Wm002 : Warrimoo Horse Trough | NSW Environment & Heritage

Culture and heritage


Wm002 : Warrimoo Horse Trough

Item details

Name of item: Wm002 : Warrimoo Horse Trough
Primary address: Great Western Highway, Warrimoo, NSW 2774
Local govt. area: Blue Mountains
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
Great Western HighwayWarrimooBlue Mountains   Primary Address

Statement of significance:

Socially significant. Evocative of an earlier mode of transport prior to the rise and dominance of motor vehicles. Also evidence of early philanthropy and the development of animal protection societies during the early twentieth century.
Date significance updated: 25 Feb 00
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.


Construction years: 1930-1940
Physical description: The horse-trough at Warrimoo is a characteristic Bills design, lacking the small side trough for small animals, found at Wentworth Falls (WF 014) and at Medlow Bath (MB 013). It is otherwise identical with the example at Wentworth Falls.

The relocation in 1999 gave the trough new stone foundations and a different environment, in which passing horses would always have been uncommon. It is situated in a small park adjacent to but very significantly lower than the Great Western Highway, whereas it was previously sited on the highway and facing the road: its back is now presented to the road above. A stone seat is located some three metres to the west: between the seat and the trough is a metal garbage container. To the north, at the apex of a triangle with the seat and the trough, is one of the numerous commemorative concrete markers to G.H. Evans’ survey of the mountains in 1814.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Date condition updated:25 Feb 00
Modifications and dates: Relocated, 1999
Current use: Disused
Former use: Horse Trough


Historical notes: Annis and George Bills ran a bird exporting business. They were animal lovers who had no children and gave considerable sums to animal societies such as the Dowling Street Dogs Home (£500 p.a) and a shelter for horses in Kingswood/Maroubra. They also donated to the (English) Metropolitan Drinking Fountain and Cattle Troughs Association.

When George died in 1927 he left an estate of £91,000. After various bequests, the remainder of the estate was to be used to construct and pay for horse troughs wherever they may be necessary for the relief of horses or other dumb animals in Australasia, the British Isles or any other part of the world subject to the consent of the proper authorities.

The troughs were erected from 1930 to 1940, providing employment in the Depression years. About 700 troughs were erected in Australia, the majority were in Victoria, and about 50 were erected overseas, including the UK and Dublin. The troughs were usually of reinforced concrete and were of a standard design. Rare examples were occasionally in granite (eg Scone, NSW and Hawthorn, Victoria).

The executors of the Bills estate died in the 1950s.
The estate was finally wound up about 1981.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Agriculture-Activities relating to the cultivation and rearing of plant and animal species, usually for commercial purposes, can include aquaculture (none)-
7. Governing-Governing Welfare-Activities and process associated with the provision of social services by the state or philanthropic organisations (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria d)
[Social significance]
Evocative of an earlier mode of transport prior to the rise and dominance of motor vehicles. Also evidence of early philanthropy and the development of animal protection societies during the early twentieth century.
Integrity/Intactness: High
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.


Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanLEP2005WM00207 Oct 05 122 
Heritage study WM002   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Blue Mountains Heritage Study1983WM002Croft & Associates Pty Ltd & Meredith Walker  Yes
Heritage Study Review, Blue Mountains1992WM002Tropman and Tropman  Yes
Blue Mountains Heritage Register Review1999WM002Jack, R. I. for University of SydneyRIJ Yes
Technical Audit BM Heritage Register2008WM002Blue Mountains City CouncilCity Planning Branch No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
Written  Horse Trough File
WrittenMcWilliams, M. E. Horse Troughs

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

(Click on thumbnail for full size image and image details)

Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1170308

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