Culture and heritage

Aboriginal heritage

Murni, Dhungang, Jirrar: Living in the Illawarra - Aboriginal people and wild resource use

This book is about Aboriginal people's uses of plants and animals in the Illawarra area, south of Sydney. The title means animal food (Murni), plant food (Dhungang) and fur (Jirrar) in Dharawal language.

The book includes interviews with Aboriginal people, combined with extensive background research. It explores the spiritual and economic significance of various Illawarra environments - including marine, inter-tidal, estuarine, woodland and forest habitats - to the Aboriginal people of the Illawarra.

'Murni, Dhungang, Jirrar: Living in the Illawarra' is consistent with a change in emphasis in the organisation's cultural heritage research. For many years, OEH's Aboriginal cultural heritage management efforts were focused on archaeological sites and objects. More recently, OEH has tried to expand this focus to acknowledge the deep and ongoing connections between Aboriginal communities and their country.

This new publication is part of the Illawarra Aboriginal Heritage Regional Studies program which also includes 'A history of the Aboriginal people of the Illawarra'. These books have already made an impact on national park management and educational activities in the Illawarra. OEH hopes that they will become a valuable resource for the Illawarra Aboriginal community and the wider community for years to come.

Documents to download

This publication is available in two versions.

If you have a broadband internet connection, you may wish to download the complete book:


If you have a dial-up internet connection, you may wish to download sections of the book individually:

More information


The format and structure of this publication may have been adapted for web delivery.

Page last updated: 10 June 2011