Federation House [Item 90] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Federation House [Item 90]

Item details

Name of item: Federation House [Item 90]
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 47 Park Road, Burwood, NSW 2134
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
47 Park RoadBurwoodBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 47 Park Road, Burwood has historic and aesthetic significance as a very good example of a single storey Victorian house with a later addition of a verandah in the Federation/Inter-war period. The house represents an endangered aspect of the cultural history of the Burwood area, as it is one of only three surviving mansions of this type fronting Burwood Park, which would have once have been surrounded by the late 19th century mansions of the wealthy. Despite a later verandah addition, the building retains its original form, character and detailing including dichromatic brickwork, round columns, decorated valance and timber framed double hung windows. The building makes a positive contribution to the Park Road streetscape.
Date significance updated: 28 May 14
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1918-1918
Physical description: Single storey c.1880s-90s Victorian bungalow with slate tiled hipped roof and rendered chimney located on the corner of Rowley Street. The front facade has a verandah which has been added during the Federation/Inter-war period. The verandah extends out from the faceted bay and is curved in front of the bay and then extends across the rest of the front facade. The base is dichromatic brickwork with the top part being a balustrade with piers capped in stone with round columns above supporting a valence and a steel flat roof. Walls to the house are rendered brickwork with large timber frame double hung windows. Other features include a concrete path leading up to wide marble stairs with sandstone edging and piers. There is a large mature front garden with trees, lawn and plants with landscape features from the Federation Period. A low brick fence with brick piers runs along the street boundary with wrought iron gates.

Modification
Verandah has been added during the Federation/Inter-war period.
Bars on windows, screen door have been added
Physical condition and/or
Archaeological potential:
It is well maintained.
Date condition updated:24 Oct 01

History

Historical notes: The first land grants in the Burwood district included those to Thomas Rowley in 1799 and William Faithful in 1808. In 1812, Rowley’s ‘Burwood Farm’ was bought by Alexander Riley, who built the first house in the district, ‘Burwood Villa’ in 1814.

Early activity in the area included farming activities, collection of timber and the development of service industries along Parramatta and Liverpool Roads. A railway was constructed in 1855 to link Sydney and Parramatta, with Burwood being one of the six stops. It became a passenger service for the wealthy city businessmen who lived in villa estates. A village subdivision was laid out around the railway line in 1854 and the area remained relatively open. Through to the 1880’s, a number of gentleman’s estates were established in and around Burwood.

By 1895 the villa estates had largely been subdivided. Burwood remained an attractive railway suburb of gentlemen’s residences and during the following two decades its character as a garden suburb developed as there was limited industrial development in the area, but there was a variety of service industries as well as some modest homes.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Accommodation-Activities associated with the provision of accommodation, and particular types of accommodation – does not include architectural styles – use the theme of Creative Endeavour for such activities. Garden Suburbs-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site and building are of local historical significance as part of an early subdivision and Victorian period of development in the local area constructed in c. 1880s - 90s.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is of local aesthetic significance as a good intact example of a single storey c. 1880’s-90’s house designed in Victorian style. Despite a later addition of a verandah in the Federation/Inter-war period, the building retains its original form, character and detailing including dichromatic brickwork, round columns, decorated valance and timber framed double hung windows.
SHR Criteria f)
[Rarity]
The house represents an endangered aspect of the cultural history of the Burwood area, as it is one of only three surviving mansions of this type fronting Burwood Park, which would have once have been surrounded by the late 19th century mansions of the wealthy. Except for three houses (Nos 53, 51 and 47 Park Road) all of the 19th century development facing Burwood Park has been replaced with residential units or 1930s development. Nos. 51 and 53 remains two of only three surviving houses which evoke the late 19th century setting of Burwood Park, and which enhance Burwood Park’s heritage significance.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is a very good representative example of a single storey Victorian house with a later addition of a verandah in the Federation/Inter-war period.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

[a] Architectural detailing and decorative elements of the building should be conserved. [b] The form, scale and character of the building, together with its curtilage and streetscape presentation should be maintained. [c] No new openings i.e. windows and doors should be made to the front facade of the building. [d] Any future additions should be generally confined to the rear of the building and should be subordinate to the principal building form. [e] The major garden elements should be retained including significant trees or specimen plantings, retaining walls, stairs etc. [f] The garden setting of the front yard and generous side setbacks should be retained.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanFederation House001921 Jul 89 844570
Local Environmental PlanBurwood LEP 2012i9009 Nov 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Burwood Heritage study19861.40Fox & Associates Architects/Planners Sydney  No

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250042


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