Federation House and Garden [Item 104] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Federation House and Garden [Item 104]

Item details

Name of item: Federation House and Garden [Item 104]
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 27 Selborne Street, Burwood, NSW 2134
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
27 Selborne StreetBurwoodBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 27 Selborne Street, Burwood has historic and aesthetic significance as an excellent intact example of a single storeyed early c. 1911 Federation Queen Anne style house. The building retains its original form, character and detailing including asymmetrical front facades, verandah with timber detailing, dichromatic brickwork, gablet detail, round bull’s eye window, leadlight and coloured glass casement windows with arched fanlights, bracketed hoods, timber panelled door with leadlight side panels and fanlight and shingled and roughcast gable ends.

The fence is not sympathetic with the design of the original building and is an obtrusive element in the streetscape.
Date significance updated: 29 May 14
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1918-1918
Physical description: Single storey c.1911 Federation Queen Anne style house located on the corner of Shaftsbury Road. The steeply pitched terracotta tiled hipped roof with terracotta ridge cresting has gabled bays and decorative brick chimneys with terracotta pots. The street elevations address Selborne and Shaftsbury Streets and are asymmetrical and constructed of dichromatic brickwork. The corner gable ended bay is part of an ‘L’ shaped verandah that faces both street frontages, with decorative turned timber posts, brackets and balustrade timber valence. Other details include gablet detail, round bull’s eye window, leadlight and coloured glass casement windows with arched fanlights, bracketed hoods and timber panelled door with leadlight side panels and fanlight and shingled and roughcast gable ends

There is a low rendered brick wall and tall piers with timber and metal sheet panels on the street boundaries. The splayed corner has a metal panel gate with front path leading to the verandah.

Modifications
Replacement of the original front fence and unsympathetic rear additions.
The fence and the planting scheme reflects the period of the house.

History

Historical notes: The first land grants in the Burwood district included those to Thomas Rowley in c.1799 and William Faithful in c.1808. In c.1812, Rowley’s ‘Burwood Farm’ was bought by Alexander Riley, who built the first house in the district, ‘Burwood Villa’ in c.1814.

Early activity in the area included farming activities, collection of timber and the development of service industries along Parramatta and Liverpool Roads. A railway was constructed in c.1855 to link Sydney and Parramatta, with Burwood being one of the six stops. It became a passenger service for the wealthy city businessmen who lived in villa estates. A village subdivision was laid out around the railway line in c.1854 and the area remained relatively open. Through to c. 1880’s, a number of gentleman’s estates were established in and around Burwood.

By c.1895 the villa estates had largely been subdivided. Burwood remained an attractive railway suburb of gentlemen’s residences and during the following two decades its character as a garden suburb developed as there was limited industrial development in the area, but there was a variety of service industries as well as some modest homes.

In Australia the Federation Queen Anne style exhibits qualities that are similar from English models from which it drew inspiration. Buildings in this style are generally domestic in scale and are picturesque. Characteristics include, asymmetrical facades, dominant roof forms with barge boarded gables, face brickwork, detailed verandah on more than one side, bay windows, tall chimneys, dormers and conical towers.

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site and building is of local historical significance as part of an early subdivision and Federation period of development in the local area constructed in c. 1911.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is of local aesthetic significance as a very good intact example of a single storey c.1911 Federation Queen Anne house. The building retains its original form, character and detailing including asymmetrical front facades, verandah with timber detailing, dichromatic brickwork, gablet detail, round bull’s eye window, leadlight and coloured glass casement windows with arched fanlights, bracketed hoods, timber panelled door with leadlight side panels and fanlight and shingled and roughcast gable ends.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is an excellent representative example of a single storey Federation Queen Anne style house that was constructed in c. 1911.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

[a] Architectural detailing and decorative elements of the building should be conserved. [b] The form, scale and character of the building, together with its curtilage and streetscape presentation should be maintained. [c] No new openings i.e. windows and doors should be made to the front facade of the building. [d] Any future additions should be generally confined to the rear of the building and should be subordinate to the principal building form. [e] Construction of a more sympathetic front fence is encouraged.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanFederation House & Garden001921 Jul 89 844570
Local Environmental PlanBurwood Local Environmental Plan 2012i10409 Nov 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Burwood Heritage study19861.66Fox & Associates Architects/Planners Sydney  No

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250068


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