Heritage

Locomotive, Steam 1307

Item details

Name of item: Locomotive, Steam 1307
Other name/s: No 92
Type of item: Movable / Collection
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Locomotives & Rolling Stock
Primary address: Yass Railway Station Museum, Yass, NSW 2582
Local govt. area: Yass Valley
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Yass Railway Station MuseumYassYass Valley  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Locomotive 1307 has heritage significance as it is associated with the operations of suburban services in Sydney, at the turn of the 20th century and tramway services in NSW. It has high social significance being strongly associated with the development of the Yass district through its operation of the Yass Tramway from 1910 where it was long engaged. Historically, Locomotive 1307 demonstrates the lengthy asset life cycles of the NSWGR (Including its time as a C79 or Z12 Class tender engine), as it may be the longest serving locomotive in the history of rail systems in New South Wales. It can demonstrate the longevity of assets in the NSWGR, as it may be the longest serving locomotive in the history of rail systems in New South Wales with a service life of 94 years and 9 months. The locomotive is technically significant as it incorporated many design features of the earlier tank locomotives of London’s Metropolitan Railway from 1865 but with modifications to give higher tractive effort on more steeply graded NSWGR. It is also considered rare for the use of the Webb radial trailing track, very rare in Australia.
Date significance updated: 18 Dec 09
Note: There are incomplete details for a number of items listed in NSW. The Heritage Branch intends to develop or upgrade statements of significance and other information for these items as resources become available.

Description

Designer/Maker: Beyer, Peacock and Company, Gorton Manchester England
Builder/Maker: Beyer, Peacock and Company, Gorton Manchester England
Physical description: EXTERNAL
Locomotive 1307 is a two-cylinder, simple, non-condensing, saturated ‘Atlantic’ type, 4-4-2 steam locomotive. In appearance it bears a close similarity to the original tank engines of the London Metropolitan Railway of 1865, both classes being built by Beyer, Peacock and Company of Manchester. It has large diameter spoked wheels for speed, inclined cylinders and a radial trailing truck. It has inside plate frames, with inside Stephenson link motion. It is fitted with a Belpaire firebox, four side tanks of riveted construction, an enclosed cab with an extended coalbunker. All wheels are spoked, run in plain journal bearings with drip-feed oil lubricators feeding the axleboxes. The locomotive is painted in black with red lining and red buffer beams.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Operational Status: Non-Operational
General Condition: Good Condition
External Condition: Good Condition
Internal Condition: Good Condition

EXTERNAL CONDITION
Externally the locomotive is in overall good condition. Tank equaliser pipes, drain cocks and linkages are in good condition. Sanding gear and sand box lids remain intact and in good condition. There is severe corrosion under the smoke box which still contains ash that should be removed. Connecting rods are off but stored on site, and several components are missing, including lights, marker lamps, headlight, cab windows, most pipe work and the steps for the cab and shunters front steps. Paint is generally in good condition. The smoke box door is open and the handle is missing. Whistle is missing.

INTERNAL CONDITION
Cab windows and timber floor are missing. Cab roof has been partially restored. Several items are missing including boiler water level gauges, air brake control, gauges, depot plate, blower valve and regulator handle.

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
Asbestos disturbance potential. Lead paint may be present owing to age of vehicle.
Date condition updated:28 Oct 09
Modifications and dates: 1877 - Built by Beyer Peacock & Co, Manchester, as 4-4-0 tender engine numbered C 92, and entered service in June 1877.
1902 - Converted to a 4-4-2T tank engine.
1924 - Recoded 1307.
1972 - Withdrawn from service.
1975 - Transferred to NSW Rail Transport Museum, Thirlmere.
1999 - Transferred to Yass Railway Museum for display.
Current use: NSW Government Railways Collection
Former use: C(79) Class Locomotive

History

Historical notes: Locomotive 1307 was constructed by Beyer, Peacock and Company at their Gorton Foundry, as works number 1637 in 1877. Following shipment the locomotive was landed at Darling Harbour in a dismantled state on 16 June 1877, from the iron sailing ship Portia. Following erection, it entered service on the NSWR, given road number 92. In 1896, due to traction shortages on the expanding Sydney suburban network, a program of converting the surplus C(79) class tender engines to 4-4-2T tank locomotives was commenced, and in 1902, Locomotive 92 entered service in this configuration. The locomotive was then used for Sydney suburban passenger duties until the introduction of the more powerful S(636) class 4-6-4T locomotives from 1903.

