Rdh 2220 - Coaching Stock - Unclassed/Buffet Car

Item details

Name of item: Rdh 2220 - Coaching Stock - Unclassed/Buffet Car
Other name/s: Bh 2220, Bhz 2220, Bha 2220
Type of item: Movable / Collection
Group/Collection: Transport - Rail
Category: Railway Locomotives & Rolling Stock
Primary address: North Eveleigh Heritage Store, Eveleigh, NSW 2015
Local govt. area: Sydney
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
North Eveleigh Heritage StoreEveleighSydney  Primary Address

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
RailCorpState Government 
RailCorpState Government 

Statement of significance:

Unclassed/Buffet Car RDH 2220 has heritage significance as the last conversion to this class of carriage, and also as the last carriage designed for locomotive-hauled trains between major destinations including interstate services prior to the stainless steel carriages being developed. This carriage was last used on the Broken Hill services. The design is significant as the last style of carriage built for NSW country services as well as interstate services. The car retains the riveted steel body, timber lined interiors and judges compartment. It is significant as one of the last riveted steel bodied cars to be built before the introduction of the stainless steel bodied cars to the NSW railways. This carriage is an excellent example of a sitting/buffet car. Built in 1948 as one of eight cars which were later converted to have both for food preparation and counter sales, the car is a good representative example of a NSWGR car that has undergone a number of modifications throughout its working life, reflecting the changing demands and requirements of the railway system. The carriage is considered rare as one of the few riveted steel bodied cars capable of being returned to service.
Date significance updated: 16 Nov 09
Note: There are incomplete details for a number of items listed in NSW. The Heritage Branch intends to develop or upgrade statements of significance and other information for these items as resources become available.

Description

Builder/Maker: Tulloch's
Physical description: EXTERNAL
Sitting & Buffet Carriage RDH 2220 is a riveted steel bodied car riding on two Type 2CA bogies. The car has rubber sealed windows and can be entered by doors at either end. A number of windows on one side of the car however have been infilled as part of the conversion to a buffet car. The car is painted in an Indian Red finish with one yellow stripe below the window frames, and displays Countrylink markings.

INTERNAL
Internally, the car is divided into two main sections, a buffet and a seating compartment. The buffet area features a small food preparation area suitable for take-away meals and refreshments and a sales counter. The seating compartment contains 30 cloth covered seats in a 2+2 arrangement. Luggage racks (which incorporate the air conditioning nozzles) run the length of the compartment on both sides. In one end of the car the former ladies toilet has been converted into a staff toilet, while toilets for both sexes are located at the other end.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Operational Status: Operational
General Condition: Good Condition
External Condition: Good Condition
Internal Condition: Very Good Condition

EXTERNAL CONDITION
Externally, the car is generally in good condition. Corrosion is evident along the roof edges for the full length of the car, and the top row of rivets on each external wall has signs of corrosion. The car has no end gangway bow springs. Jumper cables and the water cooler are missing.

INTERNAL CONDITION
The carriage is generally in an excellent condition. The buffet end has been repanelled.

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS
Lead paints are assumed to have been used. Possibly small amounts of asbestos in electrical controls.
Date condition updated:21 Oct 09
Modifications and dates: April 1948 - Built and entered service as HUB set first class saloon car BH 2220.
1964 - B-Type seating replaced by 2+2 seating.
November 1984 - Centre partition installed to separate smoking and non-smoking areas. Recoded BHZ 2220.
May 1989 - Recoded BH 2220.
August 1989 - Rebuilt with two lavatories at one end. Recoded BHA 2220.
June 1996 - Converted to unclassed buffet car and recoded RDH 2220.
Current use: NSW Government Railways Collection
Former use: Sitting & Buffet Carriage

History

Historical notes: Sitting and buffet carriage RDH 2220 entered service in April 1948 as one of eight first-class cars in the HUB sets and coded BH. Originally, the car sat 36 in 2 and 1 rotating and reclining B-Type seats of a different style to the later RUB set cars, but these were replaced by 2+2 seats of the same style as the RUB set cars in early 1964. The new seating capacity was 48, and toilets were located off each entrance.

In November 1984, BH 2220 was converted and recoded BHZ. This conversion involved the installation of a centre partition to separate smoking and non-smoking areas in the single saloon. Between July 1983 and October 1988 a total of five cars (BH 2220, 2221, 2222, 2224 and 2225) were converted and recoded BHZ. In 1989, BHZ 2220, 2221, 2224 and 2225 reverted to the BH code, with only the top of the partition in the ceiling area remaining.

