Nature conservation

Parks, reserves and protected areas

Resort Roundup Issue 25 Winter 2007

You can read issue 25 of the Kosciuszko National Park Resort Roundup below, or download the full newsletter (PDF - 2.5 MB).

In this edition:

Snow making - an accidental discovery but an integral part of ski resort operations

Snow making has long been an important component of the ski industry, but now more than ever snow making technology has been a welcome adjunct to fickle Mother Nature. One of the challenges posed by climate change is the trend of warmer conditions that can reduce snow fall and inhibit snow retention. An interesting paradox of such a threat is that in the Snowy Mountains, clearer winter night skies mean a greater loss of accumulated daytime radiant heat, therefore potentially increasing the number of cold frosty nights suitable for snowmaking.

Snow is made by snowmaking machines or 'snow guns' that break water into small particles and force these superfine water droplets through cool air. This allows the droplets to coalesce around nucleated ice particles in the atmosphere. Sometimes nucleating agents such as 'Snowmax' - an inert and harmless bacteria - can be added to the snowmaking operation to enhance the nucleating process for crystallising the superfine water droplets. Temperatures below -20C and air that is low in humidity (ie. dry) are generally required before snow can be made. However Snowmax allows snowmaking at higher temperatures, can reduce losses from evaporation and arguably makes a better quality snow.

Controlling the mix of air and water can manipulate the production of wet or dry snow, the choice reflecting the need for heavier snow bases versus light top surface covers for skiing and boarding. Furthermore, the angle and position of the snow guns above the ground can increase the 'hang-time' of the superfine water droplets and thereby increase the amount of time each water droplet and subsequently each ice crystal can grow before settling. Not surprisingly, wind speed and wind direction are also important factors in delivering optimum snow production. To assist in the art of juggling the weather parameters for optimum snowmaking conditions, most resorts are using semi or fully automated systems with specialised computer software.

The provision of snowmaking doesn't come without a significant level of infrastructure including water storage supply, pumps, compressors, pipes, hydrants and snow guns - the latter an advanced piece of machinery compared to the original accidental discovery by a Californian citrus farmer in the 1950's who used his irrigation equipment to water his crop to prevent frost damage but subsequently made snow in the process! The significance of snowmaking is reflected in a number of articles by resort operators within this edition of Resort Round-up, all who were busy over the summer period improving their capacity for snowmaking.

So continue to be grateful for whatever natural snow that Mother Nature decides to give us this season, but spare a thought the next time you are skiing or boarding for those nocturnal workers who are responsible for operating the snowmaking machinery and grooming the slopes - they contribute to enhancing your resort experience and are part of the effort to off-set the challenges posed by climate change.

Snowmaking in Thredbo in 2007 by Kosciuszko Thredbo

Thredbo's snowmaking system was one of the most talked about topics in the mountains last season with its cutting edge technology producing good quality snow and plenty of it. This year has seen even MORE!

Over the summer the mountain department spent in excess of $2 million completing stage 2 of the automation process, so Thredbo's already extensive snowmaking network is now fully automated. To date $4 million dollars has been invested over 2 years to bring the new system online.

The first stage of the process was to automate 140 snow guns and this was completed for the 2006 winter season and it proved a huge success. In fact, "there was a 42% increase in snow production due to automation. Thredbo snow makers were able to produce around 350,000 cubic metres of man-made snow during the 2006 winter season" says Werner Siegenthaler, Thredbo's Mountain Manager.

It's full steam ahead in winter 2007, this season "we're aiming to make around 450,000 cubic metres of snow which will increase production by a further 30%" says Mr Siegenthaler. This will be achieved through full automation of the system, installing 72 additional hydrants and upgrading of infrastructure to increase the uphill water capacity from 8,000 litres per minute to 11,000 litres per minute.

