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Coxen's Fig-Parrot (Cyclopsitta diophthalma coxeni)



Species Action Statement

This species has been assigned to the Data-deficient species management stream under the Saving our Species program.

Justification for allocation to this management stream

This species is in the Data Deficient stream as little is known about its distribution or the management techniques required to secure it in the wild.

Conservation status

Management objectives

This action statement aims to address key knowledge gaps for this species, which once resolved, can inform effective managment of this species. 

Species sightings and management sites across NSW

How will this species be managed?

The following research actions have been designed to address priority knowledge gaps in order to develop an appropriate management approach for this species:
  • Undertake targeted surveys in known habitat or in locations where the species has previously been known to occur. The species is particularly cryptic and extremely rare, so survey should be focused and conducted by those with species-specific expertise, in a cost-effective manner.
A number of state-wide conservation actions have also been identified for this species, which can be viewed by clicking the link below.

Show actions

  • Coordinate the implementation of the Recovery Plan and liaise with other agencies and stakeholders over implementation of actions.
  • Develop a community network in accordance with the Community Network Strategy devised by the Threatened Species Network.
  • Develop a community participation and publicity campaign to increase community awareness, opportunities for location of wild Coxen's Fig-Parrot populations and reduce opportunities for illegal trade of the species.
  • Develop a survey protocol to address issues of site confidentiality, credentials of survey participants, techniques to minimise disruption to individual birds and establish a register of participants in surveys.
  • Conduct training in and undertake nest surveys to increase survey skills of participants, indicate existence of fig-parrots in areas, likely areas of home ranges and potentially discovery of an active nest.
  • Monitor fruiting fig trees with historical records of visiting fig-parrots, or abundant fruit in known or suspected localities for fig-parrots. Surveys to be for a minimum of five consecutive days and undertaken early morning and late afternoon.
  • Analyse raptor (especially Brown Goshawk, Grey Goshawk and Collared Sparrowhawk) prey remains for evidence of fig-parrots.
  • Use decoy birds to assist in attempts to locate wild populations of Coxen's Fig-Parrot.
  • Past and current records are to be appraised by the Records Appraisal Committee.
  • Collect ecological data to characterise known Coxen's Fig-Parrot sites.
  • Develop a records database to facilitate analysis of ecological data.
  • Undertake predictive modelling of distribution.
  • Implement an ecological monitoring strategy at occupied sites.
  • Clarify taxonomic status.
  • Investigate Red-browed Fig Parrot biology/ecology to assist in understanding the likely biology/ecology of the Coxen's Fig-Parrot.
  • Undertake surveys using elevate, remotely activated recording equipment.
  • Develop captive breeding protocols.
  • Refine capture/transport techniques.
  • Refine husbandry techniques for raising and maintaining captive Coxen's Fig-Parrots.
  • Maintain an analogue population of Red-browed Fig-Parrots in captive management.
  • Release analogues to develop appropriate release techniques for Coxen's Fig-Parrot.
  • Construct aviaries for captive breeding if the Recovery Team decides to proceed with captive breeding.
  • Establish security measures for captive birds, both Red-browed and Coxen's Fig-Parrot.
  • Recovery Team to consider acquiring founding stock to establish captive population if all pre-requirements of Captive Breeding Protocol have been met, funding identified and wild stock located.
  • All active Coxen's Fig-Parrot nest locations should be protected from disturbance and site locations kept confidential.
  • Monitor nest post-acquisition of eggs or chicks for impact of eggs or chicks being removed for the captive breeding program.
  • Maintain captive population in accordance with the Husbandry manual.
  • Develop a program and facilities for the release of Coxen's Fig-Parrot subject to successful development of a captive breeding program.
  • Map suspected habitat distribution particularly areas within 30km radius of recent documented records of birds, remnant figs and rainforests linked with confirmed fig-parrot localities. Mapping to be based on aerial photography, and ground-truthing.
  • Investigate the distribution and phenology of probable food plants.
  • Implement prescriptions and logging protocols.
  • Protect known or probable habitat through land use planning legislation.
  • Undertake habitat rehabilitation/expansion in areas of known or probable Coxen's Fig-parrot habitat.
  • Initiate propagation of known and presumed Coxen's Fig-Parrot food trees and distribute to landholders and community.
  • Negotiate with the NSW Nurseryman's Association for Coxen's Fig-Parrot Food Tree labels.

Are you or is someone you know doing conservation work for this species or in this area?

Contact us to tell us about the work. Your input will help OEH evaluate the status of threatened species and provide a broader picture of conservation work across NSW.