Fernleigh [Item 105] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Fernleigh [Item 105]

Item details

Name of item: Fernleigh [Item 105]
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 32 Shaftesbury Road, Burwood, NSW 2134
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
32 Shaftesbury RoadBurwoodBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 32 Shaftsbury Street, Burwood has historic and aesthetic significance as a very good intact example of a single storeyed c.1916 Federation Bungalow. The building retains its original form, character and detailing including an asymmetrical front façade, projecting bay, verandah with timber detailing, dichromatic brickwork, timber framed leadlight casement windows with arched top and highlight over and timber and glass panelled front door with sidelight and fanlight, gablet detail, timber entry door with sidelight and fanlight and timber screen door. The house and garden make a positive contribution to the streetscape.
Date significance updated: 29 May 14
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1918-1918
Physical description: Located on the corner of Shaftsbury and Arthursleigh Street, ‘Fernleigh’ is a single storey c. 1916 Federation Bungalow. The steep pitched slate tiled hipped roof has terracotta tiled ridge cresting with decorative brick chimneys with terracotta pots. The front facade is asymmetrical and constructed of dichromatic brickwork. It features a wide projecting bay with roughcast gable end, timber framed casement windows with arched tops and coloured glass and highlight windows over with a slate hood and brackets. The slate tiled roof continues over the front verandah and is supported on square timber posts on a brick balustrade on a tiled base. Other details include decorative timber brackets and barge boards, gablet detail, timber entry door with sidelight and fanlight and timber screen door, timber framed casement windows with coloured glass panels and highlights over and tiled stairs.

There is a curved concrete front path and driveway off Arthursleigh Street. A low brick wall with tall brick piers and wrought iron panels is on the street boundary. There is a medium sized front garden with lawn, trees and plants.

Modifications
Replacement of the original front fence.

History

Historical notes: The first land grants in the Burwood district included those to Thomas Rowley in c.1799 and William Faithful in c.1808. In c.1812, Rowley’s ‘Burwood Farm’ was bought by Alexander Riley, who built the first house in the district, ‘Burwood Villa’ in c.1814.

Early activity in the area included farming activities, collection of timber and the development of service industries along Parramatta and Liverpool Roads. A railway was constructed in c.1855 to link Sydney and Parramatta, with Burwood being one of the six stops. It became a passenger service for the wealthy city businessmen who lived in villa estates. A village subdivision was laid out around the railway line in c.1854 and the area remained relatively open. Through to c. 1880’s, a number of gentleman’s estates were established in and around Burwood.

J.B. Howell purchased Sections 2 and 3 of Fairfax’s property in c. 1870, and in c.1880 he offered allotments for sale in a newly-laid out Clifton Estate. Although Howell’s Clifton Estate Subdivision retained the alignments of Charles (“now Wyalong St”), Hilly (“now Clifton Avenue”), Cheltenham
(“now Shaftesbury Road”), Fitzroy, and Wallace Streets, he did not simply reuse the allotment boundaries set out in c. 1854 Cheltenham Estate subdivision. Rather, new allotments fronting Wallace Street were created, and regular allotments fronting the east-west running streets were redrawn with a smaller width. Whereas the c.1854 subdivision consisted of thirteen regular allotments fronting these streets between Shaftesbury Road and Wallace Street, the c.1880 Clifton Estate offered thirteen allotments plus the depth of a parcel fronting Wallace Street in the same area. Howell also reserved over 3 acres of land for his own occupation. Five years later, the Metropolitan Mutual Permanent Building and Investment Association subdivided the land to the north of Wyalong Street. Again, the subdivision pattern was based on the streets as laid out in c.1854, but the dimensions of the new allotments were smaller than the c.1854 configuration.

By c.1895 the villa estates had largely been subdivided. Burwood remained an attractive railway suburb of gentlemen’s residences and during the following two decades its character as a garden suburb developed as there was limited industrial development in the area, but there was a variety of service industries as well as some modest homes.

In Australia the Federation Queen Anne style exhibits qualities that are similar from English models from which it drew inspiration. Buildings in this style are generally domestic in scale and are picturesque. Characteristics include, asymmetrical facades, dominant roof forms with barge boarded gables, face brickwork, detailed verandahs on more than one side, bay windows, tall chimneys, dormers and conical towers.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Garden Suburbs-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site and building is of local historical significance as part of an early subdivision and Federation period of development in the local area constructed in c. 1916.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is of local aesthetic significance as a very good intact example of a single storey c. 1916 Federation Bungalow style house. The building retains its original form, character and detailing including an asymmetrical front facade, projecting bay, verandah with timber detailing, dichromatic brickwork, timber framed leadlight casement windows with arched top and highlight over and timber and glass panelled front door with sidelight and fanlight, gablet detail, timber entry door with sidelight and fanlight and timber screen door.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is an excellent representative example of a single storey c. 1916 Federation Bungalow style house.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

[a] Architectural detailing and decorative elements of the building should be conserved. [b] The form, scale and character of the building, together with its curtilage and streetscape presentation should be maintained. [c] No new openings i.e. windows and doors should be made to the front facade of the building. [d] Any future additions should be generally confined to the rear of the building and should be subordinate to the principal building form. [e] The major garden elements should be retained including significant trees or specimen plantings, retaining walls, stairs etc.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanFernleigh001921 Jul 89 844570
Local Environmental PlanBurwood Local Environmental Plan 2012i10509 Nov 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Burwood Heritage study19861.62Fox & Associates Architects/Planners Sydney  No

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250064


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