Royal Oak Hotel | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage

Heritage

Royal Oak Hotel

Item details

Name of item: Royal Oak Hotel
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Commercial
Category: Hotel
Primary address: 46 - 50 Railway Street, Lidcombe, NSW 2141
Parish: Liberty Plains
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Auburn
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
46 - 50 Railway StreetLidcombeAuburnLiberty PlainsCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

The Royal Oak Hotel has local historic, social and aesthetic significance as an example of a hotel established in the late ninteenth century (though later rebuilt), prominently situated in the centre of the town of Lidcombe, opposite the railway.

More specifically, the hotel is historically significant as it would have provided temporary accommodation for some of the earliest workers to come to the area in the late ninteenth century, as well as provided stimulus to the growth of the town centre in the immediate vicinity.

It is socially significant as a popular place of gathering and meeting in the Lidcombe community. The building's aesthetic significance is enhanced by the prominent corner location. It has been rebuilt during the Post War Period in the Functionalist style with Art Deco detailing.
Date significance updated: 08 Dec 10
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1876-1900
Physical description: External Materials: Cream face brick, concrete, ceramic tiles, steel awning, steel and aluminium windows.

Internal Materials: Unseen.

Styles: Post War Functionalist / Art Deco

This is a highly decorative example of an Art Deco Pub. The facade forms a major curve to imply movement around the building, but appears to be sited on a corner which (no longer?) exists. This facade has a streamlined quality. The horizontal movement is expressed by bonded concrete strips forming the boundaries of a glazing strip. Infill to the glazing strip is bonded, multi coloured brickwork and fenestartion at regular intervals.

The verticality of the building is stressed by a brick and concrete finial in a vertical strip at the centre of the facade. The curved facade gives the impression that the building is turning the corner, however it is positioned on a traditional straight street. The building is two storeys in height with a basement cellar. Circular metal grilles above the windows emphasise the linear quality (similar to an ocean liner).
The roof has a stepped parapet.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Some later aluminium doors and windows have been installed on the ground floor. Some damage to the fascia of the awning is evident, as well as some general staining to the face brickwork, but otherwise the facade is in good condition. Original tiles to the facade.
Date condition updated:11 Feb 11
Modifications and dates: The building appears largely unaltered from its time of construction in the early1930's.
Current use: Hotel
Former use: Hotel

History

Historical notes: The hotels were among the earliest leisure facilities to be established in the area. Initially they catered for travellers, but in the late ninteenth century they were established to cater for local residents. Hotels provided accommodation for single men who had recently arrived in the district and were to be employed in local industries. Such accommodation was in great demand. The earlier hotels were usually located in a prominent position in the town centres, or on the major transport routes such as Parramatta Road.

The original Royal Oak Hotel was built in 1878 and licenced in that year. The publican is listed as being E. Smith. The building appears to have been rebuilt in the Post War Period.

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The Royal Oak Hotel has local historic, social and aesthetic significance as an example of a hotel established in the late ninteenth century (though later rebuilt), prominently situated in the centre of the town of Lidcombe, opposite the railway. More specifically, the hotel is historically significant as it would have provided temporary accommodation for some of the earliest workers to come to the area in the late ninteenth century, as well as provided stimulus to the growth of the town centre in the immediate vicinity.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building's aesthetic significance is enhanced by the prominent corner location. This is a highly decorative example of an Art Deco Pub. The facade forms a major curve to imply movement around the building.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
It is socially significant as a popular place of gathering and meeting in the Lidcombe community.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The hotel provided accommodation for single men who had recently arrived in the district and were to be employed in local industries.
Integrity/Intactness: The building appears to have been rebuilt in the Post War Period.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

Conserve the building by on-going use or appropriate re-use. This building is important. A Conservation Plan should be prepared to guide any future alterations or upgrading.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanAuburn Local Environmental Plan 2010I3829 Oct 10 14111415
Heritage studySchwager Brooks and Partners9-2-2-101   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Auburn Heritage Study19969-2-2-101Schwager Brooks and Partners Pty LtdSchwager Brooks No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written 1992Liberty Plains: A History of Auburn N.S.W. Centenary Edition.
WrittenT. Kass1995Draft Historical Context Report: Auburn Heritage Study.

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1030053


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