Perth House and Stables | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Perth House and Stables

Item details

Name of item: Perth House and Stables
Type of item: Complex / Group
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Location: Lat: -33.8150043163 Long: 151.0076729070
Primary address: 85 George Street, Parramatta, NSW 2150
Parish: St John
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Parramatta
Local Aboriginal Land Council: Deerubbin
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
   CP/SP74416
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
85 George StreetParramattaParramattaSt JohnCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

Perth House and Stables is of State significance as it demonstrates c.1850 aspirations with regard to taste and lifestyle on a domestic level. It demonstrates a high degree of creative excellence and is a fine example of medium sized domestic architecture. It has strong associations with important figures such as George Oakes and James Houison. (Howard Tanner & Associates, 1987)
Date significance updated: 27 Oct 06
Note: There are incomplete details for a number of items listed in NSW. The Heritage Division intends to develop or upgrade statements of significance and other information for these items as resources become available.

Description

Designer/Maker: James Houison
Builder/Maker: James Houison
Construction years: 1841-1841
Physical description: Site:
To the west of the house and north of the stables near the footpath on George Street is a large mature Moreton Bay fig (Ficus macrophylla), thought to date from c.1844-6, in the time of Oakes. This tree is most probably a remnant of the original cottage garden of Perth House (Tanner & Blackmore CMP, 1988, as quoted in Gerloff, 2010).

West of the house is the carriageway, leading to the stone out-building (former stables) behind (south of) the house.

Buildings:
Single storey Colonial/Victorian Georgian residence with a hipped roof to a central block with encircling verandahs. Constructed of coursed and dressed sandstone blocks with quoins 2 courses deep. The spacing of the Doric moulded square timber verandah pots is unusual. The verandah is paved with stone. Small paned sash windows and a 6 panelled door with fanlight. Generous grounds and plantings. Cedar joinery. Two storied stone out-building at the rear. Archaeological Site: AZP Cross Reference: PC 71
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Physical condition is good.
Date condition updated:27 Oct 06
Current use: Commercial (café)
Former use: Residence, school for girls

History

Historical notes: Perth House, stables and carriageway were built in 1841 by James Houison for George Oakes, a landholder of the Parramatta district and a NSW State Parliamentarian. The architect of the house was James Houison, who designed many houses in Parramatta. The original cottage garden around the house, stables and carriage way was likely to have been planted between 1844 and 1846, including the Moreton Bay fig (Ficus macrophylla) which survives today (Gerloff, 2010).

A photo in 1880 shows Perth House was used as a girls' school at that time (Kass, 1996, ML SLNSW PX*D 302/3/25)

Archaeological Site Data Convict Allotments:
1823 return: 'Government'.
1823 Lease: none.
Grant: George Oakes.
Sec 17 Allt 2.

Sites of Buildings:
C1792 map: convict allotment?.
c1804 map: building.
1823 map: building.
1844 map: building of wood.

Extant building: post 1844 building "Perth House" and outbuildings, brick barrel drain.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Environment - cultural landscape-Activities associated with the interactions between humans, human societies and the shaping of their physical surroundings Significant tree(s) providing urban amenity-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Housing-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages 19th century suburban developments-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Developing suburbia-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Domestic life-Activities associated with creating, maintaining, living in and working around houses and institutions. (none)-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with James Houison, colonial architect-
9. Phases of Life-Marking the phases of life Persons-Activities of, and associations with, identifiable individuals, families and communal groups Associations with George Oakes, State Parliamentarian and Parramatta landholder-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Perth House and Stables reflects the changing circumstance of Parramatta through the gradual attrition of the land holding. The relatively small accomodation of the house caused its occasional enlargement to the south, firstly by enclosure of the south west verandah area. Division into flats and offices in the 20th century reflected the increasing commercialisation of central Parramatta, with key residential areas on its fringe. (Howard Tanner & Associates, 1987)
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
Perth House was apparently built for pastoralist George Oakes, son of a former missionary, who became first Member of the Legislative Assembly for Parramatta as well as a lengthy involvement in local municipal politics. Perth House is also associated with James Houison, who arrived in the colony as a steerage passenger, quickly established himself as an astute builder and urban land speculator and later became known as an architect/builder of recognised talent as well as an important figure in municipal politics.

The site has further significance due to its association with the Superintendent of Government Buildings at Parramatta who resided on the site - adjacent to the Lumbar yard - at an earlier date. (Howard Tanner & Associates, 1987)
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
This item is aesthetically significant.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
This item is technically or scientifically significant.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
Perth House and Stables has a considerable degree of unity in its materials, form and scale and is a rare reminder of the harmonious and generally low scale architectural character once in Parramatta.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
Perth House and stable is an important and typical example of a c.1850 house designed by the fashionable Parramatta architect of the day, James Houison. (Howard Tanner & Associates, 1987)
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Recommendations

Management CategoryDescriptionDate Updated
Recommended ManagementProduce a Conservation Management Plan (CMP) 
Recommended ManagementPrepare a maintenance schedule or guidelines 
Recommended ManagementCarry out interpretation, promotion and/or education 

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
57(2)Exemption to allow workStandard Exemptions SCHEDULE OF STANDARD EXEMPTIONS
HERITAGE ACT 1977
Notice of Order Under Section 57 (2) of the Heritage Act 1977

I, the Minister for Planning, pursuant to subsection 57(2) of the Heritage Act 1977, on the recommendation of the Heritage Council of New South Wales, do by this Order:

1. revoke the Schedule of Exemptions to subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act made under subsection 57(2) and published in the Government Gazette on 22 February 2008; and

2. grant standard exemptions from subsection 57(1) of the Heritage Act 1977, described in the Schedule attached.

FRANK SARTOR
Minister for Planning
Sydney, 11 July 2008

To view the schedule click on the Standard Exemptions for Works Requiring Heritage Council Approval link below.
Sep 5 2008

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - State Heritage Register 0015502 Apr 99 271546
Heritage Act - Permanent Conservation Order - former 0015515 May 81 692657
Local Environmental Plan  21 Jul 89 0844634
Local Environmental Plan  27 Feb 97 20 
Register of the National Estate  14 May 91 1145

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
City of Parramatta Heritage Study1993211Meredith Walker  Yes

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenAdoranti, Kylie2016'Plans bring luxiry 'to the people: 4.5-star hotel's bars and cafes to be open to all'
WrittenDamaris Bairstow1989Perth House : historical archaeology : report
WrittenGerloff, Olga2010Landmark is 165 years old (about the Moreton Bay fig tree on George Street)
WrittenHoward Tanner and Associates Pty. Ltd. and Kate Blackmore.1988Perth House Conservation Plan

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez rez rez rez rez rez
rez rez rez rez
(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5051401
File number: S90/05897 & HC 32408


Every effort has been made to ensure that information contained in the State Heritage Inventory is correct. If you find any errors or omissions please send your comments to the Database Manager.

All information and pictures on this page are the copyright of the Heritage Division or respective copyright owners.