Federation Houses [Item 59] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Federation Houses [Item 59]

Item details

Name of item: Federation Houses [Item 59]
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 11, 17 & 19 Gladstone Street, Burwood, NSW 2134
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
11, 17 & 19 Gladstone StreetBurwoodBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

Nos 11, 17 and 19 Gladstone Street, Burwood have historic and aesthetic significance as good intact examples of a single storeyed c. 1900’s – 1910’s houses designed in the Federation Bungalow style. Despite some modifications to No.11 the buildings retain their original form, character and detailing including decorative gable ends, deep returning verandahs, timber posts, timber frieze and brackets, timber framed casement and double hung windows and timber panelled front door with fanlight window. The group of houses contribute to the Gladstone Street streetscape.
Date significance updated: 17 Jul 18
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1918-1918
Physical description: A group of three single storey Federation style houses all located on corner lots.

No. 11 is a single storey c. 1900’s - 1910’s Federation Bungalow brick house with slate tiled hipped and gabled roof with fibro panels and timber batten gable ends. The front façade is asymmetrical and is constructed of tuck pointed face brickwork. A deep returning verandah faces the street corner of the building with low brick piers and curved brick balustrade, square timber posts and decorative brackets. Other features include a bay window with timber framed casement windows with leadlight fanlights and hoods over, a round porthole leadlight window and timber panelled front door with leadlight fanlight.

There is a driveway, garage and pool at the rear. An aluminium palisade fence is on the front boundary. There is a small lawn at the front corner.

Modifications
Security screens on doors and windows, concrete paved path. The original fence has been replaced.

No. 17 is a single storey c. 1900’s -1910’s Federation Bungalow brick house with terracotta tiled hipped and gabled roof with decorative timber bargeboards on the gable ends. The front façade is symmetrical and constructed of tuck pointed face brickwork, a central verandah with square timber posts and decorative brackets and frieze. Other features include projecting bays with a pair of timber framed double hung windows with moulded sills and apron moulds and timber front door.

There is a driveway and garage at the rear. There is a wrought iron panelled fence on a brick base with piers on the front boundary. There is a medium sized front garden with lawn and plants

Modifications
Security screens on doors and windows, concrete paved path. The original fence has been replaced.

No. 19 is a single storey c. 1900’s - 1910’s Federation Bungalow brick house with terracotta tiled hipped and gabled roof with decorative timber bargeboards on the gable ends and decorative chimney. The front facade is asymmetrical and is constructed of tuck pointed face brickwork, a deep returning verandah faces the street corner of the building with low brick piers and brick balustrade, square timber posts and decorative brackets and frieze. Other features include projecting bays with a pair of timber framed double hung windows with moulded sills and apron moulds and a timber front door with fanlight.

There is a medium sized lawn and garden at the front corner. Directly on the corner there is a decorative lynch gate with brick piers and timber posts supporting a timber framed structure with terracotta tiled roof. The fence consists of a low brick wall with tall piers and a short metal palisade above.

There is a driveway and garage at the rear.

History

Historical notes: The first land grants in the Burwood district included those to Thomas Rowley in 1799 and William Faithful in 1808. In 1812, Rowley’s ‘Burwood Farm’ was bought by Alexander Riley, who built the first house in the district, ‘Burwood Villa’ in 1814.

Early activity in the area included farming activities, collection of timber and the development of service industries along Parramatta and Liverpool Roads. A railway was constructed in 1855 to link Sydney and Parramatta, with Burwood being one of the six stops. It became a passenger service for the wealthy city businessmen who lived in villa estates. A village subdivision was laid out around the railway line in 1854 and the area remained relatively open. Through to the 1880’s, a number of gentleman’s estates were established in and around Burwood.

By 1895 the villa estates had largely been subdivided. Burwood remained an attractive railway suburb of gentlemen’s residences and during the following two decades its character as a garden suburb developed as there was limited industrial development in the area, but there was a variety of service industries as well as some modest homes.

In Australia the Federation Queen Anne architecture exhibits qualities that are similar from English models from which it drew inspiration. Buildings in this style are domestic in scale and use traditional vernacular motifs to achieve informality of planning, massing, fenestration and landscaping

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Garden Suburbs-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site and buildings are of local historical significance as part of an early subdivision and Federation period of development in the local area constructed in c. 1900’s - 1910’s
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The buildings are of local aesthetic significance as good intact examples of single storey c. 1900’s - 1910’s houses designed in the Federation Bungalow style. Despite some modifications to No.11 the buildings retain their original form, character and detailing including decorative gable ends, deep returning verandahs, timber posts, timber frieze and brackets, timber framed casement and double hung windows and timber panelled front door with fanlight window.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The buildings are good representative examples of a single storey Federation Bungalow style houses constructed in c. 1900’s – 1910’s
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

[a] Architectural detailing and decorative elements of the building should be conserved. [b] The form, scale and character of the building, together with its curtilage and streetscape presentation should be maintained. [c] No new openings i.e. windows and doors should be made to the front facade of the building. [d] Any future additions should be generally confined to the rear of the building and should be subordinate to the principal building form. [e] Architectural details and decorative elements which have been damaged or lost should be repaired and/or reinstated (based on sound evidence/research).

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanBurwood LEP 2012i5909 Nov 12   
Local Environmental PlanFederation Houses001921 Jul 89 844570
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Burwood Heritage study19861.21Fox & Associates Architects/Planners Sydney  No

References, internet links & images

None

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250022


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