Heritage

T 4801 - Tulloch Suburban Trailer Car

Item details

Name of item: T 4801 - Tulloch Suburban Trailer Car
Type of item: Movable / Collection
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Locomotives & Rolling Stock
Primary address: North Eveleigh Heritage Store, Eveleigh, NSW 2015
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
North Eveleigh Heritage StoreEveleighSydney  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Tulloch Suburban Trailer Car T 4801 has heritage significance as increasing patronage, combined with the need to replace an ageing fleet of wooden trailer cars, made necessary the introduction of double deck cars in the mid-twentieth century. The impact of double deck cars on the system was seminal, and meant that capacity of the network could be increased without the need for expensive engineering works. This car helped prove the viability of double deck cars for use on the Sydney suburban system and was the first type of double deck car to operate in Australia, a major advancement in the design of NSW coaching stock, and the model for all future suburban passenger carriages to the present day. The car has technical significance as it involved the first large-scale use of aluminium and air-bag suspension on NSW railway rolling stock. The carriage retains a high level of integrity and intactness and is considered rare as one of two 1964 double deck cars to be set aside for preservation and remains in operable condition.
Date significance updated: 13 Nov 09
Note: There are incomplete details for a number of items listed in NSW. The Heritage Branch intends to develop or upgrade statements of significance and other information for these items as resources become available.

Description

Designer/Maker: Tullochs Ltd
Builder/Maker: Tullochs Ltd
Physical description: EXTERNAL
Aluminium clad double deck car with doors placed at the quarter points to allow for efficient ingress and egress. The bogies incorporate air bag suspension. The carriage can be identified by the unique positioning of the vents above the end windows of the lower deck section, and by the riveted mild steel sub-frames. The car is painted in Indian Red and features a silver painted roof. Windows are of the Baclawat type.

INTERNAL
The double deck section comprises a sunken gondola with a deck above. This area is located between the bogies. Seating in the two-deck section is generally of the two and three seat transverse type. Over the bogies are two short saloons that have longitudinal seating.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Operational Status: Operational
General Condition: Good Condition
External Condition: Good Condition
Internal Condition: Good Condition

EXTERNAL CONDITION
This car is in good condition throughout. There appears to be no rust or damaged areas. Wheels are in good condition. Paint is in good condition.

INTERNAL CONDITION
Good overall condition internally, with paint and upholstery in good order.

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
Lead paint and possible minor asbestos in electrical controls.
Date condition updated:06 Nov 09
Modifications and dates: June 1964 - Built by Tulloch's Ltd and entered service.
December 1993 - Withdrawn from service and condemned.
1999 - Restored.
Current use: NSW Government Railways Collection
Former use: Double-Deck Suburban Trailer Car

History

Historical notes: The majority of the large Sydney suburban rail network was electrified between 1926 and 1929, with modest additions taking place during the 1932 - 1939 period. In 1950, it was decided to electrify the difficult double-track section of line over the Blue Mountains to the west of Sydney. The line to Penrith was electrified in 1954/55, allowing suburban electric trains to serve this route. To cater for this added growth and also to accommodate future expansion, a need for additional cars was realised. Accordingly, a contract was placed with the Commonwealth Engineering Co. of Granville for 80 steel suburban cars (40 motor and 40 matching trailers). In addition, this company also received a contract for a similar number of stainless steel "inter-urban" cars to provide services over the Blue Mountains when that line was eventually electrified to Lithgow in 1957. Because their introduction to service coincided with the launch of Russia's Sputnik craft into space, the new trains, because of their "S" targets, quickly acquired the name "Sputnik Sets", a term they retained until withdrawal.

In the 1960s, tenders were called for double deck electric passenger cars. In February 1964, the local Sydney engineering firm of Tulloch Limited delivered the first of 120 double-decker trailer cars for use in Sydney. These cars, constructed of riveted aluminium on a steel underframe and riding on bogies featuring air bag suspension, were actually lighter than the steel trailer cars then in service. The first 40 of these double-deckers, T4801 to T4840, replaced the 40 trailer cars (T4701 to T4740) in the Sputnik Sets. Accordingly, when built, T4801 to T4840 were equipped with power-operated doors, had Sputnik set compatible lighting and control voltage and Sputnik set compatible jumper coupling receptacles. They consisted of a normal floor level over the bogies, with a double deck passenger section between the bogies. They carried green internal livery and were painted Tuscan Red on the outside sides with painted silver roofs to match the single deck carriages. For the first time in Sydney, fluorescent internal lighting and air suspension bogies were used. The initial 40 cars were used in power door sets, the remainder in non-powered door sets, and they replaced the remaining wooden bodied trailer cars.

