Edinglassie | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Edinglassie

Item details

Name of item: Edinglassie
Type of item: Landscape
Group/Collection: Farming and Grazing
Category: Homestead Complex
Location: Lat: -32.3031817861 Long: 150.8290432170
Primary address: 710 Denman Road, Muswellbrook, NSW 2333
Parish: Brougham
County: Durham
Local govt. area: Muswellbrook
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Wanaruah
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT15 DP228159
LOT141 DP533001
LOT1 DP601359
LOT1 DP90622
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
710 Denman RoadMuswellbrookMuswellbrookBroughamDurhamPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

Primary Significance:
The Edinglassie property including the Edinglassie homestead, associated buildings and Rous Lench cottage are closely associated with the earliest European occupation of the area and collectively represent one of the earliest land grants of the initial settlement of the Hunter Valley;

The Edinglassie property demonstrates various phases of human activities such as settlement and clearing, water supply and management, sheep and cattle running, development of specialist cattle breeding activities, recreation, viticulture and horse breeding;

The Edinglassie homestead with its associated outbuildings and Rous Lench cottage are good architectural examples of their type and style;

The Edinglassie property demonstrates an excellent application of the Arcadian design approach to the siting of structures and elements in the landscape which is rare in the region;

Secondary significance:
The place is also significant because:
It is associated with George Forbes, the original grantee, who was one of the 'gentry' settlers in the early settlement of the area;

It is associated with a prominent family, the Whites, a leading pastoral dynasty, who were synonymous with the opening and development of the region;

It illustrates the degree of opulence achieved and lifestyles led by the leading pastoral families in the area;

It is associated with a significant Australian architect, John Horbury Hunt;

It is a well known landmark, and has provided a community focus over a number of generations form the turn of the 19th century;

It has extant and potential intact archaeological evidence capable of helping interpret past occupation and lifestyles of the area (Tropman & Tropman Architects, 1993, 149).

The siting of the homestead is intrinsic to its significance.
Date significance updated: 31 Jul 07
Note: There are incomplete details for a number of items listed in NSW. The Heritage Division intends to develop or upgrade statements of significance and other information for these items as resources become available.

Description

Construction years: 1880-1895
Physical description: Site/Grounds
The house is approached through original iron gates and through well kept grounds containing many fine mature trees, including some Queensland species brought from other White family properties. The homestead is set back from the access road, and a substantial line of screening trees fronts the entrance. The siting of the homestead is intrinsic to its significance.

House
A 2 storey sandstone house with hipped iron roof of simplified Italianate style built in two stages c1880, and c1895, for James White. Each elevation is assymetrical about a large full height projecting bay with a continuous single storey verandah (originally 2 stories to east and south) supported on cast iron columns stamped `F. REVETT, W. MAITLAND.'

The fourteen principal rooms have a variety of pressed metal ceilings and marble and timber fireplaces whilst the fine joinery throughout is of cedar. All joinery has been sensitively restored.

Outbuildings
A timber bridge links across a large trussed roof breezeway to a 2 storey service wing containing the original kitchen. Close to the house is the fine stables group of buildings designed by Hunt in timber and built in the 1880s. Although lacking in the more exuberant details characteristic of Hunt's work, these buildings nonetheless form a coherent and impressive whole. Other buildings include a meat house, killing shed and dovecote.

Site/Grounds
The house is approached through original iron gates and through well kept grounds containing many fine mature trees, including some Queensland species brought from other White family properties.
Modifications and dates: 2004 Power line installed across front of property, involving the removal of 3 trees: The proposal involves the removal of 3 trees. An arborist report, submitted as part of the application identifies this fabric as:

1 x yellow box, Eucalyptus melliodora, 40-45 years old, 12 meters high &
2 x Lombardy poplar (Populus nigra 'Italica), native to Italy. 10-14 years old. 5 meters high
Former use: agriculture

History

Historical notes: The land on which both Edinglassie and Rous Lench are located was the original Portion 4 of the Parish of Brougham in the County of Durham. This comprised an area of 1280 acres the deed of grant for which was issued to George Forbes on 1 August 1839. Like many grants of the period the land had been occupied for many years before it was officially surveyed and the deed grant issued.

A 2 storey sandstone house with hipped iron roof of simplified Italianate style built in two stages c1880, and c1895, for James White.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Clearing land for farming-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Growing vines and maintaining vineyards-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Experimenting with new breeds of stock-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture Pastoralism - grazing sheep, cattle, goats or other animals-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences Technologies for reticulated water supply-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Housing farming families-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Granting Crown lands for private farming-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. Living in a rural homestead-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation Enjoying public parks and gardens-

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for commentBHP Billiton submits CMP for Edinglassie & Rous Lench Homesteads  
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0017002 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0017002 Dec 83 1675449
Regional Environmental PlanHunter REP 1989 03 Nov 89 1079350
National Trust of Australia register Edinglassie Including gardens, curtilage and adjoi403323 Jun 80   
Register of the National Estate - Interim 00134   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Section 170 register199842Pacific Power  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenHansen Bailey2007Bengalla Mining Company European Heritage Management Plan
WrittenHeritas (Linda Babic); Mayne-Wilson & Associates2013Edinglassie - Conservation Management Plan
WrittenTropman & Tropman, Architects1993Edinglassie & Rous Lench - preliminary Conservation Management Plan

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5045625
File number: S90/05833 & HC 32464


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