Helikon [Item 203] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Helikon [Item 203]

Item details

Name of item: Helikon [Item 203]
Type of item: Complex / Group
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: Bungalow
Primary address: 33 Roberts Street, Strathfield, NSW 2135
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
33 Roberts StreetStrathfieldBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 33 Roberts Street, Strathfield has historical, aesthetic, rare and representative heritage significance. It is significant historically because it represents a house from a key period in the development of Burwood, designed by Architects ‘Slatyer and Cosh’ and built in c.1893. “Helikon’ is significant aesthetically due to its Victorian Free Classical style architectural features such as terracotta tiled steep pitched roof, decorative brick and rendered chimneys, a symmetrical front facade constructed of face brickwork, a front verandah with Greek elements such as a central pediment over supported by rendered Ionic columns on a tiled base. Other details include timber and glass panelled front door with timber and glass panelled sidelights and highlights over, timber framed French doors, small dormer vent and timber dentil detailing on the front verandah pediment and beam. The interior contains unusual decorative details, delicate stained glass, brass door plates, plaster ceilings and Art Nouveau decoration. The house is an excellent rare example of a Victorian Free Classical style bungalow with an unusual design combining Victorian and classical Greek details together. The site contains remnants of plantings from the Federation period which contributes positively to the Roberts Street streetscape and increases its rarity.
Date significance updated: 21 May 19
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Designer/Maker: Slayter and Cosh
Construction years: 1893-1893
Physical description: “Helikon’ is a single storey c.1893 late Victorian Free Classical style bungalow with terracotta tiled hipped roof with tall decorative brick and rendered chimneys, small dormer vent and small gabled entrance. The front facade is symmetrical and constructed of face brickwork. The front verandah has Greek elements such as a central pediment over and is supported by rendered Ionic columns on a tiled base. The central timber and glass panelled front door has timber and glass panelled sidelights and highlights over. Other details include timber framed French doors and timber dentil detailing on the front verandah pediment and beam. The interior contains unusual decorative details, delicate stained glass, brass door plates, plaster ceilings and Art Nouveau decoration.

The building occupies a double block and the house is located close to the street with a small front garden with a larger garden to the north. A low stone wall and tall piers and a cast iron palisade fence runs along the street boundary in front of the house. There are cast iron gates on the northern boundary with a driveway leading to a rear garage, and a low brick wall and piers with palisade fence continuing along to join the original stone and cast iron fence.

Modifications
Parts of the front fence have been replaced.

History

Historical notes: The area of Strathfield within the Burwood Municipality falls within the land grant to Thomas Rowley in 1799. Early activities in the area included farming, collection of timber and the development of service industries along Parramatta and Liverpool Roads.

Early settlement of the Strathfield district was by wealthy merchants and businessmen who lived in villa estates, as is similar to the development of Burwood and Croydon generally. Strathfield was considered a highly prestigious area of large houses in expansive grounds. A railway station was constructed in Burwood in 1855, while Strathfield did not receive its station until the mid 1870’s. The new station led to an expansion of Strathfield.

Santa Sabina College was established at Strathfield in January 1894, following the arrival of a group of Dominican sisters from Ireland who purchased land from wine grower, Harold Lindeman.

The Roberts Estate Redmyre (now Strathfield) was subdivided into 44 allotments fronting the newly formed ‘Roberts Street’ and extending from Cooper Street through to Parramatta Road. It was advertised for auction sale on 3 April 1886 taking advantage of the announcement of the construction of the new terminus of the Northern Railway within 500 metres of the site. The sale was a spectacular success with the whole of the estate selling on the day
with sales totalling £6540. Prior to subdivision the land forming the Roberts Estate was owned by the Hon. Charles James Roberts, CMG and MLA, hotelier, former Mayor of Sydney (1879) and later the Postmaster General in Sir Henry Parkes Ministry (1887).

‘Helikon’ was designed by Architects ‘Slatyer and Cosh’ and built in c.1893.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. (none)-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The building displays a high amount of historic significance as an example of the expansion of the suburb of Burwood at the end of the nineteenth century as part of the ‘Roberts Estate’ subdivision and late Victorian to Federation period of development in the local area constructed in the c. 1893.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is an excellent example of a late Victorian Free Classical style bungalow with Victorian and classical Greek details. The building has retained a high amount of original exterior building fabric. It is aesthetically distinctive with its terracotta tiled steep pitched roof, decorative brick and rendered chimneys, a symmetrical front façade constructed of face brickwork, a front verandah with Greek elements such as a central pediment over supported by rendered Ionic columns on a tiled base. Other details include timber and glass panelled front door with timber and glass panelled sidelights and highlights over, timber framed French doors, small dormer vent and timber dentil detailing on the front verandah pediment and beam. The interior contains unusual decorative details, delicate stained glass, brass door plates, plaster ceilings and Art Nouveau decoration.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The building has rarity as an excellent example of a Victorian Free Classical style bungalow with Victorian and classical Greek details together.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is representative of the subdivision and expansion of Burwood during the late 19th century and represents an excellent example of Victorian Free Classical style architecture.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

[a] Architectural detailing and decorative elements of the building should be conserved. [b] The form, scale and character of the building, together with its curtilage and streetscape presentation should be maintained. [c] Any future additions should be generally confined to the rear of the building and should be subordinate to the principal building form. [d] The major garden elements should be retained including significant trees or specimen plantings, retaining walls, stairs etc. [e] The garden setting of the front yard and generous side setbacks should be retained.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanBurwood LEP 2012i20309 Nov 12   
Within a conservation area on an LEPHelicon001921 Jul 89 844570
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Burwood Heritage study19861.9Fox & Associates Architects/Planners Sydney  No

References, internet links & images

TypeAuthorYearTitleInternet Links
WrittenRegister of the National Estate  

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250010


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