In 1968, an experimental all double decker electric train was produced by Tulloch Limited, based on their double deck trailer design, and it was designated set S10. In 1972, complete 8-car double decker production trains began entering service in Sydney. They initially carried the "targets" S11 onwards. However, to save confusion, the "Sputnik" sets carrying the targets "S" were re-designated "W".

The W set trailers (T4801-4833) and M set trailers (T4834-4838 & 4896-4920) remained in service until November 1993 when the last 8-car set was withdrawn, replaced by a new Tangara 8-car double deck set. the cars marshalled with Comeng power cars in R/S sets saw service until 2003 when the introduction of the Millennium Trains saw their final retirement. Cars 4801, 4814, 4854 & 4874 have been retained as heritage cars.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Creation of railway towns-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Railway work culture-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Tulloch Suburban Trailer Car T 4801 has a high level of historical significance. Increasing patronage, combined with the need to replace an ageing fleet of wooden trailer cars, made necessary the introduction of double deck cars in the mid-twentieth century. The impact of double deck cars on the system was seminal. Since the introduction of 4801 and its kindred all new suburban and outer suburban electric trains have been of the double deck type.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Based on current knowledge, Tulloch Suburban Trailer Car T 4801 is not known to have any special associations with people or events of significance in a local or state context. It does not have significance under this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Tulloch Suburban Trailer Car T 4801 has a high level of aesthetic significance. This car was the first type of double deck car to operate in Australia, a major advancement in the design of NSW coaching stock, and the model for all future suburban passenger carriages to the present day. The carriage, despite its innovation, retains the timeless and pleasing tapered end first adopted by E.E. Lucy in 1913. The small windows on the upper deck contrast with the deeper windows of the lower deck and end saloons.

Tulloch Suburban Trailer Car T 4801 has a high level of technical significance. This was the first large-scale use of aluminium on NSW railway rolling stock. This was needed to keep the weight of the new cars to an acceptable level. These cars proved aluminium could be a practical lightweight alternative material to steel. This type of car is also significant as the first use of air bag suspension in NSW.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The Tulloch Suburban Trailer Car T 4801 is likely to have a degree of social value for the community-based associations who have demonstrated an ongoing interest in its conservation and management. This item may also have a degree of social significance to a broader section of the community linked to its historic, aesthetic and associative values.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Tulloch Suburban Trailer Car T 4801 has a high level of research significance. The carriage has research potential as the first large scale use of aluminium on NSW railway rolling stock. The carriage has the potential to reveal information regarding the introduction of double-deck suburban passenger carriages to the Sydney suburban network.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Tulloch Suburban Trailer Car T 4801 has a high level of rarity significance. This car was the first double deck car to operate in Australia. It is considered rare as one of two 1964 double deck cars to be set aside for preservation and remain in operable condition.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Tulloch Suburban Trailer Car T 4801 is an excellent example of a 1964 aluminium double deck trailer car, the first type of double-deck passenger car in Australia and the model for all future Sydney suburban passenger carriages.
Integrity/Intactness: Tulloch Suburban Trailer Car T 4801 retains a high level of integrity and intactness. This car exhibits all the features that make it a significant suburban electric carriage.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
SRA Heritage Rolling Stock Stage 2b Heritage Assessments2000 David Sheedy Pty Ltd Architects and Heritage Consultants  Yes
S170 Rolling Stock Review2009 NSW Department of Commerce  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written 2009Rail Rollingstock in New South Wales
WrittenGreen Air Services Pty Ltd2007SRA Rolling Stock Condition and Maintenance Assessment, Part 2
WrittenKeenan & Clarke1963First Stop Central
WrittenNSW R Mechanical Branch Monthly Reports
GraphicState Rail Authority Trailer Car Double Decker
WrittenStephen Halgren (with additional material from Hugh Burns)2009SETS Library - The Sputnik Cars

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4807179


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