What does this mean for Thredbo riders this season? Quite simply, more snow, better quality and greater coverage. Automated snowmaking guns were added to Ballroom at the Cruiser, skiers left on High Noon, Sundance and the Rossignol Racecourse down to Milk Run. So when conditions allow, Thredbo snow makers will be able to fire up more snowmaking guns than ever. In years gone by the system had the capacity to operate 70 guns simultaneously and with thanks to the summer upgrade, Thredbo can now operate up to 135 guns at any one time.

So how can that possibly be topped? There are plans to extend the snowmaking system further with snowmaking guns to be added to more areas and the uphill water capacity increased to 14,000 litres per minute. Stay tuned for updates!

What else is new for Winter 2007 in Thredo

New look Friday Flat

Friday Flat has taken on a whole new look this winter. The mountain crew rearranged the layout creating a better flow for skiers, boarders and those in lessons. The Snow runners have been relocated from under the Easy Does It Chairlift, to along the snow fence and tree island near the High Noon exit. The Snow runner's new location will ease congestion around their off loading areas. The former location is now reclaimed for skiing and boarding and as that area is mostly shaded the snow will last longer.

Thredbo's 50th

Hip hip hooray it's Thredbo's 50th birthday. Thredbo turned 50 in 2007 and what an amazing 50 years it has been. Champagne corks will pop and the celebrations will flow throughout the whole year, there is a stack of events, parties, musings and even a book to commemorate the golden occasion. For more information on what's happening in 2007 see

It's all about art

As part of Thredbo's on-going Art acquisition program, a new sculpture is featured in the Village Square. "The Run", by acclaimed sculptor Robert Hague, is a 12ft bronze and weathered steel piece and features the mountain and imagined path of a skier carving down the mountain. Go and have a look!'s a new snow cat

Thredbo has a state of the art snow grooming fleet and this winter will again see a new kid on the block. Coming in at around $500,000, the new Thredbo machine is a Kassbohrer-600 winch cat. It was only recently released for the Northern Hemisphere winter and is packed full of features that will certainly make this pussycat a dream to operate, and for you, it means more super smooth tracks of corduroy in more places. Features include the latest technology with touch screen operations and all functions are on one joystick, so it's more efficient and user friendly. The best part is it uses the latest technology in emission control so this machine is very green.

That's all fabulous but some may ask, so what is a snow groomer? Well it is actually a snow smoother (technical name = snow groomer). What does it do? It is actually quite like a salon visit. It maintains a good base, leaves a nice finish on the face and can make the snow look very attractive in the end and as the snow obviously plays the lead role in the winter show it certainly deserves the star treatment. Thredbo is the benchmark for snowmaking and grooming in Australia and the proof is in the riding.

Real estate

In the calendar year to December 2006, over $24 million worth of real estate changed hands, ranging from multi-million dollar on-snow chalets to $230,000 older style apartments. This winter 12 new apartments were made available with a mix of 1-3 bedrooms. A new six-room club lodge was also ready for winter 2007. Briars, located on the southern end of the village, was first built in 1963 and they now have a complete new building for guests. One of Thredbo's earliest club lodges, Happy Wanderers, has also undergone a major upgrade and extension to common areas and bedrooms, giving the 23 bed lodge a whole new look in 2007.

Green Globe

Thredbo understands the unique nature of the environment around us, so in conjunction with residents, guests and local businesses we are pitching in to improve our sustainable commercial and ecological future. Thredbo has begun the process of benchmarking Thredbo's energy and water consumption, waste production and disposal. Work is well underway in introducing an environmental and social policy, through the internationally recognised organisation for sustainable travel and tourism known as Green Globe 21. The team at Thredbo actively engages in resource conservation, renewable energy use, recycling, composting and other forms of waste reduction in addition to wildlife habitat preservation and environmental education. We can all do our bit for a better world.

For more information contact Thredbo (02) 6459 4100 or

Perisher Blue Round-up By Perisher Blue

Assistance with conservation volunteers

Over the 2006/2007 summer, Perisher Blue assisted the NSW Department of Environment and Climate Change (formerly Department of Environment and Conservation) to help restore an important plant population of Podocarpus lawrencei (Mountain Plum Pine) that was badly damaged during the 2003 bushfires at Blue Cow Mountain.

