The University of Sydney, University Colleges and Victoria Park (Under consideration) | NSW Environment & Heritage

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The University of Sydney, University Colleges and Victoria Park (Under consideration)

Item details

Name of item: The University of Sydney, University Colleges and Victoria Park (Under consideration)
Other name/s: Grose Farm, St Paul's College, St John's College, St Andrew's College, Women's College (SHR no. 01726), Wesley College, Sancta Sophia College
Type of item: Conservation Area
Group/Collection: Education
Category: University
Hectares (approx): 63
Property description
Lot/Volume CodeLot/Volume NumberSection NumberPlan/Folio CodePlan/Folio Number
LOT7035 DP1051257
LOT7046 DP1051316
LOT30 DP1117009
LOT31 DP1117009
LOT1966 DP1117595
LOT1 DP1124852
LOT2 DP1124852
LOT1 DP1131578
LOT1001 DP1159799
LOT1 DP1171804
LOT11 DP1171806
LOT1 DP1176958
LOT2 DP1176958
LOT1 DP130326
LOT2 DP130326
LOT3 DP130326
LOT1 DP137172
LOT1 DP179964
LOT1 DP185551
LOT2 DP207856
LOT552 DP752049
LOT577 DP752049

Boundary:

The study area extends from the intersection of Parramatta and City Roads towards the west, and is bounded by Carillon Avenue in the south and Missenden Road in the west. Excluding the Royal Prince Alfred Hospital site and an allotment on the corner of Parramatta and Missenden Roads.

Owner/s

Organisation NameOwner CategoryDate Ownership Updated
City of SydneyLocal Government 
Moore Theological CollegeReligious Organisation 
Sancta Sophia CollegeReligious Organisation 
St Andrew's CollegeReligious Organisation 
St John's CollegeReligious Organisation 
St Paul's CollegeReligious Organisation 
The Women's CollegeCommunity Group 
Trustees of the Roman Catholic Church for the Archdiocese of SydneyReligious Organisation 
University of SydneyUniversity 
Wesley CollegeReligious Organisation 

Statement of significance:

The University of Sydney, University Colleges and Victoria Park is of state historical significance, as a vestige of Governor Phillip's original 1,000 acres (404 ha) 'Kanguroo Ground' Crown reserve of 1790 and for its connection to the 18th century British government's approach to colonialism and its concept of 'terra nullius' as the foundation for dispossession of Aboriginal land in the immediate area of Sydney.

The cultural landscape is of state heritage significance for its ability to demonstrate activities of the colonial era (1792-1855) associated with Grose Farm, convict stockade, and female orphan school.

The place is of state heritage significance in demonstrating the aspirations of colonial Sydney to shape its own society, polity and ideals; which ultimately led to the establishment of the University of Sydney and University Colleges by Acts of Parliament in 1850 and 1854 respectively that created the university at Grose Farm.

The University of Sydney is of state historical significance as the first and oldest university in Australia, dating from 1850. Reflecting in the cultural landscape changes in tertiary education, landscape design, institutional architecture, economic development and social attitudes; including pioneering university eduction for women in NSW (1881) and the establishment of the first university college for women in Australia, Women's College in 1892.

The Main Quadrangle Building, the Anderson Stuart Building and the Gate Lodges, together with St Paul's, St John's and St Andrew's Colleges, as a rare composition, comprise what is the most important group of Gothic and Tudor Revival style architecture in New South Wales and potentially Australia, deliberately evoke the academic traditions and standards of Oxford and Cambridge, as expressed in the University motto ("Sidere Mens Eadem Mutato", meaning, "though the constellation has changed, the spirit remains the same."). The landscape and grounds features, including Victoria Park, associated with these buildings contribute to its values of civic virtue and support the existence and appreciation of their state aesthetic significance.

The cultural landscape is aesthetically significant at a state level reflecting directly the influence of E.T. Blacket (1850s), Sir J. Sulman (1890s), W.L.Vernon (1900s), W.B. Griffin (1910s), Professor L. Wilkinson (1920s) and the Government Architect's Office (1960s) in shaping the place. In particular, Blacket's location of the Great Hall and East Range of the Quadrangle (1854-1862) utilised the site's topography to provide a dramatic presentation of the University on approach from the city, a setting with planning axis that still remains.