As duties were taken over by the newer S class it was displaced from the suburban service and on 12 March 1910 transferred to the Yass Tramway. It remained on this line to haul the first train after the status of the line had changed to that of a railway on 28 May 1917. For service on the Yass Tramway, it was fitted with a larger (K2) generator, to power the passenger carriage's) lights, due to the low speed and short distance involved. It then served on other light lines such as Carlingford in the 1920s, to casino in 1944, the Picton-Mittagong loop line in 1955, Kempsey and Coffs Harbour. It was occasionally to be found at Eveleigh in later years, finally being withdrawn from Clyde on 15 June 1972 following a failed boiler examination after 94 years of service. Locomotive 1307 was transferred to Enfield for the Rail Transport Museum in 1973, arriving at Thirlmere on 17 May 1975. It was stored away from public view from 1983, and became increasingly rusted and derelict through these years of open storage. Apparently some parts were removed in the mid-1980s to further the planned restoration of sister 1308.

It was moved to the Yass Railway Museum in an incomplete state on 2 December 1999 where it remains on static display.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Shaping inland settlements-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Railway work culture-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Transporting troops and equipment-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Steam Locomotive 1307 has a high level of historical significance for its associations with the operation of suburban passenger service in Sydney, demonstrating the motive power available to the NSWGR at the turn of the twentieth century. Its conversion at Eveleigh Workshops from an earlier configuration to a tank locomotive demonstrates the capability and engineering expertise of the railway workshops at this time. It is associated with the Yass Tramway and its role in the development of the town of Yass and surrounding districts where it operated for many years and was used to haul the first train after the status of the line had changed to that of a railway on 28 May 1917. It can demonstrate the longevity of assets in the NSWGR, as it may be the longest serving locomotive in the history of rail systems in New South Wales with a service life of 94 years and 9 months.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Based on current knowledge, Steam Locomotive 1307 is not known to have any special associations with people or events of significance in a local or state context. It does not have significance under this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Steam Locomotive 1307 has a moderate degree of aesthetic significance as it demonstrates the design and style of a locomotive of the late Victorian era with the tall chimney, high wheels, raked running plate and long slender side tanks. The locomotive shows, following conversion to a tank engine, an early attempt to develop a ‘family’ appearance for NSWGR locomotives.

Steam Locomotive 1307 has a high level of technical significance. It demonstrates the popular trends in British railway practice of the day. Progressive for NSWR yet conservative by British standards, the class incorporated many design features of the earlier tank locomotives of London’s Metropolitan Railway from 1865. Round top boilers with Salter safety valves (later replaced with the Ramsbottom type), driving wheels at 5’6, four inches smaller then the English counterparts giving higher tractive effort on more steeply graded NSWGR, and fortuitously more suitbale for suburban service. It demonstrates use of the Webb radial trailing track, very rare in Australia. It also demonstrates the conservatism of the NSWGR at the time of conversion to a tank engine, with the critical design parameters of the now Z13 class, being archaic. It demonstrates by its longevity the extremely well engineered nature of the original design and the skill of those who maintained it over the years in service.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The Steam Locomotive 1307 is likely to have a degree of social value for the community-based associations who have demonstrated an ongoing interest in its conservation and management. This item may also have a degree of social significance to a broader section of the community linked to its historic, aesthetic and associative values.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Steam Locomotive 1307 has a moderate level of research significance with the potential to reveal information regarding the relatively conservative stance of the NSWGR in the late nineteenth century with regard to locomotive design, and illustrates the way in which rolling stock was adapted to reflect the changing needs and requirements of the railway system. It has the potential to reveal information about the design and construction methods of late nineteenth century British locomotive manufacturers.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Steam Locomotive 1307 has is moderately rare as an example of an early form of motive power for the Sydney suburban network. It is an example of an early tramway locomotive, crewed by a driver only, one of only three in existence. It is in a unique position to interpret the operation of the Tramway, with which it was so strongly related.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Steam Locomotive 1307 is a representative example of the group of 20 C79 (Z12) class tender engines converted by Eveleigh Workshops into tank locomotives for the Sydney suburban system. It is representative of the class of engines used for many years on tramways and branch lines.
Integrity/Intactness: Steam Locomotive 1307 retains a moderate level of integrity and intactness. Although missing some key components, the locomotive retains the fabric from its period in suburban tank workings in addition to that relevant to its operation on the Yass Tramway. It should be kept in mind that the primary purpose for retaining 1307 after its withdrawal from service was to provide spare parts for 1219, 1243, 1301 and 1308.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
SRA Heritage Rolling Stock Stage 2b Heritage Assessments2000 David Sheedy Pty Ltd Architects and Heritage ConsultantsSteven Adams Yes
S170 Rolling Stock Review2009 NSW Department of Commerce  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written 20091307 - Yass Tramway Loco
WrittenDavid Sheedy Pty Ltd2000SRA Heritage Rolling Stock Stage 2b Heritage Assessments
WrittenGrunbach, A1989A Compendium of New South Wales Steam Locomotives

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4807212


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