Federation House [Item 103] | NSW Environment, Energy and Science

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Heritage

Federation House [Item 103]

Item details

Name of item: Federation House [Item 103]
Type of item: Built
Group/Collection: Residential buildings (private)
Category: House
Primary address: 19 Selborne Street, Burwood, NSW 2134
Parish: Concord
County: Cumberland
Local govt. area: Burwood
All addresses
Street AddressSuburb/townLGAParishCountyType
19 Selborne StreetBurwoodBurwoodConcordCumberlandPrimary Address

Statement of significance:

No. 19 Selborne Street, Burwood has historic and aesthetic significance as an excellent intact example of a single storeyed early c. 1900s Federation Bungalow style house with Queen Anne detailing. The building retains its original form, character and detailing including an asymmetrical front facade, verandah with timber detailing, dichromatic brickwork, timber framed leadlight casement windows with arched top fanlights and timber and glass panelled front door with sidelight and fanlight.

The modern brick fence is not sympathetic with the design of the original building and is an obtrusive element in the streetscape.
Date significance updated: 29 May 14
Note: The State Heritage Inventory provides information about heritage items listed by local and State government agencies. The State Heritage Inventory is continually being updated by local and State agencies as new information becomes available. Read the OEH copyright and disclaimer.

Description

Construction years: 1918-1918
Physical description: A single storey early1900s Federation Bungalow with Queen Anne detailing. The steep pitched slate patterned tiled hipped roof has terracotta tiled ridge cresting with decorative brick chimneys with terracotta pots. The front facade is asymmetrical and constructed of dichromatic brickwork. It features a front gable ended projecting bay, small verandah with turned timber posts on brick piers on a tessellated tiled base. Other details include a balustraded timber valence, decorative timber brackets and barge boards, timber entry door with sidelight and fanlight, timber framed leadlight casement windows with coloured glass panels and arched top fanlights, roughcast gable ends and slate tiled hood over the front windows.

There is a curved brick front path and brick driveway on the eastern side of the property with a rear garage. A modern brick fence with arched timber gate is on the street boundary. There is a medium sized front garden with lawn, trees and plants.

Modifications
Replacement of the original front fence.

History

Historical notes: The first land grants in the Burwood district included those to Thomas Rowley in c.1799 and William Faithful in c.1808. In c.1812, Rowley’s ‘Burwood Farm’ was bought by Alexander Riley, who built the first house in the district, ‘Burwood Villa’ in c.1814.

Early activity in the area included farming activities, collection of timber and the development of service industries along Parramatta and Liverpool Roads. A railway was constructed in c.1855 to link Sydney and Parramatta, with Burwood being one of the six stops. It became a passenger service for the wealthy city businessmen who lived in villa estates. A village subdivision was laid out around the railway line in c.1854 and the area remained relatively open. Through to c. 1880’s, a number of gentleman’s estates were established in and around Burwood.

By c.1895 the villa estates had largely been subdivided. Burwood remained an attractive railway suburb of gentlemen’s residences and during the following two decades its character as a garden suburb developed as there was limited industrial development in the area, but there was a variety of service industries as well as some modest homes.

In Australia the Federation Queen Anne style exhibits qualities that are similar from English models from which it drew inspiration. Buildings in this style are generally domestic in scale and are picturesque. Characteristics include, asymmetrical facades, dominant roof forms with barge boarded gables, face brickwork, detailed verandahs on more than one side, bay windows, tall chimneys, dormers and conical towers.

Historic themes

Australian theme (abbrev)New South Wales themeLocal theme
4. Settlement-Building settlements, towns and cities Towns, suburbs and villages-Activities associated with creating, planning and managing urban functions, landscapes and lifestyles in towns, suburbs and villages Garden Suburbs-

Assessment of significance

SHR Criteria a)
[Historical significance]
The site and building is of local historical significance as part of an early subdivision and Federation period of development in the local area constructed in early c. 1900s.
SHR Criteria c)
[Aesthetic significance]
The building is of local aesthetic significance as an excellent intact example of a single storey early c. 1900s Federation House with Queen Anne detailing. The buildings retains its original form, character and detailing including an asymmetrical front facade, verandah with timber detailing, dichromatic brickwork, timber framed leadlight casement windows with arched top fanlights and timber and glass panelled front door with sidelight and fanlight.
SHR Criteria g)
[Representativeness]
The building is an excellent representative example of a single storey Federation Bungalow style house with Queen Anne detailing that was constructed in the early c. 1900s.
Assessment criteria: Items are assessed against the PDF State Heritage Register (SHR) Criteria to determine the level of significance. Refer to the Listings below for the level of statutory protection.

Recommended management:

[a] Architectural detailing and decorative elements of the building should be conserved. [b] The form, scale and character of the building, together with its curtilage and streetscape presentation should be maintained. [c] No new openings i.e. windows and doors should be made to the front facade of the building. [d] Any future additions should be generally confined to the rear of the building and should be subordinate to the principal building form. [e] Construction of a more sympathetic front fence is encouraged.

Listings

Heritage ListingListing TitleListing NumberGazette DateGazette NumberGazette Page
Local Environmental PlanFederation House001921 Jul 89 844570
Local Environmental PlanBurwood LEP 2012i10309 Nov 12   
Heritage study     

Study details

TitleYearNumberAuthorInspected byGuidelines used
Burwood Heritage study19861.67Fox & Associates Architects/Planners Sydney  No

References, internet links & images

None

Note: internet links may be to web pages, documents or images.

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Data source

The information for this entry comes from the following source:
Name: Local Government
Database number: 1250069


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