Between 1987 and 1989 Nos. 2220, 2222, 2223 and 2227 were rebuilt with two lavatories at one end, enabling the fitting of 60 first-class rotating and reclining seats, and were recoded BHA. These cars were to provide better seating for economy class passengers on the overnight trains.

In order to permit the reintroduction of limited locomotive-hauled services to Broken Hill and Griffith in 1996, BHA 2220 was converted to an unclassed/buffet car and recoded RDH in June 1996. A total of eight cars have carried this code. The first seven, converted from HUB set buffet-sitting cars, were involved in the day-nighter conversion program. These cars had the buffet area enlarged and rebuilt to include a sales counter. The cars were altered to work with the ABS dining cars on the Gold Coast Motorail, as the ABS cars had no facilities for take away-meals or refreshments. There were only minor differences between the former RBH and RFH cars, since the RFH doors were relocated to the RBH locations.

The original intention was to provide a small lounge area beside the buffet, but this was not proceeded with, as it would have reduced seating capacity. The former ladies' toilet in the RBH became the staff toilet. New toilets for both sexes were located at the former men's end. The cars sat 30 in the new configuration. Those cars converted between 1975 and 1977 had carpet placed along the wall below the window line and on part of the ceiling to improve sound insulation.

Nos 2232, 2235, 2237 and 2238 were renumbered 2752, 2155, 2157 and 2758 between July and December 1981, reverting to their old numbers in mid-1982. RDH 2232, destroyed by fire at Coopernook, was condemned in May 1983. Following the cessation of the locomotive-hauled air-conditioned trains to Brisbane and Murwillumbah in 1990, RDH 2235, 2236 and 2238 were withdrawn. No.2239 was sold to Steamrail after condemnation.

The eighth conversion to this class occurred in June 1996, when BHA 2220 was altered for use on the re-introduced locomotive hauled services to Broken Hill and Griffith. Along with 2233, it was still on the books in July 1999.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Creation of railway towns-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements Railway work culture-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Unclassed/Buffet Car RDH 2220 has a high level of historical significance. This carriage is significant as the last conversion to this class of carriage, and also as the last carriage designed for locomotive-hauled trains between major destinations including interstate services prior to the stainless steel carriages being developed. This carriage was last used on the Broken Hill services.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Based on current knowledge, Unclassed/Buffet car RDH 2220 is not known to have any special associations with people or events of significance in a local or state context. It does not have significance under this criterion.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Unclassed/Buffet Car RDH 2220 has aesthetic significance. The design is significant as the last style of carriage built for NSW country services as well as interstate services. The car retains the riveted steel body, and timber lined interiors.

Unclassed/Buffet Car RDH 2220 has technical significance. It is significant as one of the last riveted steel bodied cars to be built before the introduction of the stainless steel bodied cars to the NSW railways.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The Unclassed/Buffet Car RDH 2220 is likely to have a degree of social value for the community-based associations who have demonstrated an ongoing interest in its conservation and management. This item may also have a degree of social significance to a broader section of the community linked to its historic, aesthetic and associative values.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
Unclassed/Buffet Car RDH 2220 has research significance. The car has the potential to reveal information regarding the practice of converting cars in order to cater for the changing needs and requirements of the NSW railways. The car has the potential to reveal information regarding the final stages of the development of the riveted steel bodied car prior to the introduction of the stainless steel bodied car.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Unclassed/Buffet Car RDH 2220 has rarity significance. The carriage is considered rare as a member of the last class of carriages designed for locomotive hauled trains between major destinations including interstate services prior to the stainless steel carriages being developed. It is also rare as one of the few riveted steel bodied cars capable of being returned to service.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Unclassed/Buffet Car RDH 2220 is a good representative example of a NSWGR car that has undergone a number of modifications throughout its working life, reflecting the changing demands and requirements of the railway system. It is an excellent example of an RDH unclassed/buffet car.
Integrity/Intactness: Unclassed/Buffet Car RDH 2220 retains a high level of integrity and intactness. The food preparation area has been extended to allow for counter sales.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - s.170 NSW State agency heritage register     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
S170 Rolling Stock Review2009 NSW Department of Commerce  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenCooke, D; Estell. D; Seckold, D; Beckhaus. J.2003Coaching Stock of the NSW Railways, Volume 2
WrittenGreen Air Services Pty Ltd2007SRA Rolling Stock Condition and Maintenance Assessment, Part 2
WrittenMatthews, T2005Carriages - A century of NSW locomotive-hauled railway carriages

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: State Government
Database number: 4807293


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