Koalas are one of Australia's most iconic animals, recognisable around the world. However, koala populations are under increasing pressure. Despite a range of regulations, recovery programs, strategies and numerous community initiatives overall koala numbers in NSW are in decline.
Koalas were listed as vulnerable by the NSW government in 1992 and three koala populations have been listed as endangered. The combined koala populations of Queensland, NSW and the Australian Capital Territory were listed as vulnerable by the Commonwealth in 2012. A study in 2012 estimated that NSW had around 36,000 koalas and that koala numbers had declined by 26% over the past three koala generations (15-21 years) and will probably continue to decline at the same rate over the next three generations unless action is taken.
A whole-of-government NSW koala strategy will outline the actions needed to stabilise and then start to increase koala numbers. The strategy will identify who is responsible for each action, the timeframe, funding and what the NSW Government needs to measure to check if the actions have worked.