Heritage

Locomotive, Steam 1021

Item details

Name of item: Locomotive, Steam 1021
Other name/s: 1021 (From 1924), F(1212) (From 1917), Pwd 59 (From 1910)
Type of item: Movable / Collection
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Locomotives & Rolling Stock
Primary address: Thirlmere Railway Precinct, Thirlmere, NSW 2572
Local govt. area: Wollondilly
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Thirlmere Railway PrecinctThirlmereWollondilly  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Locomotive 1021 has heritage significance for its ability to demonstrate motive power used in workshops and depots for support services, and its associations with railway construction on the North Coast line and Cardiff Workshops in particular. It has historical significance in demonstrating the role of small tank engines in the operations of a locomotive depot and workshop, and has a significant association with Cardiff Workshops in particular, a connection which has been reinforced by the engine being named "Cardiff". The locomotive is an good example of an increasingly rare 0-4-0 shunting engine produced in England in the early twentieth century.
Date significance updated: 18 Dec 09
Note: There are incomplete details for a number of items listed in NSW. The Heritage Branch intends to develop or upgrade statements of significance and other information for these items as resources become available.

Description

Designer/Maker: Manning Wardle and Company,
Builder/Maker: Manning Wardle and Company,
Construction years: 1916-
Physical description: Locomotive 1021 is a two-cylinder, simple, non-condensing, saturated, coal-fired, 0-4-0 saddle tank steam engine.

EXTERNAL
It has inside frames, small diameter spoked wheels and short wheelbase for adhesion and negotiating tight curves, and an enclosed cab.

Fitted with inside plate frames, it has two outside inclined cylinders fitted with alligator crossheads, inside Stephenson link motion with rods fitted with strapped big ends. It is fitted with a saddle tank, tall chimney, enclosed cab, two small coal bunkers and spectacle plates front and back with round portholes.

All wheels are spoked, run in plain journal bearings with drip-feed oil axleboxes.
The locomotive is painted in lined royal blue with the road numbers and the name Cardiff painted on both sides of the saddle tank.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Operational Status: Non-Operational
General Condition: Good Condition
External Condition: Good Condition
Internal Condition: Unknown

Currently set aside and housed in main display hall, Locomotive 1021 has not been operational since withdrawal from NSWGR service as yard shunter at Clyde c.1972.

EXTERNAL CONDITION
The frames are in good condition with only minor superficial corrosion. Driving wheels are in good condition. The motion and rods are in good condition though the coupling and connecting rods have been painted. Where the paint has failed on unpainted areas minor surface rust is present. The big ends are greasy. A number of items of motion are removed, including both sets of ahead and reverse eccentric rods (4 in number and noted stored in the cab), and associated eccentric straps and fastenings.

The external condition of the boiler shell is unknown. The sheet cladding is good, though the paint system is faded. No lagging appears present, the cladding being supported by timber sheathing. The safety valve waste pipes are corroded at the top lip.

The footplate cab displays minor surface corrosion, though the underside shows corrosion scale present in crevices and horizontal members with some hexagonal fastenings exploded. The RHS sand box is of timber construction and has collapsed from rot. The cab rear plate is corroded along the bottom edge. The cab steps are unpainted and displaying surface corrosion. The builder’s plate is missing from both sides of the cab.

External condition of the tanks is good and the tank top is in good condition, but the paint is generally faded and peeling. Brakes appear intact though dirty. Bunker is in fair condition, though has minimal paint remaining internally.

INTERNAL CONDITION
The internal condition of the boiler and cylinders is unknown. The firehole door is detached and the firebox has an amount of rubbish present. The firebox internal surfaces and the boiler tubes are covered with a layer of ash and products of combustion.

Canvas deck on the roof of the cab is missing. The footplate is steel with <10% paint remaining and minor surface corrosion present. The wheelhouse seats are missing. A number of boiler mountings are missing: gauge glasses (x2), regulator valve handle, brake control valve and pressure gauges (x3). The regulator valve spindle has been sheared off and the guide plate distorted.

