quality and scale of buildings constructed on site, with the large Railway Refreshment Rooms and passenger accommodation indicative of the site’s role as a major railway junction and rural passenger interchange. The evolution of the town of Junee is closely linked with the development of the railway precinct, with an increase in the growth and prosperity of Junee owing to its development as a major rail centre in the late 19th century, providing a large source of employment for the town.

The extent of the locomotive depot and roundhouse facilities reveal the importance of this major locomotive servicing point as the principal repair, locomotive service and maintenance facility for the far southern region of the state. The precinct demonstrates the evolution of railway infrastructure in the area to accommodate increased traffic and services at Junee.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The station buildings, refreshment rooms and train control buildings at Junee retain a high level of aesthetic significance. The main station building is architecturally important for its well executed Victorian Free Classical design. Together with the large hotels and other buildings nearby, the station is an important component within the townscape of central Junee. The railway station is a key element in the streetscape of this part of Junee. The roundhouse is aesthetically significant as a large and impressive industrial building with a simple, strong functional form that remains largely intact.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The place has social significance to the local community on account of its lengthy association and for providing an important source of employment, trade and social interaction for the local community. The site is significant for its ability to contribute to the local community’s sense of place, is a distinctive feature in the daily life of many community members, and provides a connection to the local community’s past.

The place also has special associations for the staff and volunteers of the Junee railway roundhouse and museum who continue to be instrumental in the ongoing preservation and interpretation of the site.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
The precinct has high research value as a large scale railway station and locomotive depot that remains largely intact, demonstrating rail technology and customs from the late 19th century to mid 20th century in an age when trains were the principal means of transport and trade for the population. The role of the roundhouse as a museum is to provide public access to the workings of the former locomotive depot and associated facilities, and in doing so to give the public an understanding of the function of a large loco depot and related working conditions.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The locomotive depot includes a rare example of a roundhouse (one of only seven in NSW). The Junee roundhouse is the only complete (full circle) brick roundhouse in NSW.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The place has representative significance for its collection of railway structures that collectively demonstrate widespread 19th and early 20th century railway customs, activities and design in NSW, and are representative of similar items that are found at other comparable railway sites across the state.

The station buildings and refreshment rooms/train control building at Junee are good representative examples of first class railway architecture in NSW. The Refreshment Room is one of the best extant examples of a major refreshment facility in NSW.

The signal boxes are representative examples of similar utilitarian structures at other locations, with original detailing and fabric typical of standard railway design. The two structures represent railway safe-working and signalling operations in NSW.
Integrity/Intactness: The station buildings and RRR have a high level of integrity. The roundhouse, even though its original purpose (the servicing of steam locomotives) has been altered to suit newer motive power, with a subsequent change to work methods and equipment, the integrity of the roundhouse has been retained. Internally, the building retains a high degree of integrity due to the retention of original construction features and details.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
State Rail Authority Heritage Register Study1999SRA891State Rail Authority  No
S170 Register Update Project2009 ARTC/ ORH  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenDavid Sheedy Pty Ltd1996Junee Railway Station: a heritage assessment of impact of proposed upgrading works
WrittenJ.M. Cottee2004Stations on the track: Selected NSW Country Railway Stations: An Historical Overview

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4806760


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