Victoria Park is a significance Victorian-era park dedicated in 1870. The park retains substantial components of its foramative 19th-century planning and design, including the grand avenue llinking City Road and the remaining original gate lodge to the tower of the Main Building of the University.

The University of Sydney and Victoria Park as connected landscapes have tangible links to Charles Moore, Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens (1848-1896) and subsequent designers using prevalent 19th century theories of landscape design, plant material and horticultural techniques.

Strongly associated with Professor Leslie Wilkinson and the implementation of his 1920 master plan, the University grounds, more than any other site, reflect Wilkinson's work in beautifying and unifying buildings and their settings. This pursuit of beauty can also be seen in the work of Professor E. G. Waterhouse, who made a significant contribution to the planning and planting of gardens in the Inter-war years.

The University of Sydney is of state social significance for its role as a site for student activism during the 20th century. In particular, the 1965 Freedom Ride, Vietnam War and conscription protests.

The 1965 Freedom Ride, a bus tour of University of Sydney students led by Charles Perkins--the first Aboriginal person to head an Australian Government department--shone a spotlight on the parlous state of Australia's race relations and is now recognised as one of Australia's most significant civil rights events.

As an esteemed Alma Mater the University of Sydney's association with eminent men and women who are its graduates, academics and chancellory demonstrates a major contribution to all aspects of Australian society and the nation's development.
Date significance updated: 16 Feb 16
Note: There are incomplete details for a number of items listed in NSW. The Heritage Division intends to develop or upgrade statements of significance and other information for these items as resources become available.

Description

Designer/Maker: E.T. Blacket (1850s); W.B. Griffin (1910s); Prof. L. Wilkinson (1920s); Government Architects Office
Construction years: 1855-
Physical description: The topography of the place is gently undulating. There is a ridge approximating the line of Eastern Avenue, and the land falls to the east and west away from the ridge. The place displays the character of university use since the mid nineteenth century. The cultural landscape is an eclectic mix of buildings, open spaces, tree-lined avenues and internal streets and ornamental planting. Major lawn areas in The Quadrangle (to the east of and within the Main Quadrangle Building), the Botany Lawn, the Hockey Square and the various oval and other playing fields such as tennis courts.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Generally the University and College's buildings are in fair to excellent condition. Victoria Park is maintained by the City of Sydney and is in fair to excellent condition.
Date condition updated:08 Sep 15
Modifications and dates: The cultural landscape is continually evolving.
Further information: With increasing development of the University and University Colleges the amount of open space has declined.
Current use: University education, student accommodation and recreation park inlcuding swimming pool .
Former use: Stock agistment, Grose Farm, convict stockade, and female orphan school. Designated land reserve (1789) for school, Crown and church purposes.

History

Historical notes: As the listing is for the cultural landscape, this history is focussed on land use and summarises its development, rather than the extensive history of the land, the university and its people, the colleges and the park.

The Camperdown and Darlington campuses of The University of Sydney were originally occupied by Aboriginal people of the Cadigal and/or Wannigal clans. The freshwater sources and swamps within or in close proximity to the University grounds, west and east of the Petersham Ridge, may have attracted occasional Aboriginal occupation. What are now City Road and Parramatta Road followed existing aboriginal tracks, which were the only routes due to the topography and surrounding bush.

The study area was cleared farmland from 1789 until the mid nineteenth century when the university was founded. After this time the land-use consisted of university buildings, both for teaching and amenity. The land to the east of Eastern Avenue was part of Victoria Park until the late 1950s.

Phase 1: 1788-1850: the study area was bush and cleared farmlands, with the university established on what had been Grose Farm, female orphan school and convict stockade.

Phase 2: 1850-1880: Construction of the Main Quadrangle building, St Paul's College, St John's College and St Andrew's College.