The fires caused a severe depletion of the Mountain Plum Pine, which led to considerable problems for the endangered Mountain Pygmy-possum (Burramys parvus). The Mountain Pygmy-possum relies on the Mountain Plum Pine for protection from predators and on its fruit for nutrition.

Perisher Blue hosted conservation volunteers in its accommodation from 14th January to 9th March 2007. The volunteers worked to rehabilitate areas of Kosciuszko National Park by removing weeds and replanting 800 Mountain Plum Pine seedlings. Early growth for the seedlings was supported with heavy mulching and the addition of water-gel crystals to maintain soil moisture.

$3.6 million snowmaking investment

In 2007, Perisher Blue has invested $3.6 million on the upgrade of snowmaking at Blue Cow and the installation of important water supply infrastructure to enable an expansion of snowmaking in Perisher Valley and Blue Cow in future years. In addition, state of the art automated snowmaking systems will be trialled at Blue Cow during the 2007 winter.

Automated snowmaking systems have the benefit of increasing snowmaking efficiency by minimising water and energy use by maximising use of optimum operating conditions.

Perisher Blue's 154 snow guns blanket snow across a total of 40.4 hectares of Perisher Valley, Blue Cow Mountain and Smiggin Holes.

V8 green energy and other environmental initiatives

Perisher Blue has recently concluded negotiations with Origin Energy for the Village 8 Express chairlift to be powered on 100% renewable 'green' energy for the 2007 winter season.

The switch to renewable energy is part of Perisher Blue's commitment to improving its environmental management performance and the 'Keep Winter Cool' initiative.

According to Richard Tuck, General Manager of Systems, Compliance and Resort Services, "Perisher Blue is committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions. Converting electricity use to renewable energy is an investment for the future."

Other environmental initiatives currently being undertaken by the Resort include:

EMS training for Perisher Blue employees

As part of Perisher Blue's commitment to the environment and 'Keep Winter Cool', all full-time Perisher Blue employees are currently undergoing EMS training to enhance awareness of environmental issues.

The training consists of a 1.5 hour introductory seminar, covering issues such as climate change, energy use, biodiversity and an overview of Perisher Blue's extensive EMS. Follow up sessions will be conducted to further enhance awareness of environmental issues for staff at all levels. Employees also have access to educational resources on the Perisher Blue Intranet site and are encouraged to provide input on environmental matters.

Perisher Blue's EMS is consistent with the requirements of the ISO 14000 series, being the internationally recognised standard for environmental management. The EMS was developed with regard to the aims and objectives of the Perisher Range Resorts Environmental Management System and amongst other things the EMS provides a targeted and systematic framework for managing and controlling environmental risks.

New Environmental Coordinator appointed

The new position of Environmental Coordinator has been created to oversee the further implementation of the EMS and the continuous improvement of Perisher Blue's environmental management performance.

An existing Perisher Blue employee, Jane McIntosh, has been appointed to this important role. Jane will be working closely with each department within Perisher Blue to monitor and review environmental risks associated with operational activity and to develop strategies to ensure the targets and objectives of the EMS are met.

Specific EMS targets include improving overall energy efficiency, reducing the generation of solid waste and increasing the recycling and reuse of resources.

Tube Town native revegetation

Recent slope grooming works at Tube Town on Mount Piper has resulted in the development of a detailed Tube Town rehabilitation plan with the following broad objectives:

  • To rehabilitate the slope to a predominately native condition; and
  • To monitor the success of the rehabilitation techniques with a view to applying the information gained to future rehabilitation elsewhere in the resort.

The rehabilitation approach involved utilising sterile exotic grasses to maintain the stabilisation of the slope, while increasing the native component through over-sowing and over-planting. Twenty-two kilograms of Poa fawcettiae seed has been sowed over the entire slope, focussing on areas with bare patches of soil. In addition, 2,037 tube stock plants of native grass and 200 native shrubs were planted. A further 800 plants have been ordered for planting in spring 2007.

