William Street Streetscape Group | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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William Street Streetscape Group

Item details

Name of item: William Street Streetscape Group
Type of item: Conservation Area
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Location: Lat: 0 Long: 0
Primary address: 1-37 William Street, Bellingen, NSW 2454
Local govt. area: Bellingen
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
1-37 William StreetBellingenBellingen  Primary Address
Both sides of street between Church and Lovell StsBellingenBellingen  Alternate Address

Statement of significance:

A street with a high proportion of older style houses, generally typical of those built throughout the town's history. A range of periods and styles is represented in different degrees of preservation. All combine to form an attractive streetscape with considerable character. This owes much to the consistency of weatherboard construction and iron roofs. Close to the main street in the oldest part of the town.
No. 4: Very early house. One of the oldest and least altered in the Shire. Needs repairs and maintenance but, as such, retains its early character. Typical of houses built in the town's pioneering days and popular for a long time after.
Dominant roof form and encircling verandah continue to have a major positive impact on the historic streetscape.
No. 17: Estimated to be one of the oldest surviving buildings in the town and the Shire. Would have been typical of the area's earliest cottages. One of the last remaining links with the Shire's pioneering days. Despite the unfortunate loss of its fence and some original fabric the building remains essentially unaltered. Part of the larger William Street group.
No. 29: Excellent local example of a Victorian Georgian design. Of particular note for its fine proportioning and detail. The cast iron verandah detailing is rare locally. Interesting rear wing. Would have been typical of many houses built locally in the late nineteenth century. In remarkably good condition and one of the town's oldest surviving buildings. Part of the larger William Street group.
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Physical description: Grouping of older style houses on both sides of street, between Church and Lovell Streets. Includes a high proportion of simple weatherboard homes, typical of those found throughout the town. Many are quite early. Houses of interest tend to fall in groups and pairs. No's 5, 7 and 9 form a good group of three traditional small scale cottages. 25 is a standard Federation house. 20 is a more unusual Federation design. 31 and 33 are a traditional Georgian pair, somewhat altered. 21 and 23 are a pair of double gabled Bungalows and 27 is a single gabled example. All are located close to the main street, in the oldest part of the town.
No. 4: A traditional weatherboard cottage. Square plan with encircling skillion verandah. Pyramidal iron roof. Simple verandah posts without ornament. Original four panelled door with French doors either side. 12-pane windows at side. Post and rail fence with wire mesh. In need of repairs and maintenance.
No. 17: Weatherboard cottage adopting a simple gabled form. Iron roof. Bull nosed verandah with flat timber posts and latticework above slatted balustrade. Ornate barge boards to gables at sides. Window hood below gable.
No 29: Victorian Georgian cottage, probably c1890. Symmetrical design with hipped iron roof and wrap around skillion verandah. French doors on either side of main door. Outstanding feature is cast iron verandah decoration including flat columns, brackets and fringe. Rear wing. New rather ornate picket fence. Well planted front garden now makes house difficult to see.
Modifications and dates: Most houses have suffered some degree of alteration but retain their essential form and most of their original fabric. 20 and 33 have been spoiled by modern roof cladding which tends to be highly visible.
No. 4: Hardly altered but in need of repairs and maintenance. Unsympathetic post in front. Car port at side.
No. 29: Verandah enclosed at side. 1984 photo shows fence is new. A little too ornate for the building. Otherwise appears hardly altered.
Further information: No 4: Demolished?
Site visit 2009: No 17: guttering and double gable roof intact; lattice work and balustrade removed; window hoods intact; ramp access added.
No 29: new roofing and guttering; iron lace supports intact;; windows and doors intact, but flyscreened; could not access rear.
No 4: roof pitch unchanged; all new windows and doors; new brick form; new fence; ramp access added; car port removed; post at front removed; side verandah missing, now part of brick building; basically a totally different building!
Current use: Residential
Former use: Residential

History

Historical notes: No 4: Recorded in 1984 Planning Workshop survey as being probably c1880.
No. 17: Believed to be one of the oldest surviving buildings in the town and the Shire. 1984 Planning Workshop study estimated construction c1875. At that time formed a good pair with No 19, since demolished.
No 29: Recorded in 1984 Planning Workshop survey as c1895. Probably a little earlier.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Technology-Activities and processes associated with the knowledge or use of mechanical arts and applied sciences (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
This item is assessed as historically significant locally.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
This item is assessed as aesthetically significant locally.
SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
This item is assessed as socially significant locally.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
This item is assessed as aesthetically rare locally.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
This item is assessed as aesthetically representative locally.
Integrity/Intactness: This item is assessed as socially significant by association locally.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanBLocal Environmental Plan 2010I10906 Aug 10   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Bellingen Heritage Study1991BG0190, BG0191, BG0192, BG0193,Perumal Murphy Wu Pty Ltd  No

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1110190


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