Phase 3: 1880-1910: The Anderson Stuart building was one of the first buildings to be built to the south of the Main Quadrangle building. The City Road gates and lodge were erected in 1898. The area to the east of what is now Eastern Avenue remained parkland.

Phase 4: 1910-1940: An area roughly east of the line of Eastern Avenue, which had been part of Victoria Park, became part of the University's grounds, although the first buildings were not constructed on it until the late 1950s.

Part 5: 1940-1960: Western side of Eastern Avenue formalised with the construction of Madsen Building (1944) and Chemistry Building (1958).

Phase 6: 1960-1990: Eastern side of Eastern Avenue formalised with the construction of Fisher Library (1962), Carslaw Building (1965) and Fisher Library stack (1971).

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
6. Educating-Educating Education-Activities associated with teaching and learning by children and adults, formally and informally. Public (tertiary) education-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The University of Sydney, University Colleges and Victoria Park is of state significance for its historical connection that dates back to the foundation of the colony. The site encompasses a portion of the original 1000 acre (404.685 ha) 'Kanguroo Ground' reserved by Governor Arthur Phillip in August 1790. Inclusive of timbered land, prominent ridges, and valleys with fresh water sources, this tract of land was designated for church (400 acres), Crown (400 acres) and school (200 acres) usage. The university grounds are a vestige of the latter two areas.

Parramatta Road and City Road, the junction of which defined the north-eastern portion of Phillip's land reserve (now Victoria Park), are considered to have Aboriginal origins as local tracks. The southern track, initially named Bulanaming Road on early plans and later known as Darlington Road, lies within the Darlington Campus grounds.

Governor Phillip's designation of the reserve land for the social, educational and spiritual needs of future generations reflected the British government's approach to colonial strategic planning. The later leasing of the part of this land to military officers (Grose Farm) and its use for agistment, agricultural experimentation, farming education and also a stockade for convicts provides an understanding of the cultural history of the local area.

The University of Sydney is of state significance as the oldest university in Australia. The Camperdown campus is significant because it is a site continuously used for university purposes and was created within a few years of the foundation of university education in Australia, and the buildings, grounds layout, and features demonstrate of major changes in tertiary education, public building planning and design, landscape and streetscape design, and social attitudes to institutions over that period.

A key aspect of the heritage significance of the University grounds is the continuity of planning, development and use from the first buildings in the early 1850s to the present time. Despite expansion and infill development, many planning axes, alignments and building groupings established progressively through the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries remain as prominent and defining features of the University.

The prominence offered by the topography of the Petersham Ridge was utilised to create the first of these, with the placement of Edmund Blacket's Main Quadrangle Building on the crest of the ridge, with sweeping views up to it from the main artery leaving the city, Parramatta Road. The positioning of the building was a conscious statement of the importance of the University. The orientation of the Main Building, and the axis of the view up to it, established two of the most enduring aspects of the planning arrangement of the University, these being the prominence of the Petersham Ridge, which became Eastern Avenue, and of the east-west axis that extends along University Avenue and through Victoria Park, and west of the Main Quadrangle Building along Science Road. Blacket established the architectural style of the early University in the Main Quadrangle Building facing Sydney town, and in the first college building, St Paul's. The distribution of the University colleges around the periphery separated the teaching buildings from the residential, while stressing the communal nature of the University as a whole. James Barnet's design of the Anderson Stuart Building, together with the earlier work by Blacket and the architects William Wardell (St John's College) and William Munro (St Andrew's College) consolidated the sandstone Gothic and Tudor revival architectural character and the dispersed planned form of the early University.

While Edmund Blacket established a visual axis between the Main Quadrangle Building and the first college building, St Paul's, this was lost progressively from the 1930s onwards with the growth of the University in the intervening space. Leslie Wilkinson emphasised a different visual link when he designed the Physics Building so as to retain a view from St Paul's north across the Hockey Square to the developing Science Road area. The aesthetics of this axis are currently partly masked by vegetation growth and an encroaching building, but still survives as a recoverable planning feature.