Perisher Blue staff are actively monitoring a number of rehabilitation parameters, such as initial plant size, seed densities and the application of fertiliser, with test plots established within the site. Staff will also identify areas where rehabilitation has not been successful and areas that may require weed control. Scientific monitoring by a botanist on an established vegetation transect at the Tube Town site will also continue.

Plant survival success rate has been high so far. This can be largely attributed to the newly installed snowmaking infrastructure that has enabled consistent watering of the plants through sprinklers and soaker hoses.

Extra water for snow making improves snow coverage at Selwyn Snowfields

By Christie Heatley - General Manager, Selwyn Snowfields

After a lengthy application process, the Department of Environment & Conservation, the Department of Planning and the Department of Natural Resources gave their consent for Selwyn Snowfields to construct the $150,000 water extraction pipeline and pumps to enable the resort to access water from Three Mile Dam for snow making purposes.

Selwyn Snowfields has been longing to access the water supply at Three Mile Dam to supplement their existing water source since the inception of snow making in the early 1990s, however it was only recently that the new Kosciuszko National Park Plan of Management was released allowing the resort to apply for development consent. The project builds on the resorts already impressive snow making system which is capable of producing up to 10,000 cubic meters of snow in one night of optimum conditions over 80% of terrain.

Water for snow making has become increasingly valuable to the resort particularly over the past five years when the resort's ever growing snow making system coupled with the prevailing drought left water scarce at times. In 2006, the water shortage was so severe that despite the presence of optimum snow making weather conditions, the equipment was forced to sit idle on many occasions. It is estimated that if the resort had access to the water in Three Mile Dam for the 2006 season, the season length would have increased by approximately 20%.

"This additional water that we now access from Three Mile Dam is vitally important to our operation", says Bob Heatley, resort Managing Director. "It will ensure our snow making operation has enough water to completely utilise every available snow making opportunity to its fullest potential, therefore making the system more effective with the end result being more snow and longer seasons."

In May 2007 the resort completed installation of the 3,000 metres of pipe that now carries water from Three Mile Dam to the resort's snow making storage pond located at the top of Township run. The water is pumped using a unique compressed air displacement pump, designed especially to reduce the impact of the project on the environment by way of less noise and zero contaminants in the event of a malfunction of any kind. It also means that no electricity is required at the Three Mile Dam site thereby negating the need for large trenches to carry electrical cable.

The project consists of two pumping stations, the first of which is located on the northern shore of Three Mile Dam. The second pressure boosting pump station is located at the foot of an old ski run to the north of the main resort complex. These structures are portable, with the ability to remove all of the infrastructure during the off season with the exception of a concrete base slab. This again was designed to reduce the impact on the surrounding environment.

The water will be pumped at a maximum rate of 50,000 litres per hour mainly during the months of May and June when the resort's local creek flow rates are typically low. It has been determined that the inflow rates into Three Mile Dam are more than adequate to sustain this level of extraction without impacting upon the dam level. The water will only be used for the non-consumptive purpose of making snow meaning that ninety-six percent of this water will be returned to the catchment with the regular snow melt.

For further information on this project please contact Christie Heatley on (02) 6454 9488.

Kosciuszko Chalet's sedan chairlift - a chairlift of a bygone era

You need to be visionary to make 'big' things happen, particularly when competition from other burgeoning resorts start to make alternative destinations more attractive to your customers. Well that was one of the reasons why Kosciusko Chalet Ltd decided to build a very long (5.6 kilometres) chairlift back in 1963 to bring people in from the more accessible Alpine Way to the snowbound Chalet at Charlotte Pass. It was also part of the vision to build up Charlotte Pass into a village centred around the Chalet. Commencing early that year, Transfield P/L along with other companies did well to build two linked lifts in time for the June Long Weekend opening of the ski season, but some technical hitches and regulations imposed by the Department of Labour and Industries meant the chairlift was inoperable for that season. These problems were rectified in the following 12 months although by the end of 1963 Transfield P/L has been replaced by E.P.T. P/L as the main contractor.

