Heritage

Locomotive, Steam Crane 1034

Item details

Name of item: Locomotive, Steam Crane 1034
Other name/s: Shop 318, Lo 03
Type of item: Movable / Collection
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Locomotives & Rolling Stock
Primary address: Thirlmere Railway Precinct, Thirlmere, NSW 2572
Local govt. area: Wollondilly
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Thirlmere Railway PrecinctThirlmereWollondilly  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Steam Crane Locomotive 1034 has heritage significance as a rare extant example of an early specialised steam locomotive built for service on the New South Wales Government Railways, closely associated with the activities of the Railway Workshops in departmental service, pre-dating the establishment of the Eveleigh Workshops. Only the second locomotive of its type to be imported, it has high technical significance and demonstrates well the role played by crane locomotives in materials handling in the operations of the Railway Workshops in the latter part of the 19th and early 20th century. This locomotive is rare as it was the second engine in the class and is the only survivor. Its form and character clearly demonstrate its function of lifting and transfer, with a combination of manual and power assisted elements: it easily interprets its role in a workshop of major depot location.
Date significance updated: 13 Nov 09
Note: There are incomplete details for a number of items listed in NSW. The Heritage Branch intends to develop or upgrade statements of significance and other information for these items as resources become available.

Description

Designer/Maker: Henry Dubs and Company Ltd, Glasgow
Builder/Maker: Henry Dubs and Company Ltd, Glasgow
Physical description: EXTERNAL
Locomotive 1034 is a self-propelled, two-cylinder, simple, non-condensing, saturated, coal-fired, 0-4-0 steam crane locomotive. It has a swivelling jib and a 4-ton lifting capacity. The locomotive has inside frames, small diameter spoked wheels and short wheelbase for adhesion and negotiating tight curves, and an enclosed cab (currently removed for restoration). It is fitted with side tanks (currently removed for restoration), fabricated stovepipe chimney, and an open cab with a low profile steel plate roof (the roof was fibreglass in the 1960s, but is no longer extant). The locomotive is painted in primer with no road numbers. In the 1960s it was painted green.

MECHANICAL
It has two outside inclined cylinders fitted with alligator crossheads, inside Stephenson link motion with rods fitted with strapped big ends. It is fitted with a jib of riveted construction, provided with a chain hoist rated at 3 tons working on a powered drum with the whole is mounted on the boiler barrel. Luffing is not possible though power for slewing is via a worm gear driven by a single-cylinder steam engine mounted vertically on the rear of the right side tank. It is fitted with hook drawgear. All wheels run in plain journal bearings with drip-feed oil axleboxes.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Operational Status: Partially dismantled/under restoration. Suitable for display only.
General Condition: Moderate Condition
External Condition: Moderate Condition
Internal Condition: Poor Condition

EXTERNAL CONDITION
The crane is currently undergoing restoration and a number of components have been removed, including the connecting /coupling rods, handrails, cab and cab fittings, side tanks, and some jib operating gear. There are no cables, chains or hooks.

INTERNAL CONDITION
The cab has been removed and there are no controls, no gauges and no valves.

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
Asbestos contamination risk. Paint on body may contain lead due to age of vehicle.
Date condition updated:21 Oct 09
Modifications and dates: 1886 - Built by Henry Dubs & Co., Glasgow. Allocated to Eveleigh Workshops as Shop 318.
1901 - Renumbered LO 03.
Post-1900 - Double buffers and sanding gear removed.
1924 - Renumbered 1034.
1952 - Through air pipe fitted.
Cab and spectacle plate fitted at some stage.
1960s - Painted in green livery (on the side tanks).
June 1969 - Withdrawn from service and set aside.
Early 1980s - Partially dismantled remains of this engine noted at Macdonaldtownn. Eventually placed into the custodianship of the New South Wales Rail Transport Museum.
2008-09 - Currently undergoing restoration.
Current use: NSW Government Railways Collection
Former use: Steam Crane Locomotive

History

Historical notes: Crane locomotive 1034 was designed and built by Henri Dubs and Company, Glasgow, to the order of the New South Wales Government Railways and was built as works number 2250. The second of three similar 4 ton crane locomotives, 1034 entered service in 1886, initially allocated to Eveleigh Workshops, Redfern and numbered among the machinery list as Shop 318.

Records show the locomotive remaining at Eveleigh where it was in service providing mobile lifts assisting in the workshops. It was renumbered LO 03 around 1901 and following the 1924 classification system was allocated number 1034 in the X10 class. A through air pipe was fitted in the early 1950s to allow its use on ‘kibble’ trains, where it provided the capability for lifting skips or ‘kibbles’ of rubbish from the platforms in the metropolitan area or from the permanent way, the contents being emptied onto rail trucks on the train. (Kibbles were large steel bins, fitted with a lifting beam to allow being raised by crane jib). The engine spent the remainder of its service life at Eveleigh before being withdrawn in June 1969 and set aside. The partially dismantled remains of this engine were noted at Macdonaldtown during the early 1980s before its eventual move to Thirlmere and into the custodianship of the New South Wales Rail Transport Museums where it is currently dismantled, pending restoration.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Industry-Activities associated with the manufacture, production and distribution of goods Making railway journeys-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Shaping inland settlements-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Railway operations workers-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Steam Crane Locomotive 1034 has historical significance as it demonstrates an early type of locomotive closely associated with the activities of the Railway Workshops in departmental service, pre-dating the establishment of the Eveleigh Workshops.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Based on current knowledge, Steam Crane Locomotive 1034 is not known to have any special associations with people or events of significance in a local or state context. It does not have significance under this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Steam Crane Locomotive 1034 has aesthetic significance as its form and character clearly demonstrate its function of lifting and transfer, with a combination of manual and power assisted elements: it easily interprets its role in a workshop of major depot location.

Steam Crane Locomotive 1034 has a high level of technical significance. It demonstrates steam crane technology at the height of the expansion of the NSWGR and is associated with the engineering operations of the Eveleigh Workshops.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The Steam Crane Locomotive 1034 is likely to have a degree of social value for the community-based associations who have demonstrated an ongoing interest in its conservation and management. This item may also have a degree of social significance to a broader section of the community linked to its historic, aesthetic and associative values.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Steam Crane Locomotive 1034 has moderate research significance. The locomotive has the potential to reveal information regarding the operations of important railway workshops, including Eveleigh Workshops.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Steam Crane Locomotive 1034 is rare. This class of crane locomotive was the first for the NSW railways, and this locomotive is considered rare as it was the second engine in the class and is the only survivor. It is one of a handful of steam crane locomotives surviving and closely associated with Eveleigh.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Steam Crane Locomotive 1034 is a good representative example of the crane locomotives in service on NSWGR during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Integrity/Intactness: Steam Crane Locomotive 1034 has a moderate level of integrity and intactness. It is currently in a partially dismantled state, some elements being in very poor condition.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
SRA Heritage Rolling Stock Stage 2b Heritage Assessments2000 David Sheedy Pty Ltd Architects and Heritage ConsultantsSteven Adams Yes
S170 Rolling Stock Review2009 NSW Department of Commerce  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenGrunbach, A1989A compendium of New South Wales Steam Locomotives
WrittenMcNicol, S1985Preserved N.S.W.G.R. Steam
WrittenObert, L1975Locomotives of Australia
WrittenRTM2002Locomotive Crane 1034 CMP

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4807206


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