The expansion of University buildings west from the Main Quadrangle Building emphasised the importance placed on the Petersham Ridge alignment and vistas by the University planners. The late nineteenth century developments either reinforced or extended the original Main Quadrangle Building alignment and architectural style (ie the Anderson Stuart Building), or it was ensured that new development did not intrude on the primary axes east and south. Hence the development west of the ridge along what would become Science Road.

Science Road became the main alignment for expansion, to be roughly paralleled by Manning and Physics Roads to the south in the period from the First World War through the 1930s. The excavation of the ever-deepening Parramatta Road cutting from the 1870s onwards prevented expansion north of Science Road. Science Road catered for the expansion of the scientific and professional courses offered, and this scientific 'campus' survived as a core area for such teaching until the expansion on Eastern Avenue in the 1950s and 1960s, and into Darlington in the 1960s and 1970s. Other disciplines then occupied Science Road, so that the only specialised precinct to survive fully is Veterinary Science at the western end of the road.

The somewhat ad hoc expansion of the university to the west, combined with more limited funding, resulted in a range of architectural styles being used, and building location and site planning was poorly controlled. The Government Architect, Vernon, made plans to impose some unifying planning and stylistic control over campus growth, but this met with only limited success, such as formalised the Science Road alignment to which subsequent buildings were oriented. It took another two decades for Vernon's aims to be realised in the work of Wilkinson.

Government Architect George McRae laid out the first plan for the whole University Camperdown site in 1913 thought it failed to deal with landscaping issues, and was only partially acted upon. It nevertheless remained in use until 1917 when it was re-drawn to include completed works and refinements in planning details. Similarly, Walter Burley Griffin's more landscape-oriented plan of 1915 was not carried through, though Leslie Wilkinson adopted some of Griffin's principles in his 1920 plan. Again, Wilkinson's plan was not carried through to finality, though its influence lasted well beyond his period of control, and is a dominant theme in today's Camperdown Campus, as is his application of a Mediterranean inspired architectural style.

World War II marked a turning point in the planning and style of the University. The immediate need to accommodate the explosion in post-war student enrolments, the lack of a masterplan, and the post-war shortages in materials, combined with the transition of the building industry from trades-based to technology-based methods, led to expedient planning and to building styles that were markedly different from those used before the war. However, the skeleton laid down by earlier planning decisions remained very largely in place. The main road system, and the important vistas they helped to maintain, changed a little.

The east-west axes of University Avenue--Science Road, Manning Road and Physics Road--and the north-south axes of Eastern Avenue, Fisher Road and Western Avenue, were retained, and new construction generally augmented rather than replaced older building, so the evolved character of the Main Quadrangle Building/Anderson Stuart area, Science Road, and much of the western campus survived. Eastern Avenue became a primary teaching area, and provided an axial link into the Darlington Campus as it developed from the early 1960s.

Sport also has been an important factor in University student life and in the use of the University grounds. There are no fewer than five ovals (counting St Paul's, St Andrew's and St John's Colleges), twenty-one tennis courts in four locations, three indoor gymnasiums, three indoor multi-purpose courts, squash courts and an indoor swimming pool. There are grandstands and small tennis pavilions catering to the needs of players and spectators.

The sporting facilities at the University contributed significantly to the retention of open space and green buffers between the built forms of the campus. They are traditional open spaces that are readily associated with university and college life, and they form a strong element of the traditional campus form.

Inspired by the 1961 Freedom Rides in the United States and Martin Luther King's ideology and practice of direct action with non-violent resistance, the University of Sydney's Student Action for Aborigines (SAFA), led by Aboriginal student activist Charles Perkins, organised a bus tour of rural towns in northern New South Wales from 12 to 26 February 1965. 34 students took part. They aimed to draw attention to inadequacies in Aboriginal housing and living conditions and instances of racial segregation in rural towns and thus support Aboriginal people in challenging the status quo. Their methodology was two pronged: detailed survey at all towns with demonstrations at key sites of segregation. Surveys were taken at Wellington, Gulargambone, Walgett, Moree, Boggabilla, Lismore, Bowraville and Kempsey with protests staged at Walgett, Moree, Bowraville and Kempsey.