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
Asbestos may be present in jointing material on pipe flanges. Lead based paint may be present on all surfaces where a paint system survives.
Date condition updated:11 Nov 09
Modifications and dates: 1896 - built by Manning Wardle and Company
December 1916 - entered service as Locomotive 59
1917 - recoded as Locomotive 1212
1924 - recoded as Locomotive 1021.
October 1970 - withdrawn from service
November 1970 - transferred to NSW RTM
Subsequently - painted royal blue as the Cardiff shunter, replicating the livery used for a period at Cardiff Workshops.
Unknown: Turbo-generator, cab lights, and a headlamp have been added.
Current use: NSW Government Railways Collection
Former use: Shunting Locomotive

History

Historical notes: Locomotive 1021 was built by Manning Wardle and Company as works number 1896, to the order of the Public Works Department of New South Wales. Entering service in December 1916, the locomotive was given the number 59, and along with 5 others, was engaged in railway construction work. It is believed that it saw service in the construction of sections of the North Coast line. Following transfer of all railway construction to the NSWGR in 1917, the locomotive was given the road number 1212 and at the 1924 re-numbering, was placed in the X10 class, gaining the number 1021.

Over the years 1021, the only one of the six surviving into NSWGR ownership, was placed in shunting service at a series of depots, generally in the Hunter region, but also at Eveleigh in the 1920s.
Records show the locomotive as shunter at Cardiff in 1940, Enfield in the early 1950s and at Broadmeadow from 1957 to 1963. Save for a short period service at Catherine Hill Bay in 1963, 1021 spent the remainder of its service life at Broadmeadow, interspersed with a period of service at Cardiff. The locomotive was withdrawn from Cardiff and set aside in October 1970. Following transfer to the New South Wales Rail Transport Museum in the following November, 1021 finally arrived at Thirlmere in 1975. It has since been painted royal blue as the Cardiff shunter, replicating the livery used for a period at Cardiff Workshops.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Industry-Activities associated with the manufacture, production and distribution of goods Making railway journeys-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Shaping inland settlements-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Locomotive 1021 has a low degree of historical significance. It demonstrates motive power used in workshops and depots for support services, and is associated with railway construction on the North Coast line and Cardiff Workshops in particular. The locomotive demonstrates the purchasing policy of the Public Works Department, buying off-the-shelf locomotives.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Locomotive 1021 has a low level of associational significance, with major links to the railway construction on the North Coast line, an important extension to the Sydney metropolitan network. The engine has a significant association with Cardiff Workshops in particular, a connection which has been reinforced by the engine being named "Cardiff".
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Locomotive 1021 has a moderate level of aesthetic significance. The locomotive is an excellent example of a small 0-4-0 shunting engine produced in England in the early twentieth century. The engine has been painted in blue and red livery.

Locomotive 1021 has a moderate level of technical significance as an example of the small shunting locomotives that were used throughout the NSW railway system for construction and workshops work.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The Locomotive, Steam 1021 is likely to have a degree of social value for the community-based associations who have demonstrated an ongoing interest in its conservation and management. This item may also have a degree of social significance to a broader section of the community linked to its historic, aesthetic and associative values.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Locomotive 1021 has a moderate level of research significance. The locomotive demonstrates the technology of a four-coupled saddle tank locomotive with very short wheelbase, and is one of few engines remaining that are able to demonstrate the shunting practices of a large railway workshop.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Locomotive 1021 is rare as one of very few remaining small, privately purchased, shunting locomotives that were used for railway construction purposes and at railway workshops during the twentieth century.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Locomotive 1021 is a representative example of the small shunting locomotives that were used throughout the NSW railway system for construction and workshops work. It is an off-the-shelf product similar to other PWD engines used for construction work.
Integrity/Intactness: The locomotive is intact, though some parts have been removed and stored. It has been restored to the Cardiff shunter configuration.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
SRA Heritage Rolling Stock Stage 2b Heritage Assessments2000 David Sheedy Pty Ltd Architects and Heritage ConsultantsSteven Adams Yes
S170 Rolling Stock Review2009 NSW Department of Commerce  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenDavid Sheedy Architects Pty Ltd2007NSWRTM Rolling Stock Condition Reports, Part 2
WrittenGrunbach, A1989A Compendium of New South Wales Steam Locomotives

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4807204


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