Anemone Buttercup - profile

Indicative distribution


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Key:
known
predicted
The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Ranunculus anemoneus
Conservation status in NSW: Vulnerable
Commonwealth status: Vulnerable
Profile last updated: 01 Dec 2017

Description

The Anemone Buttercup is a robust, perennial herb. Its basal leaves are large (to 8 cm wide), leathery and deeply-cleft into multiple spreading lobes; the stem-clasping leaves are stalkless. The dramatic flowers are creamy-white and large (to 6 cm in diameter). The flowers appear almost as soon as the snow melts. The numerous fruits, which are densely-clustered in a head to 1.5 cm in diameter, have a prominent beak to 2 mm long.

Distribution

The Anemone Buttercup occurs in a narrow band, only about 8km wide and 32km long, along the Great Dividing Range within Kosciuszko National Park (comprising the Main Range between Mt Kosciuszko and Mt Twynam; the Charlottes Pass resort; the Mt Perisher - Mt Blue Cow area; the Guthega - Mt Tate area; the Schlink Pass - Gungarten Pass area, the Rams Head Range and Upper parts of Thredbo, and Mt Jagungal).

Habitat and ecology

  • The Anemone Buttercup generally occurs in environments with late melting snow; on south to east facing, steep grassy slopes, or rocky crevices, or short alpine herbfields. The species has also been collected along watercourses, in grassland, heathland (below snowpatches) and on roadside batters. Soils at Anemone Buttercup sites include loams (alpine humus soils), peats and decomposing granite.
  • It is probably palatable to domestic stock and therefore grazing-sensitive. Part of the reason for the susceptibility of Anemone Buttercup to grazing might be its early flowering. This is because species in the high country that flower soon after snow melt form their flower buds in the autumn before flowering; grazing of Anemone Buttercup flower buds in autumn could significantly impact on populations if plants are short-lived.

Regional distribution and habitat

Click on a region below to view detailed distribution, habitat and vegetation information.


Threats

Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
Australian AlpsSnowy Mountains Known above 1400 m