The Women's College within the University of Sydney, opened in 1892, was the first university college for women in Australia.

The second university college for women in New South Wales was Sancta Sophia College within the University of Sydney, founded in 1925 as a residential college for Catholic Women.
SHR Criteria b)
[Associative significance]
The University of Sydney, University Colleges and Victoria Park has state associational significance with a large number of notable people who were involved in the development and expansion of the University, its lands, the buildings, landscape and grounds. These include the initial land owners, those responsible for and involved in the initial establishment of the University as an institution, and the architects and designers who have designed and constructed the principal buildings and landscapes throughout each campus and developed the master plans for the place.

As a long-standing tertiary institution there are necessarily a large number of people who have been associated with the place that are of importance, not only in NSW or Australia, but potentially worldwide. In particular, there are many academics and former students that have contributed to the fields of science, history, politics, medicine and health, the arts, business, engineering and law, who have strong associations with the place.

In regards to the University of Sydney as an historic cultural landscape, there are a number of people who were involved in the initial establishment and subsequent development of the University and so have strong associations with the place. These include the following:

PERSON —ASSOCIATION/CONTRIBUTION
Governor Arthur Phillip
Part of ‘Kanguroo Ground’ reserved for future church, Crown and school usage (1790).

Lieutenant Governor Francis Grose
Original leaseholder (1792)

William Charles Wentworth
Member of the Legislative Council who initiated the formation of the University of Sydney (1849), Great Hall and East range (1855) and St Pauls College (first stage 1857) Legislative Council

Edward William Terrick Hamilton
First Chancellor of the University (1851-1854)

Sir Charles Nicholson
First Vice Chancellor of the University (1851-1853)

The Rev. John Woolley
First Principal of the University, appointed to the Chair of Classics and Logic (1852-1866)

The Rev. William Binnington Boyce
The Hon. Edward Broadhurst
Sir John Bayley Darvall
The Rt. Rev. Charles Henry Davis
The Hon Sir Edward Deas Thomson
Alfred Robert Denison
The Hon. Sir Stuart Alexander Donaldson
Edward Hamilton
The Hon. James Macarthur
The Hon. Francis Lewis Shaw Merewether
Sir Charles Nicholson
Bartholomew O’Brien
The Rev. William Purves
His Honour Sir Roger Therry
The Hon. William Charles Wentworth
Original 16 members of the Senate appointed by proclamation of the Governor. (1851)

Edmund Blacket
(former NSW Colonial Architect)
First architect for the University of Sydney and responsible for the core buildings the Quadrangle Building. (1854-62)

Charles Moore First Director of the Botanic gardens responsible for the design of the plantings in Victoria Park and University Place in front of Quadrangle (1880)

James Barnet (NSW Government Architect)
Architect for the University of Sydney and part of the Anderson Stuart Building. (1883-92)

Edmund Barton
Graduate of the University, Senate member and Member of the NSW Parliament, representing the seat of the University of Sydney (1879-80). Later, Prime Minister of Australia

Walter Liberty Vernon (NSW Government Architect)
Architect for the University of Sydney and responsible for the first whole of site plan for the place.

George McRae (NSW Government Architect)
Architect for the University, developed a plan for the whole of the place (1914), resulting in the formalising and development of Science Road.

Walter Burley Griffin
Architect who developed a whole of site plan for the University focussing on landscape and visual and planning axes. (1915)

Leslie Wilkinson
First chair of the Faculty of Architecture and architect for the University of Sydney whose campus plan (1920) further developed Griffin’s ideas for the place, many aspects of which survive today. Also integrated a diversity of buildings in Science Road.

Eben Gowrie Waterhouse
A linguist, landscape designer and international camellia expert, Waterhouse worked in collaboration with Wilkinson. The pursuit of beauty, a guiding Interwar philosophy, informed their selection and placement of courtyard planting schemes, street tree avenue planting and character trees. (1920s-1930s)

Mary Elizabeth Brown and Isola Florence Thompson
The first women to enrol (1882) at and graduate (1885) from the University of Sydney

Helen Phillips
Jane Foss Russell
Isabel Fidler
The Tutors to Women Students: (Phillips, 1891-92) (Russell, 1892-99) (Fidler, 1899-1939) The position was established to assist women students in adapting to university life.


