Nature conservation

Parks, reserves and protected areas

Wild Dogs

The term wild dog refers to all free-living dogs in NSW, including dingoes, feral dogs and their hybrids.

Wild dogs can have significant impacts on livestock, especially sheep. As a result, they have been declared a pest under the Local Land Services Act 2013 (LLS Act).

Under the LLS Act, managers of public land (including the National Parks and Wildlife Service (NPWS) have an obligation to control wild dogs to the extent necessary to minimise the risk of the pest causing damage on any land. However, to balance the need to control wild dogs with the conservation of dingoes, the Pest Control Order for Wild Dogs allows the control obligation for lands listed under Schedule 2 of the Order to be satisfied through the preparation of a wild dog management plan which addresses both the control of wild dogs and the conservation of dingoes.

This policy explains how NPWS meets its obligations to control wild dogs under the Pest Control Order. This includes minimising the risk of wild dogs causing damage, while allowing for the conservation of dingoes within areas of national parks and reserves listed under Schedule 2 of the Pest Control Order.


  1. NPWS will undertake wild dog control to meet its obligations under the LLS Act and the Local Lands Services (Wild Dogs) Pest Control 2015.
  2. NPWS may also undertake wild dog control to:
  • Ensure the safety of staff and visitors in parks.
  • Minimise the impacts of wild dogs on biodiversity, especially where predation by wild dogs has been identified as a threat to species listed under the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 – this includes priority sites identified in recovery plans or threat abatement plans.
  • Minimise the flow of feral dog genes into the dingo population.

How will NPWS meet its responsibilities to control wild dogs?

3. NPWS will develop wild dog management plans for all parks listed under Schedule 2 of the Local Land Services (Wild Dogs) Pest Control Order 2015 and subsequent orders. These plans will be developed in accordance with the Guidelines for the Preparation and Implementation of Wild Dog Management Plans in NSW to address both wild dog control and conservation of dingoes.

4. NPWS will implement wild dog control on park as agreed to in wild dog management plans. NPWS may also contribute to across-tenure actions such as reactive trapping.

5. NPWS will work with park neighbours, wild dog control associations and Local Land Services to plan, implement and report on the cross-tenure control of wild dogs. This may include planning for strategic aerial baiting programmes and reactive trapping.

How will NPWS undertake wild dog control in parks?

6. NPWS will use a range of best-practice methods to maximise the cost-effectiveness of wild dog control, to minimise the risk to non-target species and to ensure it is done humanely. Methods will be consistent with the Code of Practice and Standard Operating Procedures for the humane control of wild dogs.

How will NPWS minimise impacts on non-target species?

7. NPWS will undertake an appropriate level of risk assessment prior to controlling wild dogs to minimise negative impacts on non-target species, especially species listed as threatened under the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 and the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

How will NPWS allow for the conservation of dingoes during wild dog control?

8. NPWS will aim to achieve effective wild dog control while allowing for the conservation of dingoes in Schedule 2 areas by targeting wild dog control in areas proximate to livestock. This does not preclude wild dog or fox control in other Schedule 2 areas for other reasons as outlined in this Policy. The NPWS may monitor the status of dingo populations and level of hybridisation within Schedule 2 areas using appropriate survey methods.

How will NPWS measure and report on wild dog control?

9. NPWS will capture data on control effort in a state-wide database, the Pest and Weed Information System (PWIS).

10. NPWS will report on the implementation of wild dog management plans and other wild dog control as per the Guidelines for the Preparation and Implementation of Wild Dog Management Plans in NSW. This includes total expenditure, spatial extent and the methods used for wild dog control.

About the Policy

Scope and application

This Policy applies to all lands acquired or reserved under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974 (NPW Act)

This Policy does not apply to lands reserved under Part 4A (Aboriginal Land) of the NPW Act unless the Board of Management for those lands has adopted it.


A reserve gazetted under the NSW National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974, including a national park, nature reserve, historic site, Aboriginal area, State conservation area, karst conservation reserve, or regional park, or any land acquired by the Minister under Part 11 of the Act.


Accountabilities under this policy are in accordance with the delegation of Ministerial and Director-General functions under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974 and National Parks and Wildlife Regulation 2009.

This table only lists accountabilities which are additional to the legal delegations.


Position Accountable

3. Approving wild dog management plans

Regional Manager

Page last updated: 11 December 2015