Nature conservation

Parks, reserves and protected areas

Park Names

Place names are an important part of the heritage of NSW and can reflect the history, culture and landscape of an area.

Local communities often have a strong affinity with place names, and they play an essential role in guiding all park visitors (including emergency services) to parks and locations within parks.

For more information about the naming of a particular park or facility, contact the local park office.

Objectives

The names of parks, features and facilities within parks:

  • recognise and acknowledge values of the natural environment, as well as historic and cultural connections
  • assist visitors finding their way to and around parks, to enhance their experience and protect their safety
  • reinforce the objectives, identity and brand of NPWS parks.

Policy

  1. Naming of parks, features and facilities will be used to recognise and acknowledge natural values and cultural connections to places, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal.
  2. Parks, except historic sites and Aboriginal areas, will usually be named after a prominent natural (geographic) feature in the local landscape. The local Aboriginal name of the feature is preferred.
  3. Parks may be given a name other than a geographic feature where there is a strong historic or cultural connection that should be reflected in the name.
  4. Historic sites will be named after the place, event, person or persons they commemorate.
  5. Aboriginal areas and also Aboriginal places may be given an Aboriginal name nominated by local Aboriginal communities.
  6. Parks, features and facilities must not be named after living people (except for facility names currently already recognised by the local community). They may only be named after a deceased person to commemorate a person who contributed significantly to the park or locality in which the facility is situated, such as an explorer, scientist or conservationist, or an Aboriginal person known from the park’s locality. Prior ownership of the land is not in itself grounds for the application of the owner's name to a park or facility.
  7. Consistent with the Memorials in Parks Policy, parks, features and facilities must not be named after donors, benefactors, sponsors, politicians, public figures or other people other than in accordance with paragraphs 4 or 6. They must not be named after organisations or companies; and names must not be used if they could be construed as advertising a commercial or industrial enterprise or product.
  8. Names considered offensive or likely to give offence will not be used.
  9. Dual naming of parks, gegraphical features and cultural sites will be used in accordance with the OEH Aboriginal Languages Policy, as a meaningful way of recognising Aboriginal connection to the lands while retaining an existing name that has community acceptance.
  10. Names will be investigated and assigned in consultation with all relevant persons and groups. Refer to research and consultation section below.
  11. No Aboriginal name, other than a name registered with the Geographical Names Board (GNB), will be adopted without the approval of the appropriate Aboriginal people, usually Traditional Owners or Elders groups.
  12. Wilderness areas will be named consistent with the overall intent of this policy and with particular reference to paragraphs 1 to 11 of this policy.

Procedures

Legislative powers and responsibilities

13. Park names are assigned and can be changed by the Governor under s30A of the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974, with the concurrence of the Geographical Names Board of NSW.

Note: The naming of parks reserved under Part 4A (Aboriginal Land) of the National Parks and Wildlife Act does not require concurrence with the Geographical Names Board of NSW.

14. The Geographical Names Board of NSW assigns names to places and natural features under the Geographical Names Act 1966. A park naming proposal must be submitted by NPWS to the Geographical Names Board of NSW for concurrence under s12 of the Geographical Names Act. The Geographical Names Board’s various guidelines and factsheets have been considered in the development of this policy.

15. Public roads and classified roads are named by the Roads Authority under s162 of the Roads Act 1993. The National Parks and Wildlife Service (NPWS) is not a roads authority and cannot name these roads.

16. However, there is no legislation governing the naming of park roads, management trails or park facilities. Therefore NPWS can name these.

Further information on responsibilities is included in the accountabilities table in this policy.

Research and consultation

17. The type and extent of research and consultation on names will reflect the nature and significance of the park, place or facility to be named and the nature of the naming options being considered.

18. Consultation requirements:

  1. The relevant National Parks and Wildlife Regional Advisory Committee(s) and Joint Management Committee will be consulted on all park names; and on a facility name where it is proposed to be named after a person or in other circumstances where advice is needed.

  2. Local Aboriginal community members, including Traditional Owners, will be consulted on:
    - name proposals of Aboriginal origin, and
    - proposals to name Aboriginal areas and places, or facilities within Aboriginal areas and places.

    This consultation will preferably occur through representative organisations, but must also include Traditional Owners and the OEH Aboriginal Cultural Heritage Advisory Committee (also refer to Cultural Heritage Community Consultation Policy).

    The appropriate regional staff of OEH Heritage Division will be consulted on all name proposals sourced from Aboriginal communities, as well as the naming of historic sites and Aboriginal areas and places.