The University of Sydney is strongly associated with Charles Perkins, one of the key members of the University of Sydney Student Action for Aborigines that was formed in 1964 to organise the Freedom Ride and was the first university student body in New South Wales dedicated to support Aboriginal rights. Perkins was the first Aboriginal person to head an Australian government department.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The University of Sydney, University Colleges and Victoria Park is of state significance for a number of fine examples of architecture and landscape design, including: R.D Watt Building (1912-16); Heyden-Laurence Building (1899); Holme Building (1910-12); Union Refectory (1922-24, 1939-41); Old Geology Building (1895); Macleay Building (1887); Botany Wing (1925); War Memorial Art Gallery (1953-1958); Main Quadrangle Building (1854-1924, 1966); Pharmacy (1888-1890); Bank Building (1854); Badham Building (1888); John Woolley Building (1908), Manning House (1917); Edward Ford Building (1930); Physics Building (1925); J.D. Stewart Building (1910-12); Round House (1920-21); Baxter’s Lodge (1939-40); Fisher Library (1958-62); Fisher Library Stack (1967-1971); Chemistry Building (1958); Anderson Stuart Building (1885); and Gate Keeper’s Lodge (1898); and St Paul’s College, St John’s College, St Andrew’s College, Sancta Sophia College, Wesley College and The Women’s College.

The Main Quadrangle Building, the Anderson Stuart Building and the Gate Lodges, together with St Paul’s College, St John’s College and St Andrew’s College, comprise what is arguably the most important group of Gothic and Tudor Revival style architecture in Australia, and the landscape and grounds features associated with these buildings contribute to and support the existence and appreciation of their architectural qualities.

The following open spaces and roadways contribute to the aesthetic significance of the place and significant axial views: The Quadrangle, Eastern Range, Hockey Square and Tennis Lawn, University Oval No. 1 and No. 2, St Paul’s College Oval, St John’s Collage Oval, St Andrew’s College Oval, University Place, Science Road, Western Road, Manning Road, Fisher Road, Eastern Avenue, and University Avenue.

The grounds of the University contain a number of aesthetic characteristics that serve to emphasise or highlight the cultural significance of the place as a whole.

These aesthetic values relate to:

- Landscape and planted features, including individual specimen trees; avenues of mature trees, open lawns, designed gardens and courtyards.
- Spatial relationships between the buildings experienced via views, vistas and planned and visual axes as well as vehicular and pedestrian access ways.
- Groups of buildings either lining internal roads or surrounding courtyards or gardens.
- Site features such as the boundary treatments, gateways, artworks (sculptures) and memorials that individually and together contribute to the overall aesthetic and historic character of the University as a whole.
- Individual buildings that demonstrate high quality architectural design and contribute greatly to the overall aesthetic character of the University as a whole.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
The University has substantial social values at state level for a range of affiliated communities and groups. These values are attached to the whole of the University, each of the campuses and individual faculties, as well as smaller precincts, vistas, buildings and features in the grounds of both campuses. These values may be associated with a specific building or element for a range of values as well as for the experiences and memories that these places may hold.

In some cases, these special associations and the high regard that the University is held are demonstrated in the amount of cultural material that exists for the place and by the level of involvement in the University by its alumni and the broader community. For example:

- The number of artworks, media stories and publications with the University as a subject matter;
- The use of the University grounds and buildings as a communal cultural space, including social protest (eg. Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War, and the 1965 Freedom Ride).

The 1960s and 1970s were characterised by world-wide student activism and students at the University of Sydney became involved in protest activity. Students sought greater power within the University and protested over issues such as discrimination against Aborigines, nuclear power, censorship and the White Australia Policy. When Australia became involved in the Vietnam War and conscription was introduced protests became more intense and radical. The scene for much of the activity was the front lawn between the main Quadrangle and Fisher Library, where several meetings were held. Demonstrations were also held outside the buildings of the Sydney University Regiment. 1969 and 1970 saw the most spectacular protests at the University and in 1970 students took part in a nation-wide Moratorium, beginning and ending with gatherings on the front lawn.

