H001 : Rainbow Lodge and Grounds | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

H001 : Rainbow Lodge and Grounds

Item details

Name of item: H001 : Rainbow Lodge and Grounds
Other name/s: See Further Comments
Primary address: 123-125 Great Western Highway, Hazelbrook, NSW 2779
Parish: Woodford
County: Cook
Local govt. area: Blue Mountains
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
123-125 Great Western HighwayHazelbrookBlue Mountains WoodfordCookPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

Criterion (a) Historical
Country retreats in the Mountains built by Asian businessmen are uncommon. The complex of two existing European cottages (124, 125 GWH) and the custom-built Yama (123 GWH) throws into relief the specifically Japanese features of the internal design of Yama. Since Mr Kitamura was Vice-consul for Japan for a period, it is likely that the cottages were visited by a variety of influential people involved in Japanese-Australian trade. Yama and the other two cottages have local historical significance.


Criterion (c) Aesthetic
Yama (123 GWH) is an interesting example of an inter-war bungalow. Although the house has been added to and the verandahs have been infilled, it appears to retain much of its original fabric and reveal something of the tastes and backgroundd of Toransuki Kitamura the Japanese businessman for whom it was built.

Criterion (f) Rarity
A cottage influenced by Japanese aesthetic expectations is extremely rare in the Mountains.

Criterion (g) Representativeness
The two cottages (124, 125 GWH) associated with Yama are good examples of the simple vernacular cottages which once served as mountain retreats and houses.
Date significance updated: 18 Oct 04
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1918-1918
Physical description: This group of buildings comprises a substantial inter-war bungalow (123 GWH) facing south the Great Western Highway and two gabled cottages to the west. The main bungalow is known as Yama and the westernmost of the two cottages is called Yama Cottage (125 GWH).

Yama (123 GWH) is a large bungalow built of red brick and rockfaced sandstone with a corrugated steel roof. It has a generous verandah on the front and sides with a roof broken back to the main hipped roof. A gable in the roof marks the entry. The rendered chimneys have corbelled tops. The verandah has rockfaced stone piers with brick spandrels.

The entry is centrally located and has a multi-pane door with sidelights opening to a generous entry hall. The door has a concrete lintel embellished with curved brackets supporting a hood. The entry hall is separated from the cross hall by a slatted timber screen with influences of traditional Japanese design.

A curved drive leads from the southeast corner of the site to the southwest corner. Gateposts at the southwest entry have sandstone caps marked with the name YAMA LODGE (which refers originally to 124 GWH).


The former Yama Lodge (124 GWH) is a simple gabled cottage with a skillion-roofed verandah. It has rusticated weatherboard cladding to the front (south façade) of the cottage and splayed weatherboards to the sides. French doors, probably from the mid twentieth century, open to the verandah. Two other doors to the verandah suggest a use as flats. A fretwork bargeboard on the east facing gable appears to be original.

Yama Cottage (125 GWH) is a simple gabled cottage with a skillion verandah to the front and sides. It has a corrugated steel roof and splayed weatherboard cladding. The verandah has been infilled and a skillion roofed porch added to the front of the house.
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
Good
Date condition updated:18 Oct 04
Modifications and dates: Yama (123 GWH)
Security shutters to verandah late C20th
Verandah infill 1940s

Yama Cottage (125 GWH)
The verandah has been infilled and a skillion-roofed porch added to the front of the house.

A low pitched double skillion roofed building has been built to the west of Yama.
Further information: Yama is currently listed on the Council’s Heritage Register under the name Rainbow Lodge. This name, which was current when the original inventory was compiled in 1982, has been superseded by the reversion to the original name Yama for 123 GWH.

Other Names: Rainbow Lodge (123 GWH); Haddon Hall (123 GWH); Yama Lodge (124 GWH); Yama Cottage (125 GWH)
Current use: Bed and Breakfast
Former use: Country Retreat; Children's Home

History

Historical notes: In 1910 an existing cottage in Woodford (124 GWH) was purchased by Mr Toransuki Kitamura, a Japanese born businessman (1866-1930). Kitamura had arrived in Sydney in 1890 and was appointed manager in Australia for F. Kanematsu (Australia) Ltd. (Searle, Historic Woodford and Linden, 85) He also served as Japanese Vice-consul. (Information Mrs E. Thompson). He called his Hazelbrook cottage Yama Lodge and, in 1918 when he purchased an adjacent cottage (125 GWH) he named the second house Yama Cottage. After the purchase of the second cottage, he built a more substantial house (123 GWH) which he named Yama. The Hazelbrook complex seems to have remained a country retreat for Kitamura and his Australian wife, Mabel. (Searle, 85)
Kitamura died in 1930 on a visit to Japan, but was buried in South Head Cemetery. His widow eventually sold the Hazelbrook property to the Sydney City Mission. It was then used as a children’s home and was renamed Haddon Hall. In 1970 it passed to the Handicapped Children’s Centre of New South Wales: it then changed its name again to Rainbow Lodge. (Searle, 85)

In recent years it has reverted to private ownership and been used for bed and breakfast accommodation. The present owners have reverted to the name Yama (125 GWH). Yama Lodge (124 GWH) is still part of the property but is leased. Yama Cottage (125 GWH) is no under separate ownership. (Information, Mrs Thompson)

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
2. Peopling-Peopling the continent Ethnic influences-Activities associated with common cultural traditions and peoples of shared descent, and with exchanges between such traditions and peoples. (none)-
3. Economy-Developing local, regional and national economies Commerce-Activities relating to buying, selling and exchanging goods and services (none)-
8. Culture-Developing cultural institutions and ways of life Leisure-Activities associated with recreation and relaxation (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
Country retreats in the Mountains built by Asian businessmen are uncommon. The complex of two existing European cottages (124, 125 GWH) and the custom-built Yama (123 GWH) throws into relief the specifically Japanese features of the internal design of Yama. Since Mr Kitamura was Vice-consul for Japan for a period, it is likely that the cottages were visited by a variety of influential people involved in Japanese-Australian trade. Yama and the other two cottages have local historical significance.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
Yama (123 GWH) is an interesting example of an inter-war bungalow. Although the house has been added to and the verandahs have been infilled, it appears to retain much of its original fabric and reveal something of the tastes and background of Toransuki Kitamura the Japanese businessman for whom it was built.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
A cottage influenced by Japanese aesthetic expectations is extremely rare in the Mountains.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The two cottages (124, 125 GWH) associated with Yama are good examples of the simple vernacular cottages which once served as mountain retreats and houses.
Integrity/Intactness: Fair to good
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanLEP1991H00127 Dec 91 183 
Heritage study H001   

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Blue Mountains Heritage Study1983H001Croft & Associates Pty Ltd & Meredith Walker  Yes
Heritage Study Review, Blue Mountains1992H001Tropman and Tropman  Yes
Blue Mountains Heritage Review2003H001Jack, Hubert, Lavelle, MorrisIJ, PH Yes
Technical Audit BM Heritage Register2008H001Blue Mountains City CouncilCity Planning Branch No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenAllan E Searle1980Historic Woodford and Linden
Oral HistoryMrs E Thompson, owner2003Information to IJ, 4 November

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1170660


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