Southern Myotis (Myotis macropus)

Species Action Statement

This species has been assigned to the Landscape species management stream under the Saving our Species program.

Justification for allocation to this management stream

There are no known breeding locations for this species. Primary threats are generally related to water quality and occur at a landscape scale.

Conservation status in NSW: Vulnerable
Commonwealth status: Not listed

Management objectives

This action statement aims to ensure that the species is secure in the wild in NSW and that its NSW geographic range is extended or maintained.

Species sightings and management sites across NSW

The map below displays the species’ distribution in NSW, based upon the species’ geographic range, habitat distribution or area of occupancy (to as high a resolution as available data allow, using a range of data sources).

Information about the species’ habitat and ecology is available here.

The map may also display one or more management sites where management of important populations is underway. More information is available in the tables below.


The species occurs in the following IBRA (Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia) regions in NSW:

South Eastern Queensland
NSW North Coast
New England Tablelands
NSW South Western Slopes
South Eastern Highlands
Sydney Basin
Australian Alps
South East Corner

Proportion of the species' distribution on reserve

45% of the species' distribution occurs on reserve (within NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service estate).

Critical actions for this species

The key threats to the viability of landscape-managed species are loss, fragmentation and degradation of habitat, and widespread pervasive factors such as impacts of climate change and disease. Many of these threats are addressed by NSW planning, native vegetation, and biodiversity legislation, policy and programs including the offsets program (BioBanking, NSW Biodiversity Offsets Policy for Major Projects), Biodiversity Certification, management of environmental water and reservation under the National Parks and Wildlife Act 1974.

Threats to this species are outlined here.

The actions listed in the action toolbox are supplementary to NSW legislation, policy and programs and can be used by stakeholders, where applicable to guide management at a site, regional or state scale.

Action toolbox

Action DescriptionScale
Retain and protect live and standing dead trees likely to contain suitably sized hollows, or that have the potential to develop these in the future (e.g. through the loss of limbs) particularly in riparian zones. Ensure the largest hollow-bearing trees, including dead trees, are given highest priority for retention in property vegetation plan assessments. Offsets should include remnants in high productivity and riparian zones. Raise public awareness of the importance of hollow-bearing trees and promote strategies for retaining these in the landscape.Area
Identify sites, particularly in riparian zones, where hollows are limiting due to exotic species inhibiting recruitment and changing the vegetation structure. Ensure the future replacement of large old trees by facilitating regeneration or undertaking replanting at sites where they presently occur. Protect recruit trees that will be able to provide hollows in the future. Site
Liaise with the Roads and Maritime Authority and other relevant authorities and land managers regarding wooden bridges, wharves, tunnels, aqueducts and other structures acting as bat habitat. When undertaking any major works, replacing wooden bridges with concrete bridges or upgrading wharves, this be done at a time outside of the breeding (October-February) and overwintering period. A wooden structure should be placed under new bridges or wharves where bats are known to provide a roost.State
Encourage land managers to enter into land management agreements that protect and restore key areas such as riparian habitat and including the retention of suitable hollow-bearing trees and recruitment trees in these areas.Site
Check that in caves utilised by bats, entrances are not blocked in a way that prevents easy continual access by bats. Monitor the density of vegetation (native or exotic) at the entrance to any active or potential maternity or hibernation roost cave and manually remove (do not use chemicals) as necessary to ensure bats have ready access year-round. Site
Discourage recreational users from roosting areas such as caves, culverts, and storm water drains by erecting signs or blocking preventing human access whilst still allowing access to bats. In caves where public access is permitted, restrict access during breeding season (November-March) and winter to approved management and scientific research only. Provide information to users in the form of brochures and signage about appropriate care and behaviour whilst at the site. Provide this information to caving, climbing, abseiling and bushwalking groups. State
Promote roosting habitat in new artificial structures within the species' range and monitor their use.Site
Raise awareness amongst landholders in close proximity (approximately 15km radius) to maternity or roost sites, of the potential impacts of using harmful pesticides and other chemicals and discourage their use in or adjacent to foraging habitat, particularly in riparian zones around waterways such as rivers, creeks, lakes and dams.Site, Area
Liaise with agricultural landholders to promote land management that minimises disturbance to waterways likely to be foraging habitat (e.g. restore riparian vegetation and carefully manage stormwater and polluted run-off). Monitor and maintain adequate water quality in water systems known to be used for foraging. Liaise with relevant authorities with respect to limiting the impacts of waste disposal and runoff in these systems.Site, Area
Control or remove exotic weeds, particularly in riparian zones, that degrade habitat and alter the structure of the vegetation community in areas of the species' distribution. Ensure that such weed control work be undertaken in a staged manner and minimises disturbance to the habitat of the species. Develop and implement a bush regeneration strategy (which includes monitoring and reporting requirements) targeting the removal of weeds significantly compromising habitat values such as the repression of future hollow-bearing trees. Care should be taken to avoid widespread removal of vegetation without replacement. Manual weed removal is preferable and the use of herbicides should avoid non-target impacts. Leave dead trees standing. Encourage land managers and bushcare groups to undertake weed control. Site
Undertake restoration and augmentation planting and/or direct seeding, including species from the ground layer and understorey in areas of degraded and/or potentially suitable habitat particularly in riparian zones. Revegetation should focus on expanding existing smaller areas of suitable habitat and connecting areas of suitable habitat to create corridors for movement. A diversity of local native species should be planted. Dead trees should not be removed.Site
Manually remove and appropriately dispose of invasive aquatic weeds in waterways in foraging areas (weeds inhibit the species' ability to forage over water).Site
Liaise with relevant authorities and/or land managers to discourage the destruction of caves. If mine sites are to be closed or previously abandoned mines reopened, they should first be checked for the presence of bats (during summer) and access should still be provided for the bats to safely enter and leave. Closure technique should be discussed with relevant microbat experts to ensure that possible habitat for bats is maintained. If gates are used, they should be bat friendly with horizontal bars at least 15cm apart and preferably with a larger gap across the top. Bats should be excluded prior to closure (and this should not occur during the breeding season from October to February or in winter). The impact of closure on bat usage should be monitored for several seasons.Site, Area

How will this species be managed?

Priority sites for species are being identified by the Office of Environment and Heritage and other program partners, where feasible, cost-effective and beneficial to the species. Currently, 0 management sites have been identified for this species.

Management sites

Click on column headers to sort
Site nameSite typeStatusLocal government area (LGA)
Currently no priority sites identified

Are you or is someone you know doing conservation work for this species or in this area?

Contact us to tell us about the work. Your input will help OEH evaluate the status of threatened species and provide a broader picture of conservation work across NSW.