As an esteemed Alma Mater the University of Sydney's association with eminent men and women who are its graduates, academics and chancellory demonstrates a major contribution to all aspects of Australian society and the nation's development.
SHR Criteria e)
[Research potential]
The cultural landscape is of state heritage significance for its ability to demonstrate activities of the colonial era (1792-1855) associated with Grose Farm, convict stockade and orphan school. The potential for significant archaeological evidence of the post-European settlement period relates to the pre-university land use of Grose Farm, and the early development of the
University itself.

The heritage significance of the place from a heraldic perspective is paramount within New South Wales and probably Australia. The cultural landscape features such a wide array of coats of arms and crests installed over such a broad period of time; and as such provides a unique prism for research and analysing the history of Sydney, of New South Wales and of Australia.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The University is linked to the early development of NSW and the development of the state and nation. It is an important part of the development of NSW and Australia into the country that it is today. It is a significant rare example of the influence of government-funded education.

The grounds of the University contain a number of buildings and landscapes that are unique. This uniqueness relates to:

- Landscape and planted features, including individual specimen trees; avenues of mature trees, open lawns, designed gardens and courtyards.
- Spatial relationships between the buildings experienced via views, vistas and planned and visual axes as well as vehicular and pedestrian access ways.
- Groups of buildings either lining internal roads or surrounding courtyards or gardens.
- Site features such as the boundary treatments, gateways, artworks (sculptures) and memorials that individually and together contribute to the overall aesthetic and historic character of the University as a whole.
- Individual buildings that demonstrate high quality architectural design and contribute greatly to the overall aesthetic character of the University as a whole.

The Main Quadrangle Building, the Anderson Stuart Building and the Gate Lodges, together with St Paul's, St John's and St Andrew's Colleges, as a rare composition, comprise what is likely to be the most important group of Gothic and Tudor Revival style architecture in New South Wales and potentially Australia
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The University is a tangible representation of the early development of NSW and the development of the state and nation. It represents an important part of the development of NSW and Australia into the country that we see today. It is a significant example of the influence of government-funded education.

The place is of state heritage significance in demonstrating the aspirations of colonial Sydney to shape its own society, polity and ideals, which ultimately led to the establishment of the University of Sydney and University Colleges by Acts of Parliament in 1850 and 1854 respectively; that created the university at Grose Farm.
Integrity/Intactness: Overall, many features of the University of Sydney and University Colleges retain their integrity from the date of their establishment. Such features include the alignment of the site boundaries and their treatments, the internal layout of many of the roads, the configuration of buildings and gardens and the uses of a number of the buildings and precincts.Study of the fabric of the place and the related documentary evidence indicates that most of the components of the place could be restored or reconstructed to an earlier known configuration if this was considered appropriate.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Procedures /Exemptions

Section of actDescriptionTitleCommentsAction date
21(1)(b)Conservation Plan submitted for endorsementGrounds Conservation Management Plan (2013) Camperdown - Darlington Campus  

PDF Standard exemptions for works requiring Heritage Council approval

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Heritage Act - Under consideration for SHR/IHO listingThe University of Sydney and Victoria Park    

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenDr Michael Pearson, Duncan Marshall, Dr. Donald Ellsmore, Dr.Val Attenbrow, Sue Rosen, Rosemary Kerr, Chris Betteridge2002The University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Plan - Volume 1
WrittenGeoffrey Britton Environmental Design & Heritage Consultant2009Conservation Assessment for Victoria Park, City Road, Camperdown, NSW
WrittenThe University of Sydney, Campus Infrastructure Services2014The University of Sydney Grounds Conservation Management Plan (Revised)
WrittenTrevor Howells (1949-2015)2006University of Sydney Architecture

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez
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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Heritage Office
Database number: 5056444
File number: EF14/10022


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