In time for the 1964 June long weekend start to the snowseaon, the ₤1.2 million chairlift was ready to go and for ₤1 per ride people could travel the 5.6 kilometres in 35 minutes across the Ramshead Range to Charlotte Pass Village. A stop at the 'Ramshead Restaurant' at Top Station was also an option given its convenient location midway between the two adjoining lifts. The position of the lifts and associated intermediate stations also allowed a further 50 square kilometres to be opened for skiers, dramatically improving the available terrain that was up until then limited to the slopes immediately adjacent to the village. Travelling in the partially enclosed fibre-glass capolas was promoted as luxurious!

However, the vision to connect the 'out-side world' with snow-bound Charlotte Pass Village was immediately challenged by 'Mother Nature' when the chairlift was opened. What was to become one of the biggest snow dumps ever recorded plagued the new chairlift early in the season, resulting in capolas being ripped off and some towers being twisted. "Little Boxie" (as the chairlift was to be affectionately known) was pummelled by blizzards and buried by snow. The operators - that included 24 staff to run the chairlift - struggled to keep passengers safe and the chairlift effectively functioning for the rest of the season. There were times when passengers had to be rescued from the broken-down lift and occasionally a few passengers fell out of the capolas -although no major injuries were ever reported.

Some lifting operations allowed tourists to ride the chairlift in the summer of 1964/65 and the chairlift was readied and operating for the 1965 ski season. However, strong winds and continuous malfunctions continued to thwart this venture just like the overly-challenged 1964 season. In November 1965 Kosciusko Chalet Ltd went into receivership and the short life of "Little Boxie" was brought to an end.

Although much of the infrastructure associated with the chairlift is no longer present, you can still find remnants along the route between Thredbo Valley and Charlotte Pass Village, including the wrecked transfer station on the Ramshead Range. Today, access to Charlotte Pass Village in the winter is reliant upon oversnow vehicles - the same type of transport that preceded and continued after the cessation of the sedan chairlift. Interestingly, an elevated Gondola system was tabled as one of the options in the 1980's when access to the resorts in the Perisher Range was being debated. Subsequently an underground rack-and-rail system (Skitube) was built, negating the need to combat wind and snow that foiled a vision 20 years earlier.

Perisher Historical Society

A couple of years ago Pam Woodman and Judy Thomson of Ku-ring-gai Alpine Lodge collaborated on the idea of forming a Perisher Historical Society after earlier discussions about the history of skiing and the colourful characters that have graced the Perisher Range. An article in the 2005 autumn edition of Resort Round-up about an NPWS oral history project stimulated Pam to contact NPWS and Perisher Blue to identify a potential partnership in the historical society and for opportunities to contribute towards the group's establishment and subsequent exhibition. This article now provides an update as to the formation of the Perisher Historical Society and opportunities for people to contribute memorabilia.

The Perisher Historical Society is now an incorporated body after registering with the Department of Fair Trading. The name Perisher Historical Society was selected to be inclusive of what is often called the Perisher Range Resorts. The term Perisher Range and Perisher Range Resorts, whilst an accurate reflection of all localities in this area (eg. Perisher Valley, Smiggin Holes, Guthega and Blue Cow), has incurred a use that tends to be associated with a range of development plans and planning instruments. It was deemed important by the group that no ambiguity was construed in the name as well as imbue an effective identity of what the society was about - hence the compromise in the name.

In due course, consideration will also be given to the group for affiliation with the Royal Australian Historical Society that will help give access to reasonable insurance rates should public liability or voluntary worker insurance be required (amongst other benefits). Furthermore, a call for membership will also be made once administration is established.

