Heritage

C 3804 - Tulloch Suburban Motor Car

Item details

Name of item: C 3804 - Tulloch Suburban Motor Car
Other name/s: C 3804 Double Deck Aluminium Bodied Suburban Power Car
Type of item: Movable / Collection
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Locomotives & Rolling Stock
Primary address: Thirlmere Railway Precinct, Thirlmere, NSW 2572
Local govt. area: Wollondilly
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Thirlmere Railway PrecinctThirlmereWollondilly  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Suburban Motor Car C 3804 has heritage significance as the world's first commissioned double-decker power car, and was designed and constructed within NSW at Tulloch's Ltd., Rhodes. The car has significance as one of four prototype double-deck power cars, and proved that it was possible to build an operationally successful double deck motor car, now a standard design concept that is used on railway systems throughout the world. The car has significance as a modification of the successful Tulloch/Railways designed double deck trailer car that was adapted in order to provide a uniform looking train when an eight-car set was marshalled. The car has technical significance as one of four prototypes that successfully demonstrated it was possible to maximise the seating in a double deck motor car by using up to date electrical technology. This car has significance as it was the first to use miniaturised electrical components and as such paved the way for such equipment to be used extensively elsewhere. Suburban Motor Car C 3804 has rarity significance as it is the only vehicle of the four prototypes that were constructed to survive as a motor car. Combined with the fact that this was the world's first commissioned double-deck power car, the car is a highly significant and very rare item.
Date significance updated: 13 Nov 09
Note: There are incomplete details for a number of items listed in NSW. The Heritage Branch intends to develop or upgrade statements of significance and other information for these items as resources become available.

Description

Designer/Maker: Tullochs Ltd/NSW Government railways
Builder/Maker: Tullochs Ltd
Physical description: EXTERNAL
Suburban Motor Car C 3804 is an aluminium bodied double-deck suburban power car. The car has a steel underframe. Its riveted body panels have been painted Venetian red. The car has the standard NSW Railways three section tapered end with air vents located at roof level to assist in cooling the electrical equipment housed there. The internal layout of the carriage is revealed through the placement of aluminium framed 'Beclawat' windows, with horizontally sliding sections above a fixed section. (This window type was developed specifically for the new double deck carriages).

INTERNAL
The car seats 102 2nd class passengers and is fitted with a driver’s compartment. The centre double deck section comprises an upper level and a depressed lower level. At each end are two smaller areas at normal platform height. These areas comprise the entrance vestibule and a passenger compartment at the pantograph or no.1 end and an entrance vestibule and drivers/guards area at the no.2 end. Various items of electrical and mechanical equipment are stowed under the car or above the ceiling level at each end. The pantograph is mounted in a cutaway section at one end. Seating is the standard 3+2 arrangement in order to provide offset corridors on each level. Seats are adjustable and able to face either direction.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Operational Status: Non-Operational
General Condition: Good Condition
External Condition: Good Condition
Internal Condition: Very Good Condition

EXTERNAL CONDITION
Externally the car is in good condition. All body work is in good condition. Paint is in good condition. Wheels are in good condition.

INTERNAL CONDITION
The interior of the car is in good condition. All paint and upholstery is in very good condition.
Date condition updated:11 Nov 09
Modifications and dates: April 1968 - Built by Tulloch's, Rhodes and entered service as C 3804.
January 1980 - Withdrawn and sent to Thirlmere.
c.2008 - Restored.
Current use: NSW Government Railways Collection
Former use: Suburban Motor Car

History

Historical notes: Suburban Motor Car C 3804 was one of four prototype double deck power cars manufactured by Tullochs Ltd, Rhodes, to evaluate new equipment for later contracts. Each of the cars was fitted with different equipment to evaluate differing bogie designs, ac vs. dc motors and differing control arrangements.

Car No. 3804 was fitted with English electrical equipment and bogies built by A.E. Goodwin Ltd., and entered service on 30 April 1968, being the world's first commissioned double-deck power car. When test were complete 57 new cars were ordered to operate with existing double deck trailers. The success of these four cars spelt the end of the single deck car design for use in Sydney, being based upon this protype until the entry into service of the 'Chopper' controlled cars in 1985 (C 3501 - C 3608). The car was withdrawn from service on 4 January 1980.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Impacts of railways on urban form-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Railway work culture-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Suburban Motor Car C 3804 is of historical significance. This vehicle has a very high level of significance as the world's first commissioned double-decker power car, and was designed and constructed within NSW at Tulloch's Ltd., Rhodes. The car has significance as one of four prototype double-deck power cars, and proved that it was possible to built an operationally successful double deck motor car, now a standard design concept that is used on railway systems throughout the world.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Based on current knowledge, the carriage is not known to have any special associations with people or events of significance in a local or state context. It does not have significance under this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Suburban Motor Car C 3804 is of aesthetic significance. The car has significance as a modification of the successful Tulloch/Railways designed double deck trailer car. To save the cost of designing a completely new unit, the trailer design was adapted in order to provide a uniform looking train when an eight-car set was marshalled.

Suburban Motor Car C 3804 is of technical significance. This vehicle demonstrates the unique approach taken by the NSW Railways to increase seating capacity on its suburban trains without resorting to expensive civil engineering solutions such as lengthening platforms etc. The car has significance as one of four prototypes that successfully demonstrated it was possible to maximise the seating in a double deck motor car by using up to date electrical technology. The use of such electrical technology had not been possible prior to this date. Since that date this concept has been extensively used in New South Wales and the technological concept had been copied by other countries as well. This car has significance as it was the first to use miniaturised electrical components and as such paved the way for such equipment to be used extensively elsewhere.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The C 3804 Tulloch Suburban Motor Car is likely to have a degree of social value for the community-based associations who have demonstrated an ongoing interest in its conservation and management. This item may also have a degree of social significance to a broader section of the community linked to its historic, aesthetic and associative values.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Suburban Motor Car C 3804 has a high level of research significance. The car has the potential to reveal information regarding the development of miniaturised electrical componentry and its use in railway carriage construction. The car has significance as one of four prototypes that successfully demonstrated it was possible to maximise the seating in a double deck motor car by using up to date electrical technology.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Suburban Motor Car C 3804 has rarity significance. This car is the only vehicle of the four prototypes that were constructed to survive as a motor car, and this, combined with the fact that this was the world's first commissioned double-deck power car, makes the car a highly significant and very rare item.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Suburban Motor Car C 3804 is considered to be an excellent representative example of a double-deck suburban motor car. The car is one of four prototype double-decker power cars and represents a class of suburban carriage that changed the concept of passenger travel within the Sydney Metropolitan area.
Integrity/Intactness: Suburban Motor Car C 3804 has a high degree of integrity as it has not been modified to any great degree during its life, and is the only one of the four prototypes built to remain as a power car. Recent restoration work to return the car to its original condition has ensured the car is substantially the same today as it was when built.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
SRA Heritage Rolling Stock Stage 2b Heritage Assessments2000 David Sheedy Pty Ltd Architects and Heritage Consultants  Yes
S170 Rolling Stock Review2009 NSW Department of Commerce  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenRailways Loco Accountant Monthly Reports
WrittenSheenan Publications1968Railway Transportation

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4807172


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