Mv019 : Semi-detached Cottages | NSW Environment & Heritage

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Mv019 : Semi-detached Cottages

Item details

Name of item: Mv019 : Semi-detached Cottages
Other name/s: Larsen's Cottages, Kanimbla Cottage
Primary address: 28-30 Montgomery Street, Mount Victoria, NSW 2786
Parish: Hartley
County: Cook
Local govt. area: Blue Mountains
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
28-30 Montgomery StreetMount VictoriaBlue Mountains HartleyCookPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

The semi-detached pair of cottages built as an income-earning investment through leasing to visitors to the Mountains in the later nineteenth and early twentieth century is a significant representative example. The significance of the owner, however, is unusually high. Berghofer was a prominent entrepreneur and politician, well known in Kanimbla, Mount Victoria and Little Hartley, who left his mark through, in particular, the construction of Berghofer’s Pass to allow early cars a better route down the mountains to the west than Victoria Pass then offered. They are a pair of semi-detached cottages with intact Victorian features such as the original dormer windows and ogee form verandah. The semi-detached and terraced cottage form is unusual in the Blue Mountains and these cottages are a fine example of the type.
Date significance updated: 23 Dec 99
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1880-1890
Physical description: A pair of hipped roof semi-detached Victorian Georgian style cottages facing north to Montgomery Street with an ogee roofed verandah on the north side.
The cottages have a corrugated steel roof with dormer windows and a central rendered chimney with a rendered moulded corbel.
The verandah has stop chamfered columns, a boarded screen dividing the cottages and a boarded screen to the west end.
A 4 pane door is at the centre of each house with 2 over 2 pane double hung windows either side.
The cottages have a rear skillion wing

A brick outhouse with a corrugated steel vaulted roof is in the rear yard of each cottage
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Fair
Date condition updated:23 Dec 99
Modifications and dates: Door opening formed in dividing verandah screen
Rear skillion extended on east house, both skillions infilled
Cast iron brackets and timber balustrade to verandah
Windows in side walls
Current use: Residence
Former use: Letting House

History

Historical notes: John William Berghofer (1840 - 1927) was born in the German state of Hesse and came to Australia in 1855 with his mother and younger siblings to join his father in the Sydney area. John William worked as a farm labourer and road overseer around Sydney. In 1867 he married a young German woman, Katherine Spring (1850 - 1945) and became a dedicated Anglican. He first encountered the Blue Mountains around 1870 when he left his family in Kogarah and went gold-seeking at Hill End and Gulgong. He returned to Kogarah but in 1875-6 he moved to Kanimbla Valley as manager of the old Norton sheep station recently acquired by Ebenezer Vickery, the industrialist and grazier. The Berghofer family lived there in the new homestead built by Berghofer himself in 1876. After thirteen years in Kanimbla, the Berghofers moved back to Kogarah in 1889, when Vickery leased the sheep-station, but in 1892 they returned to the Blue Mountains, buying the old Victoria Inn at the foot of Mitchell’s Pass , renaming it Rosenthal, later, because of anti-German sentiment, Rosedale (Bergman 2-7).

Berghofer and his friend H.G. Rienitz, a school-teacher, shared an enthusiasm for education and for the mountain climate. They both bought investment property in Mount Victoria around the same time in the 1880s and wished to capitalise on the growing tourist trade and its attendant services (Bergman 7). Berghofer, like Rienets, built cottages for leasing in Montgomery Street: the semi-detached cottages (MV 019), known locally as Larsen’s Cottages, were built for Berghofer and probably constructed by Larsen. Neils (Peter) Larsen was Henry Lawson's father and it is said that Henry Lawson himself did some of the painting. (Silvey; Roderick)

At the same time Berghofer built a characteristic general store with living accommodation on the corner of Selsdon Street and the highway (MV 041) and this facility was leased to store-keepers, most notably John Wilson from at least 1912 to 1923 (MV Progress Association Directory 1912, 16; Country Trades Register 1923, 160).

The house known as Berghofer’s House (MV 022) is likely to have been leased to tenants for much of the sixty years that Berghofer and later his widow owned it. Berghofer’s primary residence after 1892 was Rosedale, except for the period 1898 to 1903 when he returned to Kanimbla homestead as Vickery’s manager. When Blaxland Shire (which included Rosedale but not Mount Victoria) was formed in 1906, Berghofer bacame its first President and became famous because of the building of Berghofer’s Pass in 1907-12. For the next two decades Berghofer’s Pass superseded Victoria Pass, until Victoria Pass was improved for motor transport in 1934 (Wilson 14).

Although Berghofer was a naturalised Australian citizen, he was obliged by war-time legislation to resign from his public office in Blaxland Shire Council in 1916 because he had been born in Germany, just as Rienitz was obliged to close his Mount Victoria school (MV 020) at the same time (Bergman 15). Berghofer continued to live at Rosedale but retained close links with Mount Victoria. When he was presented to the future George VI and the present Queen Mother at Mount York in 1927, a journalist described him as ‘Father of Mount Victoria’ (Bergman 16): this is excessive, but it is a useful reminder that the complex of store and three houses which Berghofer built there were a significant stage in the village’s development.

Berghofer was buried in Mount Victoria cemetery in 1927. In the 1930s and up to 1941 Miss Hood and then Miss Pratley ran Rosedale as a boarding-house (Moore 1930, 193; Silvey 117), so it is likely that the widowed Katherine Berghofer came to live in the Mount Victoria house (MV 022) until her death in 1945.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Land tenure-Activities and processes for identifying forms of ownership and occupancy of land and water, both Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The semi-detached pair of cottages built as an income-earning investment through leasing to visitors to the Mountains in the later nineteenth and early twentieth century is a significant representative example. The significance of the owner, however, is unusually high. Berghofer was a prominent entrepreneur and politician, well known in Kanimbla, Mount Victoria and Little Hartley, who left his mark through, in particular, the construction of Berghofer’s Pass to allow early cars a better route down the mountains to the west than Victoria Pass then offered.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The cottages at 28-30 Montgomery Street, Mount Victoria are a pair of semi-detached cottages with intact Victorian features such as the original dormer windows and ogee form verandah. The semi-detached and terraced cottage form is unusual in the Blue Mountains and these cottages are a fine example of the type.
Integrity/Intactness: Fair
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanLEP2005MV01907 Oct 05 122 
Heritage study MV019   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Blue Mountains Heritage Study1983MV019Croft & Associates Pty Ltd & Meredith Walker  Yes
Heritage Study Review, Blue Mountains1992MV019Tropman and Tropman  Yes
Blue Mountains Heritage Register Review1999MV019Jack, R. I. for University of SydneyRIJ & PH Yes
Technical Audit BM Heritage Register2008MV019Blue Mountains City CouncilCity Planning Branch No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written 1939Moore's Australian Almanac and New South Wales Country Directory, 1930-
Written 1923Country Trades Register
Written 1912Mount Victoria Directory
WrittenBergmann, G. F. J.,1954John William Berghofer
WrittenRoderick, Colin1982The Real Henry Lawson
WrittenSilvey, Gwen1996Happy Days: Blue Mountains Guesthouses Remembered
WrittenWilson, A.1949The Great Western Highway in Main Roads, 15, pt. 1 September

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

rez
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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1170209


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