Railway Hotel | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Railway Hotel

Item details

Name of item: Railway Hotel
Other name/s: Rookwood Hotel (1876)
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Commercial
Category: Hotel
Primary address: 4-4A Joseph Street, Lidcombe, NSW 2141
Parish: Liberty Plains
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Auburn
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
4-4A Joseph StreetLidcombeAuburnLiberty PlainsCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

The Railway Hotel has local historic, social and aesthetic significance as an example of a hotel established in the late ninteenth century (though later rebuilt or substantially renovated), prominently situated in the centre of the town of Licombe, opposite the railway.

More specifically, the hotel is historically significant as it would have provided temporary accommodation for some of the earliest workers to come to the area in the late ninteenth century, as well as provided stimulus to the growth of the town centre in the immediate vicinity. It is socially significant as a popular place of gathering and meeting in the Lidcombe community.

The building's aesthetic significance has been hampered by a number of modifications (or possible rebuilding), though it is enhanced by the prominent corner location and layering of a number of evident architectural styles.
Date significance updated: 08 Dec 10
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Builder/Maker: Bernard Gormley
Construction years: 1876-1900
Physical description: External Materials: Cement rendered brickwork, decorative render, timber detailing to the top floor and aluminium detailing below, applied coating to render (granosite ), ceramic tiles.

Internal Materials: Unseen.

Styles: Inter War Functionalist (With Art Deco elements)

This is a two storey hotel building with a basement cellar area and small one storey wing to the rear. It is a typical pub covering the street to the boundary alignment with a splay to the corner. The corner location is typical of such pubs in the Sydney region. The corner is further emphasised by a finial and a raised parapet line at the corner. The streamlined appearance of the parapet is consistent with the theme of movement typical to the 1930's, expression of both horizontal and vertical movement.
The building features Art Deco elements such as the lettering, the bonded horizontal mouldings to the parapet, the splayed corner and finial detail at the splay. Some elements seem to date from an earlier period, such as the multi paned timber windows. The facade below the awning is probably 1970's, although the openings appear to be in their original position.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Building condition appears good. The ground floor facade requires painting and cleaning.
Date condition updated:10 Feb 11
Modifications and dates: There is evidence of several modifications to the external fabric below the awning.The building appears to have been substantially renovated or rebuilt (date unknown).
Current use: Hotel
Former use: Hotel

History

Historical notes: The hotels were among the earliest leisure facilities to be established in the area. Initially they catered for travellers, but in the late ninteenth century they were established to cater for local residents. Hotels provided accommodation for single men who had recently arrived in the district and were to be employed in local industries. Such accommodation was in great demand. The earlier hotels were usually located in a prominent position in the town centres, or on the major transport routes such as Parramatta Road.

The Railway Hotel was originally licenced in 1876 as the Rookwood Hotel. The publican in 1884 was M. C. DeLisle. By 1890 the licence was held by Joseph Abrahams. The name change to the Railway Hotel occured with the change of publicans in 1887.

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The Railway Hotel has local historic, social and aesthetic significance as an example of a hotel established in the late ninteenth century (though later rebuilt or substantially renovated), prominently situated in the centre of the town of Licombe, opposite the railway. More specifically, the hotel is historically significant as it would have provided temporary accommodation for some of the earliest workers to come to the area in the late ninteenth century, as well as provided stimulus to the growth of the town centre in the immediate vicinity.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building's aesthetic significance has been hampered by a number of modifications (or possible rebuilding), though it is enhanced by the prominent corner location and layering of a number of evident architectural styles.

The corner is further emphasised by a finial and a raised parapet line at the corner. The streamlined appearance of the parapet is consistent with the theme of movement typical to the 1930's, expression of both horizontal and vertical movement.
The building features Art Deco elements such as the lettering, the bonded horizontal mouldings to the parapet, the splayed corner and finial detail at the splay.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
It is socially significant as a popular place of gathering and meeting in the Lidcombe community.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The hotel provided temporary accommodation for some of the earliest workers to come to the area in the late ninteenth century.
Integrity/Intactness: Illuminated signage has been installed above the awning. An adjacent building on Joseph Street appears to have been taken over by the hotel.

The building's aesthetic significance has been hampered by a number of modifications (or possible rebuilding).
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Conserve the building by on-going use or appropriate re-use. This building is important. A Conservation Plan should be prepared to guide any future alterations or upgrading.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanAuburn Local Environmental Plan 2010I3729 Oct 10 14111412
Heritage studySchwager Brooks and Partners9-2-2-100   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Auburn Heritage Study19969-2-2-100Schwager Brooks and Partners Pty LtdSchwager Brooks No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written 1992Liberty Plains: A History of Auburn N.S.W. Centenary Edition.
WrittenT. Kass1995Draft Historical Context Report: Auburn Heritage Study

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1030032


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