What we would like to do now…

Whilst the Perisher Historical Society is establishing a committee and other ancillary roles and functions, it is now timely to commence some of the activities that will help consolidate the type of history the society wishes to interpret. There are many possibilities for the direction of the burgeoning Perisher Historical Society, but in the first instance we would like to start collecting old photographs, articles and other snow-related memorabilia. Given the history of skiing in the Snowy Mountains and the context for the development of skiing in the Perisher Range area, material does not have to be Perisher specific. However, anything that helps communicate stories about ski club and ski lodge development, access to the mountains, interesting anecdotes of misadventures etc. would all be welcome. A number of lodges have been celebrating 50 years and as part of the celebrations have been producing commemorative booklets and DVD's. Clubs with similar upcoming celebrations may also wish to consider contributing these to the Perisher Historical Society or any other historical snippet that is snow sport or resort related. Photographs will always be a welcome contribution. Copies of transcripts and photographs would also be welcome should individuals or clubs wish to keep the originals. Copying of originals can be arranged by the Perisher Historical Society.

What we would like to do in the future…

Having a repository for contributions is one thing, but being able to share and provide information is another. With the proposed development of the Perisher Village there are some negotiations in place to provide some space for a museum to exhibit a range of collected paraphernalia. The eventual relocation of the NPWS Office in Perisher Valley will also provide some space for historic interpretation and the display of memorabilia to the public. Events such as Perisher Blue's Celebration of Winter will also provide opportunities to display images and tell stories of early skiing, as well as special gatherings where guest speakers are invited to recount memories of their time and experiences in the snow and the development of the snow sport industry.

If you would like to contribute memorabilia or learn more about the Perisher Historical Society, then please contact:

Pam Woodman - 0417 887 475 or Dave Woods - 0418 689 250

Kids of the Snowy Mountains - the faces behind the voices

- 0417 887 475 or - 0418 689 250









- 0417 887 475 or - 0418 689 250

For the past seven years the NPWS has sponsored the road-safe radio messages each morning and afternoon throughout the snow season, and promoted some important environmental and backcountry safety messages to visitors and residents alike. This winter, new radio voice-overs were recorded and have been playing on 2XL and Snow FM. The four key messages chosen for this season reflect the key issues that currently affect our lives in Kosciuszko National Park and the wider Snowy Mountains area. Therefore there is no surprise that the kids of the Snowy Mountains (and one Ranger Dave) are asking people to be Waterwise, to be careful not to hit wildlife when driving to the snow, to initiate some carbon-reducing actions to help Keep Winter Cool, and to consider a range of items and procedures to help keep you safe when travelling in backcountry areas of Kosciuszko National Park.

Department of Environment and Conservation (DEC) now the Department of Environment and Climate Change (DECC)

No, DECC is not a stutter on the 'C' but a response by the NSW Government to build a broader organisation able to respond to the unprecedented challenge presented by climate change. DECC is a new agency that was formed on 27 April 2007. The new department brings together a range of conservation and science programs, including native vegetation, biodiversity and environmental water recovery to provide an integrated approach to natural resource management.

Broadly, the Department of Environment and Climate Change:

The new department's wide-ranging responsibilities include:

  • climate change and greenhouse issues, including the new climate change fund
  • air and water quality, noise control, and regulation of chemicals and radiation
  • programs to reduce waste, toxicity, litter and illegal dumping
  • national parks and reserves, including management of marine parks
  • biodiversity, threatened species and native vegetation management
  • protection of soils, land and catchment management
  • environmental water management and coastal lakes and estuaries
  • botanic gardens - Sydney's Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain, Mount Annan and Mount Tomah Botanic Gardens
  • Aboriginal cultural heritage and historic sites; and
  • sustainability programs, including environmental education, energy efficiency and water conservation programs and renewable energy policy.

Commensurate with the new department is the appointment of Phil Koperberg as Minister for Climate Change, Environment and Water. Verity Firth was also appointed as the Minister Assisting Minister Koperberg. Minister Koperberg is the lead Minister with Minister Firth responsible for matters on Aboriginal Cultural Heritage, Pollution, Biodiversity and Marine Parks. Minister Koperberg was previously the NSW Commissioner of the Rural Fire Service and replaces the former Minister for the Environment - Bob Debus.