  3. The Geographical Names Board will be consulted on proposals to name park roads  and management trails.

  4. For World Heritage properties and Ramsar wetlands, the relevant Commonwealth agency will be consulted.

  5. Local and state historical associations may be consulted, and where there is doubt concerning the spelling of an Aboriginal name a linguist may also be consulted. However, preference will be given to the spelling nominated by local Aboriginal community members.

  6. Public consultation will be undertaken if required by the Geographical Names Board of NSW (e.g. for park names) and may also be undertaken for other naming proposals. Where consultation is required, proposals will be advertised in the local press inviting public comment, for which a minimum of one month will be allowed.

19. If any objections are received to a naming proposal:

  1. the objections will be summarised in the naming submission and

  2. the Regional Manager will attempt to resolve the objections

    Refer to paragraph 11 of the policy if objections are raised in relation to Aboriginal names..

20. The origin of the chosen name and consultation undertaken must be recorded. The Guidelines for developing naming/renaming proposals will assist staff in collecting and documenting the information required by the Geographical Names Board of NSW for park and place names, and will help in providing a historical record about the origin of names in parks.

21. Where NPWS names a park road or management trail, it must notify the following of the name once consultation in accordance with paragraphs 17–20 of these Procedures is completed:

  • Australia Post
  • the Registrar-General
  • the Surveyor-General
  • the Chief Executive of the Ambulance Service of NSW
  • New South Wales Fire Brigades
  • the NSW Rural Fire Service
  • the NSW Police Force
  • the State Emergency Service
  • New South Wales Volunteer Rescue Association Incorporated.

Sources of names

22. Where there is no prominent local geographic feature, or where it is inappropriate to use its name, alternative names may be sourced from:

  1. any natural feature, regardless of prominence, which holds some association with the area
  2. a plant or animal which features in the park
  3. other Aboriginal associations with the area (including the name of the traditional Aboriginal people)
  4. historic names (e.g. names of former properties or state forests provided that they are not the same as a current forest or property name), and names of prominent people historically associated with the area (e.g. Kosciuszko National Park and Sturt National Park).

23. Naming of historic sites and other parks and facilities of historic significance will be consistent with the documentation requirements contained within the Burra Charter.

24. The same name may be used for adjoining parks of different categories (for example, Mutawintji National Park, Mutawintji Historic Site and Mutawintji Nature Reserve), to indicate that the parks are part of a single management area.

25. Names will be chosen to minimise confusion:

  1. Where possible, avoid using the name of nearby towns, suburbs, local council areas, state forests or other reserves that are not part of the same management area.
  2. Avoid using the name of features that extend well beyond the park as these lack precision in describing the location of the park.
  3. Avoid using names that are common in a number of locations within the same region (e.g. Deep Creek).

General considerations

26. Names should, not withstanding the requirements of paragraph 22, be reasonably easy to pronounce, spell and write; and preferably of 50 or fewer characters.

27. The apostrophe mark should be omitted in the possessive case e.g. Howes Valley, not Howe’s Valley. This is to facilitate the consistent matching and retrieval of placenames in database systems such as those used by the emergency services and is consistent with the policy of the Geographical Names Board.

28. Hyphens, slashes and diacritical marks will not be used, except in the case of dual names, where a hyphen is acceptable.

29. Spelling of Aboriginal names will be in accordance with current guidelines from the Committee for Geographical Names in Australia. Whenever an Aboriginal name or word is used, it will be used without associated European words (e.g. without Mount, River, Range).

Dual-naming

30. A dual name can be assigned to a park where there is strong evidence of a pre-existing Aboriginal place name.

31. At any given time, a park may only be assigned one name under the National Parks and Wildlife Act. Multiple names for the same park are not provided for under the Act. Dual names (i.e. hyphenated or joint names) are deemed to be one name. For example, the following names are acceptable:

'Botany Bay National Park'

'Kamay National Park'

'Botany Bay – Kamay National Park'

'Kamay – Botany Bay National Park'

'Kamay Botany Bay National Park'

'Botany Bay Kamay National Park'.

It is not possible to use multiple or alternate names such as 'Kamay National Park' and 'Botany Bay National Park' to refer to the same park.

32. The order of dual names and their arrangement should be guided by community preferences as well as stylistic, design and aesthetic considerations. Both the Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal components of the dual name shall be in the same font, font type, font size, font style and colour.

33. The Geographical Names Board of NSW may assign a dual name to the natural feature after which a park is named. Where such a dual name is registered by the Geographical Names Board of NSW, the park authority will assess whether the park should be renamed in line with the new dual name. However, a Geographical Names Board of NSW registration of a dual name for a feature does not automatically require that the park be renamed with either an Aboriginal or dual name.

34. Requests may be made to the Geographical Names Board of NSW for dual naming of a geographical feature within a park that has high cultural significance.

