The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas.
( click here
to see geographic restrictions).
The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Cryptocarya foetida
Profile last updated:
05 Aug 2014
Stinking Cryptocarya is a small to medium-sized tree growing to 20 m tall, with a dark green crown, and brown, slightly fissured bark. The leaves are oval-shaped with a bluntly pointed tip, 5 – 12 cm long and 2 – 6 cm wide, dark green on the upper surface and paler below. The main leaf vein is prominent, yellow and characteristically crooked. The species is named from the offensive odour of the small creamy flowers, which are borne in small clusters. The purplish to black, fleshy, globular fruits are about 1 cm in diameter and enclose a single round seed.
Coastal south-east Queensland and north-east NSW south to Iluka.
Habitat and ecology
- Found in littoral, warm temporate and subtropical rainforest, wet sclerophyll forest and Camphor laural forest usually on sandy soils, but mature trees are also known on basalt soils.
- The seeds are readily dispersed by fruit-eating birds, and seedlings and saplings have been recorded from other habitats where they are unlikely to develop to maturity.
- Though seedlings can be fairly numerous, few mature trees are known.
Regional distribution and habitat
Click on a region below to view detailed distribution, habitat and vegetation information.
- Risk of local extinction because populations are small.
- Clearing and fragmentation of habitat for development.
- Clearing and fragmentation of habitat for agriculture.
- Infestation of habitat by weeds.
- Clearing and distrubance as a result of roadworks and track maintenance.
- Inappropriate fire regime.
- Trampling by visitors when accessing beach areas through littoral rainforest.
- Trampling by domestic stock.
- Inappropriate fire regime altering habitat and destroying individuals.
A targeted strategy for managing this species has been developed under the Saving Our Species program; click here
for details. For more information on the Saving Our Species program click here
Activities to assist this species
- Protect areas of known and potential habitat from clearing or development.
- Support local Landcare groups and bush regeneration teams raise the profile of the species and undertake onground management.
- Avoid fire in and around areas of known habitat.
- Undertake weed control work in areas of known habitat.
- Expand and connect remaining areas of habitat.
- Exclude cattle from known habitat.
- Monitor the population dynamics and threats at known populations.
- Keep to tracks and avoid trampling on small plants.
- Provide ongoing advise to consent and planning authorities regarding the protection of the species.
- Maintain viable exsitu seedbank and/or living collection.
- Undertake survey to identify unrecorded populations.
- Briggs, J.D. and Leigh, J.H. (1996) Rare or Threatened Australian Plants. Revised Edition. (CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne)
- Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water NSW (2010) Border Ranges Rainforest Biodiversity Management Plan - NSW & Queensland. (DECCW NSW, Sydney)
- Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water NSW (2010) Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan.
- Harden, G., McDonald, B. and Williams, J. (2006) Rainforest trees and shrubs: a field guide to their identification. (Gwen Harden Publishing, Nambucca Heads)
- Harden, G.J. (2000) Cryptocarya. Pp 135-143 in Harden, G.J. (ed.) Flora of New South Wales. Volume 1. Revised Edition (New South Wales University Press, Sydney)
- NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service (2002) Threatened Species of the Upper North Coast of NSW: Flora. (NSW NPWS, Coffs Harbour)
Known or predicted
Geographic restrictions region