For more information on the new Department of Environment and Climate Change, visit the DECC website at:


Conservation Volunteers Australia

In 2006 the NPWS and the organisation known as Conservation Volunteers Australia (CVA) discussed a range of projects where a practical contribution by volunteers would greatly improve the environment and in return provide valuable experiences and skills to those giving up their time. Given the size of Kosciuszko National Park and the existence of some very significant ecosystems, identifying suitable projects was an easy task, particularly for enthusiastic and dedicated volunteers that make up CVA.

Emanating from those earlier discussions, CVA organised groups of volunteers to work for one week stints from mid-January to mid-March 2007. Each group was given a welcome and induction by NPWS staff prior to commencing a project for what was many their first time to the Snowy Mountains. Based in Perisher Valley in accommodation kindly provided by Perisher Blue, the CVA wasted no time in getting started. Projects included the removal of pine wildings near Charlotte Pass Village, revegetation of alpine herbfields near the summit of Mt. Kosciuszko, work on restoration of alpine bog complexes that were damaged during the 2003 wildfires, the planting of 800 Mountain Plum Pine at Mt. Blue Cow to restore Mountain Pygmy-possum habitat that was also damaged during the 2003 wildfires, and mulching and weeding of the former Waste Point Tip as part of the ongoing rehabilitation work that commenced in 2004 with the planting of over 10,000 trees and shrubs.

The success of using CVA this year has provided further discussions for an ongoing partnership between CVA, Perisher Blue and NPWS. Some of the projects such as bog restoration will require further work and therefore provide an opportunity for an ongoing contribution by future CVA teams. Whilst each team of volunteers brings in new faces and varying experiences, the teams are managed by a paid coordinator who becomes familiar with each project and provides training when required.

Conservation Volunteers Australia has been operating since 1982 and has worked on diverse projects such as sea turtle research on the Great Barrier Reef, rehabilitation of Koala habitat on French Island and the restoration of many creeks and rivers around Australia. Each year CVA coordinates more than 10,000 volunteers from Australia and overseas to assist on more than 2,000 conservation projects. An important part of the CVA constitution is the formation of partnerships with private industry and with state and federal governments. For more information visit the CVA website at:


Winter clean-ups

A reminder that the large coloured skip bins situated around the Perisher

Range Resorts are for paper, cardboard, plastic bottles, cans, glass and kitchen waste. Items other than these such as discarded furnishings need to be taken to Jindabyne Landfill* near the Jindabyne Dam Wall. The Jindabyne Landfill is currently operating on a winter timetable and is open:

Monday8am - 4pm
Tuesday8am - 4pm
Wednesday8am - 4pm
Thursday8am - 4pm
Friday8am - 4pm
Saturday10am - 3pm
Sunday10am - 3pm

*Charges apply for certain categories of waste. Phone 6457 1064

Stamp of approval for mountain pygmy-possum

Recently Australia Post released four new stamps highlighting threatened fauna as listed under the Commonwealth's Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act, 1999. Included in the set is the Mountain Pygmy-possum which is also classed as an endangered species under the NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act, 1995.

Unlike most other possums, the Mountain Pygmy-possum is quite small (hand size) and lives on the ground amongst boulder fields and shrubs. As the only recorded seasonally hibernating marsupial in Australia, the Mountain Pygmy-possum is well adapted to spend the winter under the snow utilising its stored body nutrients built up in the previous summer. Climate change and predation by foxes and cats are a major threat to this iconic animal in Kosciuszko National Park and populations scattered in the Victorian Alps.

A 50c stamp of the Mountain Pygmy-possum (photo by Dave Woods).

Penny Spoelder (5th from left) and Rob Staples (4th from right) in a Resort Section photo in 2001. (photo NPWS Collection)



Page last updated: 22 January 2015