Heritage

Locomotive, Steam 1033

Item details

Name of item: Locomotive, Steam 1033
Other name/s: F355, 355X, Lo21
Type of item: Movable / Collection
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Locomotives & Rolling Stock
Primary address: Thirlmere Railway Precinct, Thirlmere, NSW 2572
Local govt. area: Wollondilly
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Thirlmere Railway PrecinctThirlmereWollondilly  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Locomotive 1033 has heritage significance a a good and rare example of a late Victorian era suburban tank engine that assisted with the development and expansion of the Sydney suburban transit system. It is an attractive small engine produced in England in the late 19th century with a polished brass dome shade, tall chimney and large wheels.
Date significance updated: 18 Dec 09
Note: There are incomplete details for a number of items listed in NSW. The Heritage Branch intends to develop or upgrade statements of significance and other information for these items as resources become available.

Description

Designer/Maker: Beyer, Peacock and Company, Gorton Foundry, Manchester
Builder/Maker: Beyer, Peacock and Company, Gorton Foundry, Manchester
Physical description: EXTERNAL
Locomotive 1033 is a two-cylinder, simple, non-condensing, saturated, coal-fired, 2-4-0T steam tank locomotive. It has large diameter spoked driving wheels (5'1") for speed, low running board with inside cylinders and two wheels leading (the front wheels are carried in the frame). It has inside plate frames, inside Stephenson link motion and coupling rods, with outside coupling rods. It is fitted with a round-top firebox, two side tanks of riveted construction, and an enclosed cab with an extended coalbunker. It is fitted with hook drawgear. All wheels are spoked, run in plain journal bearings with drip-feed oil axle boxes. The engine is painted in green livery lined in cream and red, with road numbers painted in cream on the tank sides and bunker rear, and white on the front buffer beams.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Operational Status: Non-Operational
General Condition: Moderate Condition
External Condition: Moderate Condition
Internal Condition: Poor Condition

EXTERNAL CONDITION
Paint peeling and generally degraded. Top plates of saddle/side tanks are notably corroded, with concrete paving over the top around the cab.

INTERNAL CONDITION
Window glass cracked. No gauges or gauge-glasses. Cab roof heavily corroded. Coal-box heavily corroded.

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
Asbestos disturbance potential. Paint on body may contain lead due to age of vehicle.

MECHANICAL CONDITION
Engine appears mostly complete although far from serviceable.

The engine appears complete, though the internal condition is unknown as it is not steamable. The archaeological potential of the locomotive is modest, as the engine was completely stripped and repainted circa 1972.
Date condition updated:03 Nov 09
Modifications and dates: 1885 - Built by Beyer, Peacock and Company of Manchester as works number 2661. Allocated road number 355 and entered service.
1901- Heavy cast iron front buffer beam was added following the recommendations of the Royal Commission into the Sydenham accident.
1924 - Renumbered 1033
1960s - In use as a stationary boiler at Eveleigh.
March 1967 - Withdrawn.
1975 - Arrived at Thirlmere.

A number of modifications were made over the life of this engine. Suspension of the leading wheels was altered from a leaf spring to a coil spring arrangement. The original fabricated chimney appears to have been replaced with one of cast iron pattern. The coalbunker was extended.
Current use: NSW Government Railways Collection
Former use: Shunting Locomotive

History

Historical notes: Locomotive 1033 was constructed by Beyer, Peacock and Company of Manchester to the order of the NSWGR, as works number 2661 of 1885. (The last 6 locomotives of this class were built in Sydney by Henry Vale & Co.) It entered service on the NSWR, being allocated road number 355. Along with the other members of the F class, it was built to haul the increasingly heavier trains on the expanding Sydney suburban network. As a member of the F-351 class, 355 replaced a number of earlier tender engines of various classes and allowed for improved timetable running in Sydney. The class were a development of the earlier Q(158) class design, which itself was based upon a Beyer Peacock tank locomotive for suburban service. The class performed particularly well and effectively, a further batch being constructed by local manufacturer Henry Vale (1042 survives in Maitland) bringing class numbers up to 18.

A very serious fatal collision occurred at Sydenham in 1901 involving class member 363, giving rise to a Royal Commission, after which the class was restricted to 30mph running, effectively reducing the class to non-revenue service, following the advice of the then CME William Thow. Withdrawals commenced after this with many engines being sold for further service in private colliery, quarry and industrial applications.

It is assumed that 355 was allocated for workshop service, either shunting or as a mobile or stationary steam generator. Following renumbering to 1033 in 1924, the engine continued in workshop service, where it was noted at Goulburn in 1940, until hired to the Public Works Department for shunting the Port Kembla network.

Upon return to the Railways in 1951, the locomotive saw further departmental service at Eveleigh Workshops, being allocated there throughout the 1960s, in use as a stationary boiler. Locomotive 1033 was withdrawn in March 1967 and set aside for the NSW Rail Transport Museum at Enfield, finally arriving at Thirlmere in 1975.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Shaping inland settlements-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Transporting troops and equipment-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Steam Locomotive 1033 has a high level of historical significance. The locomotive was introduced, along with other members of the F class, to haul the increasingly heavier trains on the expanding Sydney suburban network. As a member of the F-351 class, the locomotive replaced a number of earlier tender engines of various classes and allowed for improved timetable running in Sydney. The class has historical significance as a Royal Commission was held following a very serious fatal collision occurred at Sydenham in 1901 involving class member 363, after which the class was severely restricted.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Based on current knowledge, Steam Locomotive 1033 is not known to have any special associations with people or events of significance in a local or state context. It does not have significance under this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Steam Locomotive 1033 has moderate aesthetic significance as it is an attractive small engine produced in England in the late 19th century with a polished brass dome shade, tall chimney and large wheels.

Steam Locomotive 1033 has a low level of technical significance as a good example of a late 19th century English engine of a small scale, reflecting the limited nature of the suburban network for which they were designed.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The Steam Locomotive 1033 is likely to have a degree of social value for the community-based associations who have demonstrated an ongoing interest in its conservation and management. This item may also have a degree of social significance to a broader section of the community linked to its historic, aesthetic and associative values.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Steam Locomotive 1033 has a low level of research significance. The locomotive demonstrates the use of smaller engines for the expansion and development of the suburban network during the late 19th century.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Steam Locomotive 1033 is rare as one of only two extant examples (of an original order of 18) in this class.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Steam Locomotive 1033 is a good representative example of the small locomotives that were used throughout the NSW railway system for suburban passenger service in the 1880s. The locomotive is also a good example of the way in which superseded locomotives often found use in railway workshops and with private companies.
Integrity/Intactness: Steam Locomotive 1033 has a moderate level of integrity and intactness.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
SRA Heritage Rolling Stock Stage 2b Heritage Assessments2000 David Sheedy Pty Ltd Architects and Heritage ConsultantsSteven Adams Yes
S170 Rolling Stock Review2009 NSW Department of Commerce  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenGrunbach, A1989A Compendium of New South Wales Steam Locomotives
WrittenOberg, L1975Locomotives in Australia
WrittenStephen Tolhurst http://www-personal.usyd.edu.au/~stephen/trains/X10/1033.shtml

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4807205


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