35. The Geographical Names Board of NSW also requires the written support of the local council for dual naming proposals.

Renaming

36. Renaming (other than dual naming) will be considered where:

  1. the current name is not in accordance with this policy
  2. the spelling of the name is incorrect (unless the current spelling has been in use for a long period of time)
  3. a non-Aboriginal name is currently used and a new name sourced from Aboriginal communities is proposed
  4. a wrong or inappropriate Aboriginal name has been used
  5. local Aboriginal community members object to the use of a name that has been sourced from an Aboriginal language
  6. the expansion of the park incorporates a more appropriate prominent natural feature
  7. it is proposed to amalgamate, including through recategorisation, two or more adjacent parks (i.e. apply an existing park name to an adjoining park and discontinue use of name of the park subsumed)
  8. the current name is being confused with a similar feature in the region.

Discontinued names

37. Details of discontinued park names will be submitted to the Geographical Names Board of NSW for registration.

About the Policy

Scope and application

This policy applies to all lands reserved or acquired under the National Parks and Wildlife Act except for parks reserved under Part 4A of the Act, unless this policy is adopted by the relevant Board of Management.

Definitions and abbreviations

'Aboriginal area' means lands that have been reserved under the National Parks and Wildlife Act for the purpose of preserving, protecting and preventing damage to Aboriginal objects or Aboriginal places therein.

'Aboriginal place' means any place (being in the opinion of the Minister) that is or was of special significance to Aboriginal culture which is declared under s84 of the National Parks and Wildlife Act.

'Classified road' means public roads or certain other roads that have been declared as classified roads under Part 5 Division 1 of the Roads Act 1993 and include main roads, highways, secondary roads and tourist roads.

'Facilities' means an area within a park that is not a natural geographic area, as well as buildings and structures, such as day use areas, campgrounds, carparks, lookouts, management trails, walking tracks and visitor centres.

'fire trail' means roads recorded in the Asset Maintenance System as having fire strategic importance. Fire trails are a subset of management trails and can be required for other park management purposes.

'Historic site' means lands that have been reserved under the National Parks and Wildlife Act due to their association with a person, event or historical theme, or containing a building, place, feature or landscape of cultural significance.

'Management trail' means vehicle trails on lands reserved or acquired under the National Parks and Wildlife Act, which are maintained for the purpose of park management activities and are not open for public vehicular use other than as allowed under the Vehicle Access Policy.

'Park road' means roads on land that is reserved as part of a park or which is acquired under the National Parks and Wildlife Act which are open to the public, though they can be closed for park management reasons. They are maintained by OEH.

'Public road' means roads designated as public roads under the Roads Act 1993, or under other legislation for the purpose of the Roads Act 1993. Public roads are vested in a roads authority usually being the Roads and Maritime Services, the Council of the Local Government area or Department of Primary Industries - Lands (formerly Department of Lands and most recently Trade and Investment – Crown Lands). It does not include park roads or management trails. To determine if a road is a public road and who is the applicable roads authority:

  • check what is recorded on the deposited plan for the land
  • check the relevant Gazette or Act for the acquisition or reservation of the land
  • check the Parish map
  • inquire at the relevant Council, DPI - Lands or Roads and Maritime Services offices.

'Ramsar wetlands' means sites listed under the 'Convention on Wetlands of International Importance’ 1971 (commonly known as the Ramsar Convention). NB : Of the twelve Ramsar sites in NSW, nine are situated wholly or partly on lands reserved under the National Parks and Wildlife Act.

'World Heritage property' means sites of outstanding universal value which are included on the World Heritage List established under the 1972 Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage’ (also known as the World Heritage Convention). NB: Four of the six World Heritage sites in NSW are partly or fully managed by NPWS.

Accountabilities under this policy are in accordance with the delegation of Ministerial and Director-General functions under the NPW Act 1974 and NPW Regulation 2009.

This table only lists accountabilities which are additional to the legal delegations.

Accountability

Title and topic

Regional database administrators

Ensuring the name of parks, features and facilities within parks are maintained.

Regional Manager

Sourcing and recommending a name for a new park, including consultation.

Senior Team Leader, Reserve Establishment Team

Seek concurrence of Geographical Names Board to park name.

Gazettal of park names, after concurrence of Geographical Names Board.

Notification of park names to staff and the Geographical Names Board after gazettal.

Submission of discontinued park names to Geographical Names Board.

Notification of discontinued park names to staff.

Regional Manager

Naming of park roads and management trails.

Area Manager

Completing the notifications listed in paragraph 21 following the naming of park roads and management trails.

Page last updated: 20 January 2016