Wellpark [Item 61] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Wellpark [Item 61]

Item details

Name of item: Wellpark [Item 61]
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 18 Gordon Street, Burwood, NSW 2134
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
18 Gordon StreetBurwoodBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 18 Gordon Street, Burwood has historic and aesthetic significance as a very good intact example of a two storeyed c. 1890’s house designed in the Federation Arts and Crafts style. The building retains its original form, character and detailing including face brickwork, a two storey projecting tower entrance, brick pilasters and mouldings, roughcast rendered panels, decorative timber framed leadlight double hung and bullseye windows, a verandah on tessellated tiles with timber posts, brackets and frieze, timber framed double hung windows with flat arched wedge shaped brick voussoirs, a front door with timber and leadlight panelled door with a leadlight fanlight.
The building, including the front garden makes a positive contribution to the Gordon Street streetscape.
Date significance updated: 17 Jul 18
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1918-1918
Physical description: Two storey c.1890’s Federation Arts and Crafts style house with terracotta tiled hipped and gabled roof with decorative chimneys with terracotta pots. The front façade is asymmetrical, constructed of face brickwork and features a two storey projecting tower entrance. Details of the tower include brick pilasters and mouldings, roughcast rendered panels, decorative timber framed leadlight double hung and bullseye windows. The ground floor has a verandah on tessellated tiles with timber posts, brackets and frieze. Windows are timber framed double hung with flat arched wedge shaped brick voussoirs. The front door is a timber and leadlight panelled door with a leadlight fanlight. Other doors are timber and glass framed French doors with fanlight over. The first floor has a timber balcony with timber posts, balustrade, brackets and frieze and timber framed double hung windows with flat arched wedge shaped brick voussoirs and timber and glass framed French doors with fanlight over.

There is a concrete paved driveway on the northern side of the house leading to a rear garage and carport. The front garden has a lawn, trees and plants. The front fence consists of a low brick wall and piers with metal palisade fence panels between and a metal palisade gate

History

Historical notes: The first land grants in the Burwood district included those to Thomas Rowley in 1799 and William Faithful in 1808. In 1812, Rowley’s ‘Burwood Farm’ was bought by Alexander Riley, who built the first house in the district, ‘Burwood Villa’ in 1814.

Early activity in the area included farming activities, collection of timber and the development of service industries along Parramatta and Liverpool Roads. A railway was constructed in 1855 to link Sydney and Parramatta, with Burwood being one of the six stops. It became a passenger service for the wealthy city businessmen who lived in villa estates. A village subdivision was laid out around the railway line in 1854 and the area remained relatively open. Through to the 1880’s, a number of gentleman’s estates were established in and around Burwood.

By 1895 the villa estates had largely been subdivided. Burwood remained an attractive railway suburb of gentlemen’s residences and during the following two decades its character as a garden suburb developed as there was limited industrial development in the area, but there was a variety of service industries as well as some modest homes.

In Australia the Federation Arts and Crafts architecture exhibits qualities that are similar from English models from which it drew inspiration. Buildings in this style are domestic in scale and use traditional vernacular motifs to achieve informality of planning, massing, fenestration and landscaping.

The property appears to have been subdivided.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Garden Suburbs-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site and building are of local historical significance as part of an early subdivision and Federation period of development in the local area constructed in the 1890’s.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is of local aesthetic significance as a very good intact example of a two storey c. 1890’s house designed in the Federation Arts and Crafts style. The building retains its original form, character and detailing including face brickwork, a two storey projecting tower entrance, brick pilasters and mouldings, roughcast rendered panels, decorative timber framed leadlight double hung and bullseye windows, a verandah on tessellated tiles with timber posts, brackets and frieze, timber framed double hung windows with flat arched wedge shaped brick voussoirs, a front door with timber and leadlight panelled door with a leadlight fanlight.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is a very good representative example of a two storey Federation Arts and Crafts style house that was constructed in the 1890’s.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

[a] The form, scale and character of the building, together with its curtilage and streetscape presentation should be maintained. [b] No new openings i.e. windows and doors should be made to the front facade of the building. [c] Any future additions should be generally confined to the rear of the building and should be subordinate to the principal building form.[d] The major garden elements should be retained including significant trees or specimen plantings, retaining walls, stairs etc. [e] The garden setting of the front yard and generous side setbacks should be retained.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanBurwood LEP 2012i6109 Nov 12   
Local Environmental PlanWellpark001921 Jul 89 844570
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Burwood Heritage study19861.34Fox & Associates Architects/Planners Sydney  No

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250036


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