Mv013 : Gatekeeper's Cottage | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Mv013 : Gatekeeper's Cottage

Item details

Name of item: Mv013 : Gatekeeper's Cottage
Primary address: 169-181 Great Western Highway, Mount Victoria, NSW 2786
Local govt. area: Blue Mountains
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
169-181 Great Western HighwayMount VictoriaBlue Mountains   Primary Address

Statement of significance:

Cottages for gatekeepers beside level crossings were once quite common along the highway in the Blue Mountains, but only six of the original twelve remain and only four of them are habitable and on their original sites. The Mount Victoria gatekeeper's cottage has retained much of its architectural integrity, interestingly laid out gardens and it spatial relationship to the railway. However it is severely compromised by the raising of the road to its roof level to form the approach to the bridge which replaced the level crossing. It has local significance, particularly in relation to the nearby tollhouse and Mount Victoria Village.
Date significance updated: 23 Dec 99
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1868-1868
Physical description: A single storey building with intersecting gables in a garden setting facing south to railway line. The house is symmetrical on a north-south axis with the main east west gable intersected by the south gable facing the railway. A skillion is located on the north side.
Corrugated steel roof, stone chimney
Regular coursed sparrowpicked sandstone walls with rockfaced quoins to corners and at openings.
Skillion verandah with stop chamfered verandah column in southeast corner to provide sheltered entry to front door.
Single sandstone step to front door
Pair narrow double hung windows in south gable wall, other windows 2 over 2 pane double hung
Fretwork barge boards and square finials
Rendered crest on south gable with date "1868"
Vertical vent openings in east and west gables

Pair iron picket gates on east side in sandstone garden wall with sandstone gate piers. Gatepiers have carved trefoil motif.
Remnants of well survive in garden on south side of house
3 no. remnant stone retaining walls form terraces in garden leading down to the railway line.
Fibro shed in northeast corner of yard
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Fair
Date condition updated:23 Dec 99
Modifications and dates: Skillion verandah on north side
Barge boards to 1 no. gable replaced
Retaining wall and associated steps and single entry gate around north and west sides of house associated with present alignment of highway
Barge boards on south gable
Weatherboard additions on west side
Corrugated steel shed in southeast corner of yard
Current use: Residence
Former use: Residence and Gatekeeper's cottage

History

Historical notes: The narrowness of the transport corridor across the Blue Mountains made it necessary for the railway in the 1860s to cross the existing road at frequent intervals. Some crossings were bridges, but twelve level crossings staffed by a resident gatekeeper were necessary. Six of the gatekeepers' stone cottages survive, five of them in situ, four of them habitable. The Mount Victoria cottage was rendered redundant in 1902 when track duplication called for a new bridge, so, like the other habitable cottages it is now privately owned.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Transport-Activities associated with the moving of people and goods from one place to another, and systems for the provision of such movements (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The narrowness of the transport corridor across the Blue Mountains made it necessary for the railway in the 1860s to cross the existing road at frequent intervals. Some crossings were bridges, but twelve level crossings staffed by a resident gatekeeper were necessary. Six of the gatekeepers' stone cottages survive, five of them in situ, four of them habitable. The Mount Victoria cottage was rendered redundant in 1902 when track duplication called for a new bridge, so, like the other habitable cottages it is now privately owned.
Its historical significance is quite high on a local level as a fairly rare example of what was once a more common signifier of the relationship of road and rail from 1868 to 1902. The way in which the road was built up above the cottage to reach the 1902 bridge has however severely altered the cottages relationship to the road.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
With the construction of the railway line across the Blue Mountains a series of twelve gatehouses were built to a pattern in the rustic gothic style. The gatehouses varied only in orientation and minor details which were generally determined by their location and relationship to the railway line.The design of the gatehouses is a simple cottage form with gothic details including the steeply sloping gabled roofs with decorative fretwork barge boards, narrow windows and stone walls, making the gatehouses a picturesque form in the landscape. All the remaining gatehouses that are visible from the highway are local landmarks.
Of the gatehouses which survive in their original location, Mount Victoria gatekeeper's cottage perhaps has the clearest
example of a garden which relates to its use as a gatehouse and
adds to the picturesque nature of its setting, with stone terraces and a path leading to the railway line where the gates for the level crossing were located. The garden is enclosed on the southern side by a stone wall with gothic detailing and a palisade gate.
Integrity/Intactness: Reasonable
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanLEP2005MV01307 Oct 05 122 
Heritage study MV013   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Blue Mountains Heritage Study1983MV013Croft & Associates Pty Ltd & Meredith Walker  Yes
Heritage Study Review, Blue Mountains1992MV013Tropman and Tropman  Yes
Blue Mountains Heritage Register Review1999MV013Jack, R. I. for University of SydneyRIJ & PH Yes
Technical Audit BM Heritage Register2008MV013Blue Mountains City CouncilCity Planning Branch No

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez
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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1170208


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