Littoral Rainforest in the New South Wales North Coast, Sydney Basin and South East Corner Bioregions - profile

Indicative distribution


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known
predicted
The areas shown in pink and/purple are the sub-regions where the species or community is known or predicted to occur. They may not occur thoughout the sub-region but may be restricted to certain areas. ( click here to see geographic restrictions). The information presented in this map is only indicative and may contain errors and omissions.
Scientific name: Littoral Rainforest in the New South Wales North Coast, Sydney Basin and South East Corner Bioregions
Conservation status in NSW: Endangered Ecological Community
Commonwealth status: Critically Endangered
Gazetted date: 04 Jun 2004
Profile last updated: 19 Oct 2017

Description

Littoral Rainforest is generally a closed forest, the structure and composition of which is strongly influenced by its proximity to the ocean. The plant species of this community are predominantly rainforest species. Several species have compound leaves, and vines may be a major component of the canopy. These features differentiate littoral rainforest from forest or scrub, but while the canopy is dominated by rainforest species, scattered emergent individuals of sclerophyll species, such as Angophora costata, Banksia integrifolia, Eucalyptus botryoides and Eucalyptus tereticornis occur in many stands. There is considerable floristic variation between stands and in particular areas, localised variants may be recognised. The Sutherland Shire Littoral Rainforest Endangered Ecological Community which was listed previously as an endangered ecological community is included within this community. Characteristic species of this community are cited in the NSW Scientific Committee Final Determination on the DEC website.

Distribution

Littoral Rainforest occurs only on the coast and is found at locations in the NSW North Coast Bioregion, Sydney Basin Bioregion and South East Corner Bioregion. Littoral Rainforest is very rare and occurs in many small stands. In total, it comprises less than one percent of the total area of rainforest in NSW. The largest known stand occurs in Iluka Nature Reserve, which is about 136 hectares in size. Not all stands of this community have been included in mapping for the Environmental Planning Policy 26, Littoral rainforest.

Habitat and ecology

  • Occurs on sand dunes and on soil derived from underlying rocks.
  • Stands on headlands exposed to strong wind-action may take the form of dense, wind-pruned thickets.
  • Stands are generally taller in sheltered sites such as hind dunes, although wind-pruning may still occur on their windward sides.
  • Most stands occur within two kilometres of the sea, though are occasionally found further inland within reach of the maritime influence.
  • A number of species characteristic of Littoral Rainforest in NSW reach their southern limits at various places along the coast; a number of temperate species are restricted to the south coast; the total Littoral Rainforest flora declines from north to south.
  • The species composition (flora and fauna) of a site will be influenced by its geographic location, the size of the site, its degree of exposure and rainfall, its disturbance history (including fire) and, if previously disturbed, the stage of regeneration.

Regional distribution and habitat

Click on a region below to view detailed distribution, habitat and vegetation information.


Threats

Recovery strategies

Activities to assist this species

Information sources

IBRA Bioregion IBRA Subregion Known or predicted Geographic restrictions region
NSW North CoastCoffs Coast and Escarpment Known within 4km of the high water mark
NSW North CoastKaruah Manning Predicted within 2 km of the sea, but may occasionally be found further inland within reach of maritime influence
NSW North CoastMacleay Hastings Known within 2 km of the sea, but may occasionally be found further inland within reach of maritime influence, within 4km of the high water mark
NSW North CoastYuraygir Known within 4km of the high water mark
Other StateJervis Bay Territory Known None
South East CornerBateman Known None
South Eastern QueenslandBurringbar-Conondale Ranges Known within 4km of the high water mark
South Eastern QueenslandClarence Lowlands Known within 4km of the high water mark
South Eastern QueenslandClarence Sandstones Known within 4km of the high water mark
South Eastern QueenslandScenic Rim Known within 4km of the high water mark
South Eastern QueenslandSunshine Coast-Gold Coast Lowlands Known within 4km of the high water mark
Sydney BasinHunter Predicted within 2 km of the sea, but may occasionally be found further inland within reach of maritime influence
Sydney BasinIllawarra Known None
Sydney BasinJervis Known None
Sydney BasinPittwater Known mostly occurs within 2 km of the sea, but may occasionally be found further inland within reach of maritime influence, within 2 km of the sea, but may occasionally be found further inland within reach of maritime influence
Sydney BasinSydney Cataract Predicted mostly occurs within 2 km of the sea, but may occasionally be found further inland within reach of maritime influence
Sydney BasinWyong Predicted within 2 km of the sea, but may occasionally be found further inland within reach of maritime influence